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    What is Memory?

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    What is memory? Memory is involved in all aspects of our lives, is it a cognitive thinking process or a way of retaining information or is it a number of connected stores or even actual information retained. According to Reber (1985), it is possibly all of theses. Memory has not been defined as a single process or fact and several theories exist about its nature, character and structure. We have vast amounts of information stored in our memory systems which we are able to access quickly

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    Using Chunking to Increase Capacity of STM The aim of the investigation was to repeat the experiment carried out by Bower and Springston in 1970. A laboratory experiment was carried out to demonstrate how chunking could be used to increase the capacity of STM. Participants were presented with a letter sequence. The independent variable was the chunking and the dependent variable was how many letters the participants recalled. A repeated measures design was used and the participants were

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    Chunking Research

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    relative nature of chunks ordering, also retrieval after week delay stay the same as before and chunks organization after week is less than previous trials. Selecting a 12-years boy was wise decision, because at last the subject retrieved similar number of items that adults retrieved. This experiment finds that, it is possible that related items from same chunks presented in related style because of sequential nature of verbal free recall. References Buschke, H. (1976). Learning is organized by

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    Without it, we are nothing" (pp.4-5). This simply illustrates the importance of memory in our lives. Humans have what is called short-term memory. The major role of STM ,as its name indicates, is to store information such as remembering a phone number for only a brief period of time. The memory span is between 5 and 9 items (Miller 1956). Working memory holds information for just 20-30 seconds. If the information is presented with pauses, this may act as a single unit for the short memory. This

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    process of perceiving and understanding input. Storage is the way in which we commit information to memory. Retrieval is the process used to access information that is not currently in conscious memory. William James, an early psychologist, identified two types of memory - "primary memory" and "secondary memory", which are now called "short term memory" and "long term memory". Atkinson and Shiffrin's "multi-store model of memory" This theory states that there are three distinct memory stores -

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    Memory Strategies

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    chunking on telephone numbers by students on campus. There were a total of 40 students that participated, and they were split into two groups consisting of 20 students per group. The control group used chunking as their memory strategy for memorizing a list of 10 telephone numbers. In contrast, the experimental group has used no specific strategy to memorize the list of numbers that was given to them. Each group was given 15 minutes to memorize their list of 10 telephone numbers and they had 5 minutes

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    more interesting text messages or Facebook statuses. Students are not realizing the costs associated with this type of “media multitasking.” Multitasking in the academic world can be as reckless as texting and driving. Dividing your attention between two tasks is more time consuming and the overall performance is reduced. Media multitasking is illogical and counterproductive to effective theoretical learning and collegiate education. Completing tasks by giving an undivided attention and by ignoring

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    Memory

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    We are the sum total of all our experiences and these experiences are thoughts, sensations and judgments stitched together in form of memories. If our memories were to become worse we would start losing the very things that make us unique. Our reactions, which make our personality, are the end result of long experiences with environmental stimuli. With worse memory this store-house of memory will also become small and hence we can expect more fluid personalities which will continuously change in

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    WAIS-IV Report

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    average range and above approximately 87% of his peers (WMI=117; 95% confidence interval = 109-123). The Working Memory Index measures concentration and attention, short term memory functions, sequencing, facility with numbers and mental flexibility. John performed comparable on the two subtests contributing to the WMI, suggesting similar develop in both abilities. By calculating the difference between the highest and lowest subtest scaled scores for the WMI it was determined that these was no abnormal

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    important facts about the original multi-store model of memory (MSM) and the working memory model (WMM). This essay will then evaluate the key studies within these two models and explain the strengths and weaknesses of the main theories. The final part of this essay will be to examine the similarities and differences between the two models. The first issue that needs to be addressed however is what exactly is memory? “ Without memory we would be servants of the moment, with nothing but our innate

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