The Two Main Branches of Art Therapy Essay

The Two Main Branches of Art Therapy Essay

Length: 2172 words (6.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Two Main Branches of Art therapy
Art therapy began as a natural extension of Freud’s groundbreaking psychoanalytic theories at the turn of the last century. Psychiatrists discovered that visual arts could be used as a tool of assessment, and by the 1940s art was being used not only for assessment, but also in therapeutic applications (Junge, 2010). Two main branches evolved from these early years: art as therapy and art psychotherapy.
With Freud and others at the forefront of modern psychological thinking, it is not surprising that the theories of psychoanalysis entered into art therapy. Margret Naumberg, considered by many to be the creator of art therapy, incorporated her concepts of artistic creation and symbolism with Freudian psychoanalysis (Junge, 2010). Art psychotherapy assumes “that imagery [is] an outward projection of the patient’s inward intrapsychic processes” and relies on “symbolic communication between the patient and therapist” (Junge, 2010, p. 38). Naumberg’s approach to analysis differed from Freud’s however. She allowed the patient to make his or her own interpretations rather than rely on the omnipotent therapist to provide insight (Junge, 2010). Goals of art psychotherapy include: making the unconscious conscious, transference through art making to the artwork itself, and client-based interpretation.
Art directives in an art psychotherapy approach are understood in terms of the spontaneous expression that gives access to unconscious material (Case & Dalley, 2006). The triangular relationship between the art, client, and therapist is considered more important than the final art product. Case and Dalley (2006) describe an art psychotherapy directive in which a child client is asked to paint a series of...


... middle of paper ...


.... The modern history of art therapy in the United States. Springfield, Il:
Charles C. Thomas
Kaplan, F.F. (2000). Art, science and art therapy: Repainting the picture. London and
Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley.
Kramer, E. (1972). Art as therapy with children. New York, NY: Schocken Books.
Lusebrink, V. B., (2004) Art therapy and the brain: An attempt to understand the underlying
processes of art expression in therapy, Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association, 21:3, 125-135
Mcdiarmid, M. D., Bagner, D. M., (2005). Parent child interaction therapy for children with
disruptive behavior and developmental disabilities. Education & Treatment of Children, 28(2), 130.
Shiflett, C. & Tang, H. (2011). Integrating the expressive arts into counseling practice
theory-based interventions. In Degges-White S., Davis N. L. (Eds.). New York, NY: Springer Pub.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Art Therapy : A Beneficial Technique Essay

- Art therapy is a beneficial technique that works especially well with children. Sometimes children are unable to put into words the different emotions they are feeling, art therapy can assist the therapist in discovering the different issues children’s may feel. Art therapy focuses on the creative process of exploring deeper meanings in a patient’s personal experiences, while integrating psychotherapy with multi-arts, this approach can help children access, process, and integrate traumatic feelings in a manner that allows for appropriate emotional regulation....   [tags: Art, Emotion, Art therapy, Medicine]

Term Papers
1495 words (4.3 pages)

Techniques Used For Art Therapy Essay

- Within non-directive and directive routes, there are many different methods involved in art therapy. Painting is the most popular method that is used for art therapy. The Counseling Directory explains, “Putting paint on paper is one of the purest forms of art and allows you an immense amount of freedom” (Art Therapy). Painting gives patients freedom even though a blank canvas can be frightening at first (Art Therapy). Using a media such as paint gives children the ability to use a wide variety of colors to express their emotions....   [tags: Art, Music, Arts, Art therapy]

Term Papers
1693 words (4.8 pages)

Emotional Release: Benefits of Art Therapy  Essay

- Title Emotional Release: Benefits of Art Therapy A 6-year-old girl sits next to her therapist, with signs of anxiety upon her face. Pieces of paper, pencil and some markers are placed in front of the girl. She is hesitant to speak out, but these colors do help release some of the tension in the air. She begins to draw and paint, in a matter of fifteen minutes she finishes with a sequence of fourteen pictures: “A little girl pig is attacked by a man who wax her with a big stick and hits her in the face with a stone, although she has done nothing wrong to him....   [tags: Art Therapy]

Term Papers
2769 words (7.9 pages)

The Power of Art Therapy Essay

- Art therapy allows feelings to be expressed through art. Like regular therapy, art therapy might not be for everyone. Art therapy uses both artistic and therapeutic techniques to provide clients with a way to express themselves through their work. Art therapy is used in many places and provides benefits for those who participate. It is important to implement art therapy into everyday life because it will allow one to find themselves. The first person to refer to therapeutic applications of art was Adrian Hill, in England, while being treated for tuberculosis....   [tags: Art Therapy Activities]

Term Papers
1447 words (4.1 pages)

The Power of Art Therapy Essay examples

- Introduction Many say that art is just a work of creativity. However, it is much more than that. Art can help people in many ways because it raises self-esteem, helps with mental disorders, and it can work as a very powerful therapy method. Art Therapy isn’t all about creativity. It can sometimes help more than actual face to face therapy. It tends to feel less intimidating. Does Art Help with Self-Consciousness. One issue many people, especially girls, struggle with is self-esteem....   [tags: Art Therapy Essays]

Term Papers
917 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on Occupational Therapy : An Art And Science

- Introduction Occupational therapy is often times defined as the combination of both scientific and artistic principles. This is evident by which occupational therapy incorporates scientific knowledge, research, and philosophies in its practice alongside the use of personal experiences, beliefs, and values within its treatment. In the article, Weaving the Warp and Weft of Occupational Therapy: An Art and Science for All Times, Woods states that occupational therapy consists of two distinct fundamental principles: the warp and weft (Woods, 1997)....   [tags: Therapy, Medicine, Occupational therapy]

Term Papers
762 words (2.2 pages)

Art Therapy: A Necessary Tool for Success Essay

- Art is the self-expression of someone or something that shows the hidden or underlying emotions upon which are found within the unconscious mind (Merriam-Webster). Art can tell stories of past events which were significant to that culture or person. This could include things such as hunts or sacrifices to please the gods. As society and people started to evolve and become more and more like modern day society, so did art and how society viewed it. At the beginning of the renaissance in Europe, many new artists and ways of thinking began emerging which soon became the mainstream way of thinking....   [tags: Art]

Term Papers
2252 words (6.4 pages)

The Main Branches Of Government Essay

- September 17th, 1787 delegates of the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia signed the U.S. Constitution that established America 's national government and fundamental laws that guarantee the basic rights for U.S. citizens. Almost 230 years later since that day we, as U.S. citizens, have still lived by those laws. Currently there are approximately 20,000 laws, 94 District Courts, 13 Circuit Courts, one Supreme Court throughout the Country, three main branches of government ( the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial) and over 40 Presidents of the United States....   [tags: United States, President of the United States]

Term Papers
1155 words (3.3 pages)

Essay on The Main Branches Of Islam

- 1 - What are the basic duties of a Muslim and what are the main branches of Islam. The main branches are Shia and Suni, the five pillars are: (Shahadah) have faith in god and Muhammad is the messenger of god,total commitment to Islam. (Salah) pray five times a day facing the holy city Makkah. (Zakat) do charity&almsgiving/go to Makkah at least once in life. (Sawm) fasting during the holy month, the fast in an act of deep personal worship in which Muslims seek a richer perception of God. Fasting is also an exercise of self-control whereby ones’s sensitivity is heightened to the suffering of the poor....   [tags: Al-Qaeda, Taliban, Special Activities Division]

Term Papers
700 words (2 pages)

The Components of Art Therapy Essay

- According to Dryden et al. (1992), the concept of art therapy is essentially based in the image and the progression of this method permits the occurrence of a transaction between three critical components of this model. Respectively these components are known as the creator or patient, the artifact, and the therapist. The aims of art therapy align with other processes of therapy whereby; the therapist engages his/her expertise to allow the patient’s unconscious feelings to travel to a conscious state....   [tags: therapy, components, emotions, feelings]

Term Papers
2735 words (7.8 pages)