Ancient Greek agriculture was the very necessity of the empire. People needed food to work and soldiers needed food to fight, defend, and conquer neighboring empires. Nearly 80% of the Greek population was somehow involved in agricultural practices. In Greece, meat was expensive and available only to the elite. This caused the Greek diet to be based on cereals. The main cereal crops that the Greeks grew were barley, millet, durum wheat, and common wheat. The Greeks did not have access to many vast fertile lands since only 20% of the Greek land was in fit conditions to grow crops (Ancient History Encyclopedia, “Agriculture In Ancient Greece”). People looked to agriculture to keep their civilization running day to day.
A large part of Greece is rocky, mountainous, and is partly made up of many islands. This caused the Ancient Greeks to not be able to farm and cultivate in a big part of the empire. Land that was full in nutrients necessary for crop growth was scarce. “The Greeks felt that their own climate was adverse and the soil poor”(Hanson 133). The Ancient Greeks solved and found solutions for many of their problems. The Greeks adapted and grew olive trees on the rocky land that no other crops could grow in. Cultivating the olive required time and several techniques. First, the olive was picked by hand...
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• Stavrou, Scott. "Greek Olive Oil: A Gift from the Gods." Greek Olive Oil: A Gift from the Gods. N.p., 29 Apr. 2010. Web. 13 Feb. 2014.
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