Marx argues religion acts as a drug to be more exact like opium. People who usually do drugs do it typically because it is an escape from their problems. Likewise, people typically follow a religion because it help’s them escape from their problems. Following a religion helps them to numb the pain of reality. Some people born in society have it better than others and for those who do not religion turn into a great hope for them. Additionally, Marx goes onto say religion is man made and we do not need it to survive. Furthermore, the more people have the less they tend to care about religion. For example, if someone is content with their life they do not feel a need to follow religion because they are satisfied. However, in times of need and desperation that is when people think about religion .It is easy to follow a religion when you have nothing else.
6. According to Tocqueville, what effect (and why) does the expansion of the middle classes have on the production and consumption of “the arts.”
According to Tocqueville they are many effects that the expansion of the middle classes have on the productions and consumption of the arts. According to Tocqueville in aristocratic times the purpose of creating the arts was to produce the best artwork spending a great amount of time on it perfecting it and selling it for a high price. However, in today’s society the way to get rich is to sell your artwork for a cheaper price by manufacturing more quantity but with cheaper materials less in value, reproducing the artwork quicker and cheaper. Today all ranks of people can afford to buy a rep...
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...nt machines because this is the most cost efficient way. It generates surplus value at the cost of the worker. For example one person does something while another person does something else, each person has his or her own task to do it, not one individual is responsible for the final product. It is more efficient if each person creates a part of the puzzle rather than the whole thing. These workers are bring forced to repeat the same task over and over again on a day to day basis taking away creativity from them. The factory workers use no brainpower because the task is purely mechanical. It makes the worker’s seem more of an extension of the machine. The essence of life is being sucked out of the workers. The workers lose their self-identity to fit the needs of the job. Additionally, the people who own the means of production live off the hard work others have done.
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