Induction is the process of getting the empirical truth which involves the four sources of knowledge; memory, sense perception, introspection, & reason. Induction starts from sense in primary objects. Deduction, on the other hand which is truth based upon rational thought, allows us to use a hypothesis, and examine all possibilities until a logical conclusion can be formed so those things which are true can be classed. In short, the conclusion of inductive reasoning at best can only be probably true whereas the conclusion of deductive reasoning is always necessarily true.
Bacon introduced a new system of “true and perfect” induction which he proposed as both the essential foundation of scientific method and also a necessary tool for the proper interpretation of nature. Bacon although an analytic, designed this new method to differ from the classical methods of induction Aristotle and other philosophers formed. “As Bacon explains it, classic induction proceeds “at once from . . . sense and particulars up to the most general propositions” and then works backward (via deduction) to arrive at intermediate propositions.” (Simpson) One major mistake Bacon noticed with the classic method of induction philosophers such as Aristotle formed was that if general principle proves false, all the intermediate principles could prove false as well. “And, though these affections are necessary as various as are individual conditions, yet the method must be such that the ultimate conclusion of every man shall be the same, or would be the same if inquiry were sufficiently persisted in.” (Peirce) One contradicti...
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...ng his own proofs.” (UKEssays)
In conclusion, neither method is better than the other, nor is there a “right” or “wrong” method. We use both methods everyday as we rationally think or wonder about something. We relate our past experiences to new ones which seem to have similarities as past events which is induction. We also, perform experiments and order things according to logic to reach a conclusion which is deduction.
Dobson, Kevin E., and Jon Avery. Ways of Knowing: Selected Readings. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt, 1994. 63-75. Print.
"The Life And Work Of Euclid Philosophy Essay." The Life And Work Of Euclid Philosophy Essay. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2014.
Macphee, Kona. "The Origins of Proof." Plus.maths.org. N.p., 1 Jan. 1999. Web. 31 Mar. 2014.
Simpson, David. "Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy." Bacon, Francis . IEP, n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2014.
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