The Two Aspects Of Learning Theory Essay

The Two Aspects Of Learning Theory Essay

Length: 748 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In the last decade, educators have introduced and used the term life- long learning. This is the notion that learning continues to enrich lives beyond the classroom and has no restrictions as to when learning can stop. There are many internal and external factors that can influence learning such as; emotional, social and environmental factors. It is from these factors and observation of behaviours that psychologists can draw conclusions together, proposing theories to explain how individuals learn and what can ultimately hinder this learning in terms of individual needs. In this essay the two aspects of learning theory that will be examined closely are behaviourism and social learning theory. Behaviourism and social learning theory both state that learning is determined by experience, reinforcement and punishment. Eggen (2001, p. 235) stated that learning is “an internal process that may or may not result in immediate behavioural change.”
Behaviourism derived in the late nineteenth century where the realm of new psychology was discovered. Behaviourism centres around a reaction to a stimulus and implies that all behaviours are learnt. This coheres with the influential works of Skinner, Watson and Pavlov who also made insightful contributions to behaviourism through the notion of empiricism.
Edward Thorndike (1898) investigated the idea of operant conditioning. This is the belief that an individual learns through positive and negative reinforcements. Thorndike carried out his experiment by observing multiple cats in a contained puzzle box. This was so he could identify whether behaviours could be reinforced and repeated. Thorndike found through his experiment that the cats learnt through the process of trial and error. He reached...


... middle of paper ...


...gs are essentially something that can enhance learning if positive, but also can have consequences on an individual’s learning experience if they are negative. This echoes the idea of how factors like emotion can affect learning.
Vygotsky and Piaget opposed to behaviourism on the grounds that they believed individuals were actively involved in their own learning through the interaction of their environment, “The brain is not a hotel for a series of conditioned reflexes” Joravsky (1989, p. 260). They stated how a child is an active constructor of knowledge and that learning is simply the result of social interaction. Vygotsky (1978) proposed a theory which was referred to as the zone of proximal development. This argues that individuals do not learn through a reaction to a stimulus but alternatively, because of social interaction and a more knowledgeable other (MKO).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Link Between Learning and Cognition

- Finding a valid meaning of knowledge is not a simple task as many people have more than once given differing insight as to what knowledge entails. The history of knowledge dates far back to Greek philosophy in which Plato and Aristotle manifested great interest in the nature of knowledge; the epistemology tried to identify what knowledge meant, to gain facts of its origin, and about its maximum capacity. As Plato posited that knowledge is inherited and therefore innate, Aristotle advanced in an individual’s sensory experience as the base of knowledge....   [tags: Learning ]

Better Essays
1001 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Vygotsky 's Sociocultural Learning Theory

- Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Learning Theory Given the comprehensive nature of sociocultural theory, its educational implications for assessment, curriculum, and instruction are numerous. When considering theory to practice with regards to the sociocultural theory, the notion of zones of proximal development (ZPD) must be recognized. ZPD is a teaching tool that aids students to progress educationally beyond what he or she could do by themselves. ZPD also has a prominent place in the goals of educational assessment....   [tags: Developmental psychology, Educational psychology]

Better Essays
769 words (2.2 pages)

Essay on Operant Conditioning, Social Learning Theory And Bowlby

- To describe and evaluate two approaches to attachment, looking at operant conditioning, social learning theory and Bowlby. Operant conditioning is a theory into attachment, which is described as positive reinforcements given from the mother. Dollard and Miller did a study and found that children formed an attachment with the person that fed them, usually the mother. This suggests that the mother feeding them gives satisfaction, causing positive reinforcements, meaning the child is more likely to form an attachment with the mother (cox,2008, p58)....   [tags: Attachment theory, John Bowlby, Reinforcement]

Better Essays
1241 words (3.5 pages)

Learning Within E-learning Ecosystems Essay

- ABSTRACT This paper evaluates the critical success factors within an e-learning ecosystems namely the principles and methods, processes and systems, and substance and content of teaching and learning. A qualitative approach was adopted to evaluate the critical success factors involving two principal data collection methods; a thorough and systematic review literature and in-depth interviews with e-learning providers. The interviewees corroborated the need for an effective model of e-learning in which, each of these factors provide impetus to each other by functioning as a unit, contributing to overall e-learning success....   [tags: E-Learning]

Better Essays
1468 words (4.2 pages)

What Theory Of Learning And Teaching Do You Subscribe And Why? Essay

- 1. To what theory of learning and teaching do you subscribe and why. Ausubel’s Meaningful Learning Theory has greatly influenced my teaching style. I have learned that when teaching ESL students one of the main things that helps students is being able to build off of past knowledge. According to Brown (2000), “David Ausubel contended that learning takes place in the human organism through a meaningful process of relating new events or items to already existing cognitive concepts” (p. 83). Finding something that can relate a student 's past knowledge to their present knowledge can be very helpful for someone trying to learn something completely new, like English....   [tags: Education, Learning, Machine learning, Teacher]

Better Essays
1538 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on Theory, Control And Differential Association Theory

- Which theory, control or differential association theory, better explains why someone exhibits deviant behavior. This is a difficult question as both theories have merit in explaining the deviant behavior being exhibited by individuals in society. Deviant behavior is difficult at times to explain using one theory. This paper will break down the key components of each theory while applying it to the Becker article in helping explain why someone becomes a marijuana user. To start, control theory has four different aspects that explain the bond to society....   [tags: Criminology, Sociology, Explanation, Theory]

Better Essays
1002 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Learning Theory versus Strain Theory

- Over the course of history, sociologists have wondered about the causes of deviance. They all have different conceits of the factors of why an individual engages in deviant behavior. These ideas can all be classified into different categories of theories such as learning theory, social disorganization theory, labeling theory and anomie theory. This paper only focuses on the learning theory and the anomie, or strain theory. The learning theory was developed by Walter B. Miller and the strain theory was created by Robert K....   [tags: Sociology ]

Better Essays
1636 words (4.7 pages)

Benefits Of Technology Enhanced Learning Essay

- - Introduction: The ultimate aim of the education is not only to acquire knowledge but also to apply the knowledge in practice and ideally throughout all aspects of life. However, the complexity is the nature of real-world problems that students will face in their future practices. In such situations, technology can be adopted in Teaching and Learning (T&L) process in order to address complex and real-world problems. Technology-enhanced learning utilises the Information Communication and Technology (ICT) to support and enhance the quality of T&L process....   [tags: Education, Educational psychology, Learning]

Better Essays
1861 words (5.3 pages)

Essay about Applying Learning Theory to Life

- Effective training begins with managers who are able to create an environment that engages different learning types (multiple Intelligences). While it is important, to remember that none can be applied across the panel to all learners in all situations; nevertheless some interconnections are apparent. Blends of pedagogical and embracing various learning panaches help meet the need of a larger portion of the employees. Fundamentally vital is the well-defined material assembled in right sequences that must be presented in a simple positive language with the congruent flow optimally appropriate for the majority of the learners for better learning results....   [tags: effective management training]

Better Essays
1003 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Learning Theory Behaviorism

- THE LEARNING THEORY BEHAVIORISM: BEHAVIORIST GORDON ALLPORT AND BURRHUS SKINNER INTRODUCTION The behavoristic approach has exerted a strong influence on American Psychology. The basic ideas of behaviorism are: human behavior is a product of the Stimulus-Response interaction and that behavior is modifiable. It has triggered scientific experiments and the use of statistical procedures. Most importantly, it has turned the attention of psychology to solving real behavior related problems. The behavorist believe behavior should be explained in terms of environmental stimuli....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Better Essays
2972 words (8.5 pages)