a.) Comparisons of scores across a larger group of similar characteristics (gender, age, grade level)
b.) ACT and SAT tests are norm-referenced tests used by colleges and universities to compare scores of incoming freshmen students from around the country, to consider acceptance.
2.) Credibility (McMillan, p.302)
a.) The degree of being trusted and information provided is accurate
b.) Teachers are held credible in their ability to deliver content materials that prepare students for state mandated assessments.
3.) Median (McMillan, p.125)
a.) The middle scores once all scores are lined from least to greatest
b.) The achievement levels on the FCAT ranges from a scale of 1-5, with level 1 being the lowest, and level 5 being the highest. Based on the standards, the median score on the FCAT is level 3.
4.) Triangulation (McMillan, p.109)
a.) Using a variety of sources to address the same issues/ questions.
b.) Teachers often use triangulation techniques hen providing semester grades for students. We use a combination of quantitative (test scores, running records, etc) and qualitative (teacher notes) notes to justify grades.
5.) Stability (McMillan, p.138)
a.) Providing an estimated reliability of an instrument by giving the same instrument twice
b.) When introducing new teaching strategies, teachers give pre and post tests at the beginning and end of a lesson to assess the effectiveness and stability of the new strategy.
6.) Criterion-referenced (McMillan, p.149)
a.) The comparing and measurement of student performance to an already imposed standard or performance task.
b.) Most teacher-made tests are criterion referenced tests.
c.) At the end of the lesson, Mrs. Smith gave student a 2- ques...
... middle of paper ...
...pared the test results. In the event of the assessments being reliable, the student should score approximately the same score both times.
24.) Validity (McMillan, p.131)
a.) Assessing the appropriateness of a certain measure through inferences
b.) The FCAT maybe valid in capturing how much a student may know at the time taking the test. But, it may also be invalid for assessing the teacher’s effectiveness of teaching and delivering content materials.
25.) Research (McMillan, p.5)
a.) Intentional, organized, or purposeful gathering of information as it pertains to a certain topic
b.) Research studies on the NCLB Act of 2001 were performed to assess the effectiveness of the policy in decreasing achievement gaps through several mediums. Researchers used both, qualitative and quantitative research methods to collect data. They used surveys, interviews, observations, etc.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The controversial topic in the realm of physical education is if physical education should remain in schools. Higher up’s are complaining about test scores and suggesting that cutting physical education programs would lead to better test scores. Technically, this would lead to more time spent sitting in a desk and listening to lectures in class, which is supposed to improve test scores. So, the solution to increase test scores is to take the small chance of physical activity that children receive during the school day and keep them almost completely sedentary for six-plus hours.... [tags: tests scores, children education]
1495 words (4.3 pages)
- This section of reading was very compelling. The articles mainly focused on socioeconomic status and how it relates to test scores and educational achievement, many of the articles also emphasized the importance of early education. The first reading in this section is by Raudenbush and Eschmann. They hypothesize that free universal schooling will promote social equality. The authors put forward this explanation for their hypothesis, equal access to schools will increase equality, but also poor and disadvantaged children will benefit from access to similar schools as their more advantaged peer counterparts.... [tags: Education, School, Teacher, Poverty]
1813 words (5.2 pages)
- Brief Review of the Literature Studies have indicated that intrinsic motivation increases student achievement. The success of integrating technology with increased student achievement could vary based on students’ intrinsic motivational styles. ATLAS has identified viable motivational styles within individual learning styles. Understanding different technologies and their effect on motivational styles in ATLAS has not been studied, but studies validate the importance and the need for this study.... [tags: success in School, mastery, autonomy]
1838 words (5.3 pages)
- Due to the rise in immigration and the demographics of classrooms in America are changing. As a result, English Language Learners are becoming more common in schools. English Language Learners make up one of the largest demographics in the American Classroom (Flynn & Hill, 2005). These students have been observed to have a major achievement gap because many of these students are placed in mainstream classrooms with basic literacy skills. Many English Language Learners are born in the United States (Goldenberg, 2008).... [tags: education, classroom]
1248 words (3.6 pages)
- The Impact of Child Physical Abuse on Academic Achievement and Behavior In modern society, a child’s performance in school is considered an indicator of their abilities to create a successful future. Most children receive the love and support from their parents which contributes to adequate school performance. However, for children who are physically abused, school can add an incredible amount of pressure to an already stressful life. In regards to this paper, the term child physical abuse refers to the intentional acts of injury or harm to a person under the age of 18 by a parent or caregiver.... [tags: performance, mental health, sucess]
1798 words (5.1 pages)
- There is a great deal of contradicting literature pertaining to what approach to use in a science classroom: inquiry-based or direct instruction. Inquiry-based instruction and direct instruction both have their advantages and disadvantages at every age and every intellectual level. This chapter will review the literature of scholars who have researched and provided evidence that either inquiry-based or direct instruction is more effective in developing conceptual comprehension in science classes.... [tags: traditional students, science classroom]
1563 words (4.5 pages)
- By definition, a standardized test is any test that is administered and scored in a predetermined, standard manner. Schools use two main types, aptitude and achievement. Aptitude tests are meant to predict how well students are going to perform in a subsequent educational setting while achievement tests are to evaluate a school's effectiveness. Standardized tests have been a controversial issue in the United States since the 2002 No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) mandated annual testing in all 50 states.... [tags: aptitude and achievement tests]
1490 words (4.3 pages)
- When one pursues academics, they must start in child hood. Good academic development during adolescence is important for one to have a life time of achievements in academics and work related fields. The transitionary period between primary and secondary school, a period of time where a child’s academic works often declines is the time when one needs to devote themselves to academics. In their article Academic Success Across the Transition from Primary to Secondary Schooling among Lower-Income Adolescents: Understanding the Effects of Family Resources and Gender, Lisa Serbin, Dale Stack, and Daniel Kingdon conducted a study on school age kids and the need of academic success, in the article t... [tags: key predictor of lifetime achievement]
1062 words (3 pages)
- Shortly after our session began, Dr. Hooper asked us to give a short “elevator speech” designed to provide others with a glimpse of the nature and work of the PLC groups we are leading in our schools and departments. As each of us shared our thoughts, one recurring theme emerged – time. Most students stated finding the time to meet with their PLC was difficult. Some said their PLCs were frequently cancelled. Others indicated they wanted to ensure the PLCs they were leading made the most of teachers’ time.... [tags: Leadership ]
1731 words (4.9 pages)
- Question I My role in this assignment is that of a member of a program or subject area committee at an urban upper middle class attendance center and I will be addressing diversity and lower scores to the administration. The faculty at this school contains a large number of new hires as well as relatively new teachers; less than half of the instructors have 10 or more years of experience. According to the needs assessment and recent surveys, there is unacceptable student achievement in academic basics, markedly lower scores for students with special needs and for African American and /or Hispanic students.... [tags: Education, Culture, Knowledge, Special education]
2039 words (5.8 pages)