Essay on The Aging Memory: A Research on Working Memory and Recall

Essay on The Aging Memory: A Research on Working Memory and Recall

Length: 1976 words (5.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

The aging memory: short-term memory and recall performance differences found in age groups.

1. Introduction
The following research proposal aims to continue to further the discussion and study into human memory. However, specifically more into the difference that can be found between age groups in terms of short-term memory and recall performance.
Motivation to undertake in such a study can be said to expand on the existing knowledge as well as to close any gaps due to lack of insight and testing in specific areas – short-term memory and recall performance. Another reason as to why this topic is being researched is to further my own interest within this specialised area of memory as well as cognitive neuroscience in psychology.
Research Question
Are there any significant differences that exist between short-term memory and recall performance in young adulthood and middle adulthood?
There are significant differences that exist between the two age groups with regards to their short-term memory and recall performances.

2. Literature Review
There has been many research endeavors into the topic of the aging memory specifically short-term memory and recall performance with age. However, there seems to be a lack of research regarding the difference found between young and middle adulthood.
The vast knowledge on memory that has been gathered will be used to help support and gain a better understanding on the findings that would be brought forward at a later stage. However, it is necessary to gain insight into previous literature on human memory as well as the aging memory.
It is important to define the key concept, memory, before further discussion on this topic. Memory, according to Austin et al.(2012, p. 660) ...

... middle of paper ...

...A. & Hartman, M. (2003). Adult age differences in temporal and item memory. Psychology and Aging, 18, (3), 573–586. doi : 10.1037/0882-7974.18.3.573

Fandakova, Y., Sander, M. C., Werkle-Bergner, M. & Shing, Y. L. (2014). Age differences in short-term memory binding are related to working memory performance across the lifespan. Psychology and Aging, 29, (1), 140–149. doi : 10.1037/a0035347

Fine, C. (2008). The Britannica guide to the brain: A guided tour of the brain – Mind, memory and intelligence. London, UK: Robinson.

Kaczmarzyk, M., Francikowski, J., Łozowski, B., Rozpędek, M., Sawczyn, T., & Sułowicz, S.(2013). The bit value of working memory. Psychology & Neuroscience, 6, (3), 345 – 349. doi: 10.3922/j.psns.2013.3.11

Passer, M. W. & Smith, R. E. (2008). Psychology: The science of mind and behaviour. (4th Ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Impact of Pregnancy Cortisol Levels on High and Low Working Memory Capacity

- PROJECT DESCRIPTION Impact of Pregnancy Cortisol Levels on High and Low Working Memory Capacity The terms “baby brain” and “maternal amnesia” are informally used to describe the perceived memory loss and inattentiveness many women report suffering during pregnancy (Cuttler, Graf, Pawluski & Galea, 2010). Previous studies have suggested that this perceived memory loss may be associated with temporary exhaustion of working memory capacity (WMC) (Casey, 2000). In 1971, Marian Diamond and collegues did extensive research on pregnant and non-pregnant rats and demonstrated for the first time that pregnancy reshapes the brain (Diamond, Johnson & Ingham, 1971)....   [tags: Health, Diseases, Memory Loss]

Term Papers
853 words (2.4 pages)

Essay about Improving Memory

- Memory is a very important tool to our everyday lives. Without memory, we would not be able to function very productively. You can look at someone suffering with Alzheimer’s disease and see the effects of the inability to make new memories, as well as lost and confused memory. According to what I have read in the textbook, the foundation of our speech and learning is our memory. In general, there are three types of memory: sensory memory, short-term memory and long-term memory. Sensory memory, by definition, is the preservation of information in its original sensory form, for a fraction of a second....   [tags: Mental Health]

Term Papers
1139 words (3.3 pages)

Interview Is Done With My Grandmother Essay

- This interview was done with my grandmother, Kay a.k.a. Kay-Kay, to asses her attention and memory in her later age. Kay just turned seventy last month and is truly as fit as a fiddle, but my family and I have found her memory to not be as sharp as it once was. As a family we tend to not mention or acknowledge the memory lapses that she shows, out of respect for her. However, it became very apparent, in the interview, that she was more then aware that her memory was not that of what it used to be....   [tags: Hippocampus, Memory, Prospective memory]

Term Papers
1299 words (3.7 pages)

Free Recall and Memory Essay

- In daily life, memory is used all the time. When we go to buy things, we would remember the list of items what we are going to buy. At school, we would also need to have revision in order to remember the materials for examination. Or even, when we meet friends, we would also need to recall their names. Thus it is important to know and understand how we remember such things so that we can effectively recall them when necessary. Obviously, we do not need to remember the exact position or order of things in daily life....   [tags: free recall, memory, psychology,]

Term Papers
788 words (2.3 pages)

Importance Of Contextual Learning On Memory Recall Essay

- (317 words) Importance of contextual learning in memory recall It is clear that learning with given context assists memory retention in the long run such as having pre-requisite information to guide them in processing new information. Without previous knowledge, new information can result in incomplete or shallow processing and therefore confuse the individual who cannot comprehend the meaning and be unable to understand. As highlighted in Bransford & Johnson (1972), when prior relevant information (e.g....   [tags: Arithmetic mean, Mean, Memory, Recall election]

Term Papers
1008 words (2.9 pages)

The Effect of Motivation on False Word Recall in the DRM Paradigm Essay

- The experiment I intend to conduct will analyze the effects of motivation on false word recall in the DRM paradigm. The DRM paradigm has been extensively analyzed, and it has been concluded that participants readily recall words that are associated with presented lists, however, not presented in the lists. This phenomenon is known as false recall. I am interested if the presence of a secondary reinforcer will affect the proportion of false word recall. I reviewed three studies that I believe are pertinent to my experiment....   [tags: memory, drm paradigm, false recall]

Term Papers
1519 words (4.3 pages)

Essay on Mulit-Store Model of Memory vs. Working Memory Model

- Compare and contrast the multi-store model of memory with the working memory model. This essay will firstly briefly describe the theories and important facts about the original multi-store model of memory (MSM) and the working memory model (WMM). This essay will then evaluate the key studies within these two models and explain the strengths and weaknesses of the main theories. The final part of this essay will be to examine the similarities and differences between the two models. The first issue that needs to be addressed however is what exactly is memory....   [tags: Memory]

Term Papers
1109 words (3.2 pages)

Essay Long-term Recall of Traumatic Experiences

- On the morning of September 11, 2001, exactly at 9:22 a.m., I woke up to start my day and turned my television on. Instantly, Fox News had reported that a commercial plane had smashed into the Twin Towers of New York City, just minutes earlier. While the story was certainly shocking, I wanted to know more and watched the horrific aftermath unfold, as it continued to happen. I remember an incredible feeling of sadness that I could do nothing to help the people in these buildings, as well as a great concern that more attempts could be made to create further tragedy elsewhere....   [tags: Total Recall Memory ]

Term Papers
938 words (2.7 pages)

Representaion of Instructions in Working Memory Essay examples

- Following instructions is part of our daily lives and a very important human attribute. It makes implementation of new arbitrary behavior rather effortless in comparison to trial and error, facilitating our learning process. Despite the fundamental role for our behavioral regulation, little is known of how instructions are represented in working memory. How do we plan an action and prepare ourselves to react in a specific way to a new and unpracticed task. Binding mechanisms have been shown to take part in action planning (Hommel, 1998; Stoet & Hommel, 1999, 2002); but does the mere instruction of an action result in binding of stimulus-response (S-R)....   [tags: Memory]

Term Papers
1097 words (3.1 pages)

Interference in Memory Recall Essay

- Interference in memory recall can be affected by nutrition deficiencies and stress. Korsakoff’s syndrome which is as a result of a lack of vitamin B1 or thiamine, does adversely affect memory in some patients with alcoholism (Carlson, 2010). Stress has also been found to interfere with recall in people when faced with the stress of surviving a natural disaster. Usually Korsakoff’s syndrome is found in older patients who have drunk alcohol for decades, but the thiamine deficiency can cause cognitive impairments in younger patients also (Terry, 2009)....   [tags: Mental Health]

Term Papers
521 words (1.5 pages)