The people of Greece believed in mythology and believed they were blessed by the deity which inspired the artists’ creation of the spectacular sculptures including Athena Parthenos, the goddess of wisdom. Wisdom during this period was highly regarded. Most of the sculptures in Athens were made of different types of bronze. (See Figure 1.) This is a copy of the sculpture of Athena Parthenos, dressed in battle attire, that was originally created by Phidias during the period of 447-39 B.C.
Examples of good use in aesthetics and representative pieces of architectures can be found in the Acropolis. Their interest in perfection has been engraved into the architectural world, the excellence of their intelligence enabled them to create the most monumental pieces, their work so great that the ancients even believe they have been built by the gods. Architecture has been part of their culture, the primary intention is to allow its people to possess in patriotism, religion and confidence. In addition to be impress and proud to be part of their civilization. Consequently the Greeks had a reason to build.
Huge temples were built across the Peloponnesus and beyond that honored their respective gods in the Greek religion. Parades, sacrifices, banquets, and week long celebrations were held in honor of these gods that the Greeks based nearly their entire society off of. The Greeks would offer their lives, their family’s lives, all of their possessions to please the gods. Possibly one of the greatest testaments to the Greeks passion for their gods is the Acropolis and Parthenon in Athens, Greece. “.
The Pantheon was a temple in honor of the Olympic gods; in fact, the word pantheon is Greek for "of all the gods" It is the best preserved of all the Roman monuments. Walking into the interior of the Pantheon you will appreciate the enormity of the columns that form the pillared porch. Once inside you'll find yourself looking up in awe at the size of the area above you, until your eyes find the opening in the dome. The pavement of the interior is finely polished marble in patterns of the style called "Opus Sectile" which was popular in ancient Rome. Not only is the Pantheon one of the most amazing architectural structures of the Roman Empire, but it is also one of the most intriguing.
Throughout the centuries, civilizations have prospered and fallen with only their effects left on the world as their evidence of their existence. Ancient Greece is widely accepted as the most influential civilization ever, with the Golden Age of ancient Athens being its pinnacle. The Golden Age of Athens began when Athens became the most powerful Greek city-state, centralizing their power following their victory of the Greco-Persian wars. Following Athens’ victory over Persia, Athenians entered a golden age due to a strong economy, military and government and faith of the people. The Battle of Marathon took place in Athens in 490 BCE, and the citizens fought against the invading Persian army.
In the heart of the Mediterranean, one of the most important civilizations in history was born. A wealth of culture, great thinkers, and advancements sprung forth from its mountainous peninsulas and islands. Ancient Greece would influence the whole of western civilization as we know it today. From the way we live our lives, to the ideals we hold for ourselves, to the buildings we live and function in. The Ancient Greek civilization flourished for over a thousand years, overcoming adversities of every kind and still somehow becoming home to some of the most famous people, ideas, and buildings of all time.
When looking back at many of the ancient civilizations, we can learn things about them based on documents written during that time periods and the events that took place. From these things, we can tell what they valued and the meaning behind these values. In Ancient Greece, many of their ideals are prominent in their practices, especially those performed during the earliest Olympic Games, which is something that Greece is known for. Many people know that the Games started here and that the gods were an influencing factor, but that is the extent of their knowledge. Little do they know, there were many sacrifices, rituals and praises to worship their gods during the Games.
Greek Architecture: History and Mechanics Throughout history, there have been several significant architectural movements. The last, and perhaps most enduring movement is that of Classic Greece. Although for centuries, the architecture of ancient Greece has been admired, mimicked, and replicated, its beginnings are somewhat surprising to one unfamiliar with the history of the region. It is important to understand the history and mechanics of Classic Greek architecture in order to fully appreciate its form, function, and beauty. “Ancient Greek architects strove for the precision and excellence of workmanship that are the hallmarks of Greek art in general.
The Greek civilization developed the concept of human supremacy and responsibility into a worldview. Especially, the Classical Ideal is begin from 500 B.C.E. to 399 B.C.E. of the Golden Age Athens, and it created the higher class of art, architecture, and the philosophy of ancient Athens. The classical is the the creativity of the Greek that combined the resources, peace time period, and the ideal based on the Greek culture.
The architecture was unique for its time, it featured excellent structure,the breathtaking Metopes featuring the epic battles of the gods, the Frieze a detailed sculpture displaying a procession of Greeks, and was built to house the magnificent statue of Athena adorned in gold. The Parthenon was constructed in a time period known as the " Golden Age of Athens". Taking a deeper look into the tremendous efforts of the Athenians to build a great structure to rival all monuments seen throughout the history of humanity may allow one to learn from the Greeks. The Golden Age of Athens was the time period during which Athens enjoyed its greatest successes in various aspects of life. First and foremost Greece was practicing the newest forms of democracy to run its government, therefore the people (men over the age of 18) had a say in their own government.