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    world, for a specified time period. It involves goods, services and income, financial claims and liabilities and transfers such as gifts and foreign aid. Balance of Payment involves two kinds of accounts – Trade balance, or for India’s case, Trade Deficit, is a major component of Current Account Deficit. It the output in the economy can be characterised as Y, below equations can be derived as follows: Y = C + I + G + NX NX=Y– (C+ I + G ) NX = (Y– C– G ) – I = S – I Where

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    The U.S. Current Account Deficit

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    deficit of the U.S. current account. A current account is made up of four separate categories, the combined balance of which results in a surplus or deficit. The four categories are: The Merchandise Trade Account, Services, Factor Income, and Unilateral Transfers. Each account either has a surplus or a deficit, depending on whether money is flowing into or out of a particular country. The U.S. Trade Account deficit currently is the largest contributor to the U.S. Current Account deficit. This deficit

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    The United States Current Account Deficit

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    The largest and richest world economy belongs to the United States (“North America,” 2011). Interestingly, this same monstrous economy also holds the title for the largest current account deficit. The U.S. current account deficit is funded from net capital inflows from abroad and has continued to grow throughout the last two decades (Holman, 2001). Economists in the early part of this century theorized that this huge U.S. external deficit was sustainable because it would gradually correct itself

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    The current account deficit is one of major challenges that Indian economy is facing. It has pulled down the economy growth to 4.8% from average growth of 5.5%. The current account records the trade of goods and services of an economy with other countries of the world. It consists of net exchange i.e. exports minus imports of goods, net exchange of services and net transfers to and from the country. Balance of the account before calculating the transfers is also called as balance of trade. X = Exports

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    Current Account Deficits

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    Carbaugh (2011) asks, "Can the United States Continue to Run Current Account Deficits Indefinitely?" (p. 361). Ultimately in the long term the answer is no, but the question could be rephrased to ask: (1) Does the United States' unique position in the world economy allow the country to safely run persistent external deficits? and (2) can persistent U.S. deficits in the current and payments accounts be adjusted without bringing about economic recession or crisis? Japan, China, and Middle Eastern

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    Global savings

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    have on different regions’ GDP, prices, exchange rates and Interest rates? The issue is an unprecedented level of world surplus savings (especially in the Asian economies) that faced with weak investment opportunities serve to fund a growing US current account deficit which creates dangerous world imbalances. The Euro-zone and Japan have slow GDP growth and their savings increase due to a lack of confidence in both financial and social security systems as well as the inability of the private sector

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    from other countries (credits)[1]. The BOP account[2] also shows the balance between these debits and credits under various headings, which are categorized into the Current Account, the Capital Account and the Financial Account, which compose the main elements of balance of payments. The Current Account largely measures flow of real resources including exports and imports of goods and services, income receivable and payable abroad, and current transfers from and to abroad. It is normally

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    and generally current-account surplus was reported to be majorly reduced. As a percentage of GDP, the current account surplus dropped by 2 points to stand at 3%; that is below the 4% surplus benchmark that the US had proposed to be maintained by G-20 members as indication of a stable currency that is not undervalued (Back, 2011). Current account and Capital account are the two major component of Balance of Payment. According to standard growth theories, a persistent current account surplus should

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    Trade Deficit

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    Trade Deficit, 1995). I am interested in the term trade deficit because I want to understand how it affects the United States and o... ... middle of paper ... ... to the debate, and concludes his paper with the discussion of the burden of a trade account deficit. (Batra & Beladi, 2013) explains that it is well known to that nations that have high trade deficits have higher interest rates than those with balanced trade or surplus. They explain that this is now what has been happening with the United

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    The Swedish Banking Crisis

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    of Payments consists of the current account and the financial account. This suggests that the seven and a half billion dollar shift in the trade balance occurred in both of these accounts. After analyzing Sweden’s Balance of Payments spreadsheet, it appears that the majority of the shift was in the financial account. It is important to note that the current account wasn’t particularly affected in relation to the BoP shift; From 1990 to 1991 the change in current accounts went opposite of the BoP shift

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