Covalent Essays

  • Essay On Ionic And Covalent Bonds

    519 Words  | 2 Pages

    Properties of Ionic and Covalent Bonds Explained Within the last unit of Chemistry, the cause of ionic and covalent properties was revealed. The true predictor of the compound lies in the bonds that take place. Normally within an ionic bond there is a non-metal and a metal element bonded together. During the bonding elements completely transfer valence electrons between atoms. The metal within the bond loses the few electrons that it has in the outer-most shell which then causes the metal to

  • Ionic And Covalent Bonding Essay

    973 Words  | 2 Pages

    AYL Question Set 4 Lesson 5: How are ionic and covalent bonding similar? How are they different? You should discuss how they bond and what the major differences are in their nomenclature (the way they are named). Covalent and ionic are two forms of atomic bonds both of which differ in their structure and properties. Firstly, it should be made clear that an atom’s desire is to achieve stability. Most atoms by nature are not balanced electrically. They achieve balance by sharing or transferring their

  • Investigating Covalent Bonds

    666 Words  | 2 Pages

    Investigating Covalent Bonds Covalent bonds are formed when atoms share electrons, one from each atom in a single bond, to form electron pairs, usually making their outermost shells up to eight electrons by this means. This would make them more stable, less reactive and an electronic structure like a noble gas. They are most frequently formed between pairs of non-metallic elements. Non-metallic elements usually have from four to eight electrons in their outermost shells, the so-called

  • The Different Roles of Macromolecules in Biology

    1376 Words  | 3 Pages

    and why they are important in our bodies. Proteins ======== Proteins are polymers of amino acids that are joined head-to-tail in a long chain that is then folded into a three-dimensional structure unique to each type of protein. The covalent linkage between two adjacent amino acids in a protein (or polypeptide) chain is called a peptide bond. There are twenty amino acids that make up proteins. Each amino acid has a typical generic structure as depicted in the diagram 1, the only

  • The Importance of Water

    502 Words  | 2 Pages

    atoms are smaller the smallest atom there is, in fact, and they rest on both sides of the larger oxygen atom at an angle of 105°. When the hydrogen atoms combine with oxygen, they each give away their single electron and form what is known as a covalent bond. Because electrons are more attracted to the positively charged oxygen atom, the two hydrogen's become slightly positively charged (they give away their negative charge) and the oxygen atom becomes negatively charged. This separation between

  • Electrolytes

    607 Words  | 2 Pages

    electricity as solids. These solid electrolytes have ions that can move and carry charges without solvents. There are two ways to be able to have ions that are able to conduct electricity, the dissociation of Ionic Compounds, and the Ionization of Polar Covalent Molecular Substances. The Dissociation of Ionic Compounds is where particles are ionically (electrically) bonded together. They already made out of cations and anions, but in their solid state the ions are locked into position in their crystal structure

  • Atoms

    653 Words  | 2 Pages

    The beginning student of chemistry must have a knowledge of the theory which forms the basis for our understanding of chemistry and he must acquire this knowledge before he has the mathematical background required for a rigorous course of study in quantum mechanics. The present approach is designed to meet this need by stressing the physical or observable aspects of the theory through an extensive use of the electronic charge density. The manner in which the negative charge of an atom or a molecule

  • Rates of Reaction of the Halogenoalkanes

    1629 Words  | 4 Pages

    water, so must be dissolved in ethanol before being treated with any aqueous solutions. Nucleophilic substitution is a reaction in which an electron-donor atom in a molecule is eliminated, and replaced by another which will form a stronger covalent bond in the concerned molecule. Primary halogenoalkanes will undergo nucleophilic substitution with the following mechanism (SN2): Nu – Nucleophile X – Halogen atom A nucleophile is an atom/molecule, which has a lone pair of electrons

  • Ionic and Covalent Bonding

    776 Words  | 2 Pages

    Ionic and Covalent Bonding Ionic and covalent bonding is involved when the atoms of an element chemically combine to make their outer shells full and to make the atoms stable. The first type of bonding you can get is ionic bonding. Electrons are transferred from one atom to another to try and create full outer shells, this gain and loss of electrons on the atoms results in positive and negative ions. In these compounds you get electrostatic force, this is the force/attraction that occurs

  • Covalent and Ionic Compounds

    571 Words  | 2 Pages

    compounds, Ionic compounds and Covalent compounds. Ionic compounds are chemical compounds consisting of two or more ions that are held adjacent to each other by electrical attraction. “One of the ions, called an “anion,” has a negative charge, and the other is called a “cation,” and has a positive charge. “Cations” are usually metallic atoms and “anions” are either atoms of nonmetals or polyatomic ions. “ (1) A polyatomic ion is an ion that contains at least two atoms. A covalent compound is a compound in

  • Some Unusual Properties of Water

    1429 Words  | 3 Pages

    Some Unusual Properties of Water Cohesion/Adhesion Water molecules attract each other as a result of hydrogen bonding. This ionic attraction is 1/20 as strong as covalent bond in water's liquid form. They form, break and re-form with great frequency; each hydrogen bond last only a few trillionths of a second, but the molecules bond promiscuously to a succession of partners. At any instant, a substantial percentage of all the water molecules are bonded to their neighbors, giving water more structure

  • Determination Of An Unknown Amino Acid From Titration

    1749 Words  | 4 Pages

    presence of a zwitterion is made possible due to the basic properties of the NH2 group and the acidic properties of the COOH group. The amine group (NH2) is Lewis base because it has a lone electron pair which makes it susceptible to a coordinate covalent bond with a hydrogen ion. Also, the carboxylic group is a Lewis acidic because it is able to donate a hydrogen ion (Kotz et al., 1996). Other forms of amino acids also exist. Amino acids may exists as acidic or basic salts. For example, if the glycine

  • Energy Produced by Burning Five Alcohols

    1649 Words  | 4 Pages

    exothermic reaction can be of two types. The first could be ionic, where a metal is produced. Ionic bonding involves electrons transferring from one atom to the other consequently leaving an electrostatic force between them. The other form of bonding is covalent where atoms share electrons to complete their outer orbit. An example being Methane where four hydrogen atoms each share an electron with a carbon atom. GRAPH Alcohol The method that I will use is as follows: · Measure 100cm of water in to a

  • Detection Of Biological Molecules

    1482 Words  | 3 Pages

    Biological Molecules Introduction: Without carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, sulfur, oxygen and phosphorus, life wouldn't exist. These are the most abundant elements in living organisms. These elements are held together by covalent bonds, ionic bonds, hydrogen bonds, and disulfide bonds. Covalent bonds are especially strong, thus, are present in monomers, the building blocks of life. These monomers combine to make polymers, which is a long chain of monomers strung together. Biological molecules can be distinguished

  • Molecular Structures

    1583 Words  | 4 Pages

    Covalent Bonding and Molecular Geometry Objective The objective of this exercise is to help in understanding the geometric relationships of atoms in simple molecules and the relationship of hybridization to the geometry present. Discussion In the last 30 years, data obtained from spectrometric measurements, Xray and electron diffraction studies, and other experiments have yielded precise information about bond distances, angles, and energies. In many cases, the data confirmed conclusions

  • Notes On Hydrogen Bonding

    2788 Words  | 6 Pages

    HYDROGEN BOND By- Abhinav priyadarshi (IPM2013005) Shivam Kumar Arya (IPM2013122) Definition of Hydrogen Bonding- Hydrogen bond is the interaction between a hydrogen atom from a molecule and an another atom or a group of atom which may be of the same or a different molecule. Example- In general a hydrogen bond is depicted as- Let X–H be a molecule

  • Dative Bonding Essay

    831 Words  | 2 Pages

    Introduction to covalent bonding A covalent bond is a chemical bond formed between two atoms that shares one pair of electrons. The atoms are maintained together since the pair of electrons is attracted to both atoms’ nuclei. In this covalent bond there are two types of covalent bonding. They are single covalent bond and double covalent bond. A single covalent bond is a covalent bond that involves the sharing of one pair of electrons between two atoms. On the other hand, a double covalent bond is a covalent

  • Chemical Reactions And Chemical Bonds Essay

    1358 Words  | 3 Pages

    hold particles together. The changes in the way electrons distribute out between atoms ends up as a chemical reaction and results in the forming of new chemical bonds. There are three main types of chemical bonds in chemistry. They are ionic bonds, covalent bonds, and metallic bonds. Ionic bonds are existent between metal and non metal atoms. They are formed by the exchange of electrons which forms charged particles called ions. Metal atoms usually use their outer electrons when they react with other

  • Caffeine: Experiment 5 Covalent Molecules

    518 Words  | 2 Pages

    Jacob Helget Experiment 5 Covalent Molecules Section 12 – Thursday 2:00-4:45 Lab Instructor: William Bott Caffeine Caffeine is a very interesting chemical. Caffeine is found in many places including coffee plant, tea leaves, kola nuts and cocoa (1). Humans then process these plants into food stuff that contains caffeine such as tea, coffee and chocolate. Caffeine is composed of 14 atoms with a molecular formula of C8H10N4O2. It is one of the few central nervous system stimulants still legal in

  • Chapter 8 essay

    993 Words  | 2 Pages

    classification of different types of bonds includes ionic and covalent bonds. Although there are more types of bonds such as coordinate covalent, network covalent, and metallic we focused mostly on covalent and ionic bonds. The classification of these different types of bonds is not a complicated concept. They are classified by what they bond with and whether they are polar or non polar. For example to classify a covalent bond as a covalent bond it would have to be a non-metal element plus another non-metal