The Air Pollution During Russia Essay

The Air Pollution During Russia Essay

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The air pollution in Russia is varied due to the size of the country. Because it is so large, Russia, has decent air quality in most parts while some other cities suffer a lot more from air pollution. The total air emissions last year were at 19.6 million tons, which is a slight increase from 2011’s at 19.2 million tons. About 200 cities exceed Russia’s pollution levels annually. Cities such as Moscow, Norilsk, St.Petersburg, Dzerzhinsk, and Rudnaya Pristan are some of the most polluted cities in Russia, causing most of the air pollution in the country. In fact, three of those cities, Norilsk, Rudnaya Pristan, and Dzerzhinsk made it onto the list of the most environmentally polluted cities on earth, according to Mercer consulting form. This is a significant statistic due to the fact that three cities from only one country made it onto the list. Norilsk has a population of only 200,000 people and is producing 1.96 million tons of emissions. This is more than twice the emissions from Moscow, which has a population of over 12 million people and produces only .99 million tons of emissions per year. The two cities differ though due to the fact that the emissions in Norilsk are mainly due to industrial facilities with only .5 percent coming from vehicles. It’s the exact opposite in Moscow, where emissions from vehicles account for 92.8 percent of the total. So as you can see, the reason why the air quality varies in Russia is due to different factors, but mostly due to industrial areas having a higher amount of pollutants going into the atmosphere. 70 percent of the air pollution in Russia comes from Industrial sources, according to The Environmental Rights Center (ERC) Bellona, which is said to be creating an environmental disaster i...

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...f a slight decline in manufacturing, but municipal waste and agriculture continue to threaten major water supply sources. The cost of raising the quality of the country’s drinking water to official standards is said to cost as high as 200 billion dollars, hence the hesitation to deal with the matter efficiently. According to the Russian government, about two thirds of the water in the Volga watershed, which is an area covering about two thirds of the country, does not meet the russian standards. Currently 35 to 60 percent of water reserves in Russia do not meet sanitary standards, with 17 percent of groundwater and 40 percent of surface water considered not consumable. The levels of pollution in the rivers because of industrial and agricultural factors exceed all of the minimum standards, making it even harder for Russia to decrease the occurrence of impotable water.

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