When Aristotle famously said: "Virtue is a state of character concerned with choice, being determined by rational principle as determined by the moderate man of practical wisdom", not many could fathom the message intended for during his time. In fact, his ideas of decisions based on logical thinking were largely rejected by the Greek public in favor for traditions. Fast forward close to two thousand years, the Age of Enlightenment arrived. Francis Bacon instigated a revolution in the human thought in the 17th century. The thinkers began to question the rigid traditional ideas and institutions in placed using reasoning and science. The principles of reasoning and rationalism behind the Age of Enlightenment were widely accepted by society and it was a product of the Scientific Revolution that started in the 16th century. More philosophers were born and further enhanced the idea of using reasoning and logic to substantiate decision makings. The Age of Enlightenment and its predecessor, the Scientific Revolution has brought numerous discoveries in recorded history. However, the Age of Enlightenment was thought to have ended when the French Revolution led to the rise of democracy and nationalism in the late 18th century . Although the Age of Enlightenment has long passed us, its principles still remain unchanged to be the foundation of current our systems as it aligns humanity with science, prevents the use of unnecessary violence to solve conflicts and also encourages an educated society.
The period that preludes the Age of Enlightenment is the Protestant Reformation in the early 16th century. The Protestant Reformation initiated mainly by Martin Luther caused a major upheaval in the European countries ...
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3. Gaukroger, Stephen. Francis Bacon and the Transformation of Early Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2001. Print.
4. Smith, Hannah. Georgian Monarchy: Politics and Culture, 1714-1760. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2006. Print.
5. Burns, William E. Science in the Enlightenment: An Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2003. Print.
6. "Traditional Knowledge and Scientific." Traditional Knowledge and Scientific. Web.
7. Westfall, Richard S. Isaac Newton. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2007. Print.
8. Outram, Dorinda. The Enlightenment. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1995. Print.
9. Melton, James Van Horn. The Rise of the Public in Enlightenment Europe. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge UP, 2001. Print.
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