## Calculators

Calculators Calculators in the Classroom As the world changes and grows, more things are created to make people's everyday lives easier. One tool that can be used in school to help facilitate math is the calculator. This technology allows students to use a machine to obtain answers instead of using PPA (Paper and Pencil Arithmetic). Like any technology, there is fear on how to best use it to help facilitate growth in students. If the calculator is used properly in the classroom, it can

## Calculator Essay

issue of calculators weakens very important math skills early in the developmental period in their education. So, the intriguing question becomes: Does using a calculator help or harm our students? We now investigate studies reported in the literature which have delved into these questions with very convincing arguments. Before 1975 calculators in the classroom were not common, as they were rare and expensive (Banks, 2011, p.7). However, during the 1980’s some states were providing calculators to students

## Calculator Essay

pencil and paper. Eventually, calculators took over the method of using pencil and paper. Calculators were first made in 1642 by a French mathematician, Blaise Pascal. According to the article, “Who Made the First Calculator,” calculators were created for the usage of helping a person add and subtract numbers without using their hands (“Who made the first calculator”). However, they were not introduced into classrooms due to the cost, size, and appearance of the calculator. Eventually they became sleeker

## Advantage Of A Calculator

several ways, it may also set it back in others. Calculators being used in math classes are one example of the technology that remains unbeneficial for society. The benefit is students solve problems faster, yet calculators diminish the crucial points of why students utilize them. According to Christina Sheets’ experiment, restricting the employment of a calculator of four months improved the average final exam scores from 88.4% to 91.7%. Calculators impair learning the concepts behind the math and

## Importance Of Calculators

Many researchers have noted that teachers are central to the intelligent use of calculators in schools, and thus will need well-designed support to ensure that calculators are appropriately used. Some of this support will take the form of professional development of various kinds, but it will also be necessary for materials to be developed to suit the needs of teachers in classrooms. As suggested by Kissane (2003), teachers need to be confident users of technology themselves before they will effectively

## Role of Calculators in Schools

tests. The initial purpose for schools in this department is for the students to see and understand the practical uses of it, however it is controversial that the use of teaching with calculators changes this idea. In the short essay Ditch the Calculators, the author Diane Hunsaker insinuates that the overuse of calculators in math class defeats the ultimate goal of education: expanding the mind and increasing students abilities to function as contributing members of society. As society enters the twenty-first

## Calculator Use in Secondary Mathematics Classes

HP-35, the world’s first scientific pocket calculator at a cost of $395 (Hewlett-Packard, 2007). As advances in technology increase so has its accessibility. Currently, a scientific calculator will cost about $12. Additionally, anyone with internet access also has access not only to free scientific calculators but graphing calculators as well. Let’s not forget iPhones and all of the calculator apps that are ready for download. Needless to say calculators are readily available to students of all

## HP-48SX Scientific Expandable Calculator

Scientific Expandable Calculator History The HP-48SX Scientific Expandable calculator was manufactured by Hewlett Packard and the copyright is dated 1989. At the time of release, the HP-48 series was the most advanced line of scientific calculators available to those in the technical fields. I purchased the calculator in 1991 through a high school mathematics program. It has been used extensively since then for virtually every class I have taken. So far, the calculator has never malfunctioned

## Math Research Paper

Math Research Paper Since the 1980’s calculator use in the classroom has been a huge controversy between educators (Golden, 2000). It is becoming increasingly common to use calculators in the classroom on a regular basis. Some states allow students to use calculators on standardized tests and as part of the regular curriculum (Dion, 2001). Because we live in such a technologically changing world, hand held calculators have been far surpassed and can be purchased for as low as $4.00 each. This

## Philosophy of Technology Integration

Over the past few years technology has taken on a whole new meaning. We have moved from the days of chalkboards, to whiteboards, to interactive whiteboards. Our students seem to be more computer savvy than their teachers. Home telephones are starting to become a thing of the past, and cell phones have turned into mini-computers. Technological geniuses have even tried to eliminate books by creating electronic books, for example the Kindle and Nook. It has become pretty evident that being technologically

## Psychology and Computers

many aspects of Psychology. Let us start with the basic computer which is the calculator. We Psychology major’s use the calculator all the time, particularly in the class of test and measurements, are shown how to administer a test to students, adults, etc… Then shown to calculate the different results and the different formulas we use and what the formulas mean. We also use the calculator, especially a calculator with graphing functions, to make graphs and to see what the math formula actually

## The History Of Computers

scales. This slide ruler could do such calculations as division, multiplication, roots, and logarithms. Soon after came some more advanced computers. In 1642 came Blaise Pascal's computer, the Pascaline. It was considered to be the first automatic calculator. It consisted of gears and interlocking cogs. It was so that you entered the numbers with dials. It was originally made for his father, a tax collector.2 Then he went on to build 50 more of these Pascaline's, but clerks would not uses them.3 They

## Characteristics Of Professional Service Firm

accounting profession began to take on a whole new look. Computers and accounting software has changed the industry completely. With programs such as Microsoft Excel an accountant now had an electronic spreadsheet. The need for adding machines, calculators, ledgers and pencils was eliminated. The job became less tedious with less of a margin for error. The core training for accountants which included the basic accounting, auditing and tax preparation was a thing of the past. With use of the computer

## Numeracy Essay

last decade, the Australian curriculum has witness an influx of new digital tools to assist mathematical teaching and learning. The common calculator, which is becoming increasing cheap and readily available, and its usage within the primary school curriculum is often put at the forefront of this debate (Groves, 1994). The argument against the usage of the calculator suggests that it makes students lazy ... ... middle of paper ... ...nd dynamic changes in the competitive nature of the job market

## Elementary Classroom Observation

For this field assignment, I chose to observe a seventh grade self-contained math class at William A Morris I.S 61 on Staten Island. I am currently a substitute teacher at the school and has worked at this school for approximately two years. For the purpose of this observations, I worked with Mr. Karl Knutsen, a 6th and 7th grade math, special education and technology supervisor at the school. Mr. Knutsen has been a teacher for seven years and has worked in I.S 61 for five. He currently teaches all

## Analysis Of Math Assistive Technology Devices

education, I’m going to focus on devices that are designed for use in the elementary level education. The devices I will focus on are Talking Calculator, The Basic Ten Blocks, and Tangrams. These tools have become most widely used primarily because of cost effectiveness, and easy assessability of the products. • Talking Calculator – is a basic calculator that has a built in speech synthesizer that will read the numbers, symbols, and operation keys out loud during use. The auditory feedback helps

## Technology: a Hindrance or a Help?

advancements in our world today it has also put humans at a disadvantage. Laziness and isolation are one of the few products of technology, the human brain has become idle and lazy not using as much power and energy now that new inventions such as the calculator and cell phone are being used by the masses. True, technology has made life and work easier but it has also made it infinitely harder when those new advancements are taken away. Yes, new technology in the medical fields has saved lives but it has

## History of the Computer

computer has been termed for over 2000 years. In the beginning, a wooden rack holding strings by two horizontal bars was the very first calculator recorded. The beads were manually moved around by the user and were only used by the user who knew the rules of programming in order for the wooden calculator to be accurate. It is said that the wooden calculator was able to do all regular arithmetic (Meyers 2001). The many different parts of a computer as we now know it did not just appear in one

## Assistive Technology In Dyslexia

up to the plot of the s... ... middle of paper ... ...Raskind and Stanberry (2010) state, “the auditory feedback may help a student check the accuracy of the keys he presses and verify the answer” (p. 1), which clarifies that these special calculators can positively affect students. A “Flash Master” (Qbukowicz, 2009, p. 16) is similar to flash cards and is used as a game. Just like flash cards, this assistive technology is used to help students memorize different math equations. This device reinforces

## Using Technology for Research and Learning in the Field of Education

tool used in education. “During the past three decades, computers have become the most talked about, written about, and ubiquitous machines ever to be imposed upon mankind.”( Rockart, 1995, p. 55). The ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator) is said to be the first computer. It was a “huge machine having thousands of vacuum tubes and consuming vast amounts of electrical power.” ( Merrill, 1996, p.54). By the early 1970’s, the regular computer was invented. Around the same time, something