Compare And Contrast Locke And Descartes

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During the enlightenment era, rebellious scholars called philosophers brought new ideas on how to understand and envision the world from different views. Although, each philosopher had their own minds and ideas, they all wanted to improve society in their own unique ways. Two famous influential philosophers are Francis Bacon and John Locke. Locke who is an empiricism, he emphasizes on natural observations. Descartes being a rationalist focus more on innate reasons. However, when analyze the distinguished difference between both Locke and Descartes, it can be views towards the innate idea concepts, the logic proof god’s existence, and the inductive/deductive methods. This can be best demonstrate using the essays, “An Essay Concerning Human Understanding”…show more content…
That everything in our mind is in idea. It all could be developed by human reason, not innate ideas. Locke goes on to describe his theory in order for your mind to gain knowledge humans will have to fill it up their brain with ideas, and learn through their five senses. Since, the innate ideas was not that relevant to Locke he needed to come up with another perceptions. Locke then suggested that external experience called as sensations; this experience which we can attain our knowledge through our senses that we have such as smells, touch and color. In other words, it is about analyses the characteristics of an object. The second kind of experience which Locke mentions is internal experience known as reflection, it is summarize those personal experience such as our thoughts, thinking, and feelings. He says that all knowledge come from sensations or reflection, “These two are the fountains of knowledge, from whence all the ideas we have, or can naturally have,” (page186). Therefore, the sense and observation make up the whole of knowledge. On the contrary, as for Descartes views he believes we do have innate…show more content…
He does not rely on the religious system views that much. The big question for Locke is this: How do we know that a testimony, “Which claims to be from God, is in fact from God?” (IV 16.14). He was not sure if God existence was truthful, or was it someone making things up.in other words, we do not know exactly if when someone claim about God is it truthful or not, it is there a ways to figure this out, religious person might just be making false accusations. This why the reason he does not quite mention religion throughout his essay. On the other hand, when Descartes talks about the idea of God’s existence he seems to imply that we are all born with the thought of God in our mind. In order to proof the existence of God, Descartes begins to classifying the truth or false ideas in his minds he formed. Descartes says, “I had of many other things outside myself, as of the sky, the earth, light, I was not much at loss to know whence they came, which seemed to make them superior to me” (Page 185). He was so drawn about question pour it out his minds. When reading further the idea of God was perfection and there was no room for error. God is the cause for the ideas within me, this is reason to believe that God exist, Descartes says. The idea of human beings line of thought about God it cannot occur, unless
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