Amino Acids Essays

  • Essay On Amino Acids

    751 Words  | 2 Pages

    Amino acids are the building blocks of the body that make up proteins. Proteins substances are built of twenty amino acids that form the muscle, organs, glands, tendons, nails and hair. On the other hand, amino acids are classified into two groups; these groups are essential and non-essential amino acids. Amino acids that are obtained from food are called essential amino acids, and amino acids that our bodies produce from other sources are called non-essential amino acids. Also the key elements of

  • Importance Of Amino Acids

    1601 Words  | 4 Pages

    the balance of bodily functions and cause a variety of serious health problems. Amino acids are the chemical units, also known as "building blocks," that comprise proteins. They are also the end products of protein hydrolysis. Amino acids are unique from sugars and fatty acids because they contain approximately 16 percent nitrogen. Proteins are essential to life because they provide structure to all living organisms. Protein participates in vital chemical processes in various forms. Proteins are

  • Analysis of Amino Acids by Paper Chromatography

    929 Words  | 2 Pages

    Analysis of Amino Acids by Paper Chromatography Introduction- Proteins may be thought of natural polymers of amino acids, as the composition of proteins is of amino acids. The technique known as paper chromatography is used to separate amino acids for analysis. In this technique small spots of amino acids are introduced to a piece of porous filter paper. The bottom of the paper is then placed in a small bath of an appropriate solvent. The solvent is allowed to rise up the paper. The

  • Essential Amino Acids as Ergogenic Aids

    1477 Words  | 3 Pages

    Amino Acids Amino acids are considered the building blocks of proteins. Breaking down protein will yield 22 known amino acids. There are three types of amino acids. These are indispensable(essential), conditionally dispensable, and dispensable. Conditionally dispensable amino acids can be synthesized from other amino acids by our bodies. Dispensable amino acids are considered non-essential. Amino acids are "one of the six basic nutrients our body needs". Essential Amino Acids acids are central

  • Dr. Akabas and Amino Acid Residues Lining the CFTR

    718 Words  | 2 Pages

    Dr. Akabas and his colleagues wrote an article about the amino acid residues lining the chloride channel of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator, or CFTR. In 1994, the time when this essay was published, the structures and functions of the cytoplasmic domains have been extensively studied but very little was known about the 12 membrane spanning segments and their relationship to the chloride channel. Mutations in certain residues were also known to be associated with mild clinical

  • Branched Chain Amino Acids On Sports Performance

    1197 Words  | 3 Pages

    legal, apart from being safe and effective. Examples of such aids include branched chain amino acids, creatine, medium chain triglycerides, pyruvates and vitamins. I. What are Branched chain amino acids? Branched chain amino acids (BCAA) are amino acids whose molecular structure is made up of branched aliphatic side chains. Three amino acids occurring in humans, viz. valine, leucine and isoleucine, are essential BCAAs. They are essential

  • Amino Acid Lab Report

    641 Words  | 2 Pages

    The amino acids are stained purple and from this we can measure relative distance traveled (RF) to determine which amino acids are present in each sample. The more hydrophobic the amino acid the the further up the paper it appears this is why leucine is above alanine. Alanine is more hydrophobic than glutamate which is at the bottom of the paper chromatography. The paper chromatography proved that only sample A had everything required for the GPT reaction to occur. This was indicated by the presence

  • Determination Of An Unknown Amino Acid From Titration

    1749 Words  | 4 Pages

    Determination of An Unknown Amino Acid From Titration Abstract Experiment 11 used a titration curve to determine the identity of an unknown amino acid. The initial pH of the solution was 1.96, and the pKa’s found experimentally were 2.0, 4.0, and 9.85. The accepted pKa values were found to be 2.10, 4.07, and 9.47. The molecular weight was calculated to be 176.3 while the accepted value was found to be 183.5. The identity of the unknown amino acid was established to be glutamic acid, hydrochloride. Introduction

  • Bioinformatics - Solving Biological Problems Using DNA and Amino Acid Sequences

    3063 Words  | 7 Pages

    Bioinformatics - Solving Biological Problems Using DNA and Amino Acid Sequences 1. Introduction In the wake of Genomic revolution, biology that used to be a lab-based science has transformed to embrace Information science. Human Genome Project is a 13-year project focusing on identifying approximately 30,000 genes in human DNA. The information found is stored in databases, analyzed and used for different purposes like simplifying diagnosis of disease, earlier detection of genetic predisposition

  • Lab Report: The Four Unknown Amino Acids

    863 Words  | 2 Pages

    buret to allow for continuous stirring of the sample and easy titration. Although all four unknown amino acids will be titrated, grab just one to begin with, weigh 800 mg of it, and record the weight. From there, proceed to dissolve the unknown with 30 mL water in a 50mL volumetric flask. Once fully dissolved, dilute to volume with more distilled water. Transfer 40.0 mL of the unknown amino acid solution to 100 mL beaker, add in the stir bar, and place on stop of the heating plate. Properly set

  • Essay On Haemoglobin

    1249 Words  | 3 Pages

    provides a binding site for oxygen. • Haemoglobin is made of primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures. o Primary structure of haemoglobin- This is the first level of protein structure. Haemoglobin is made up through the linking of amino acids which form polypeptide chains

  • The Origin of Life

    1608 Words  | 4 Pages

    The origin of Life There are many theories where life came from, but none of them is proven to be the right one. The obvious theory that life originated on earth is not accepted by everyone. One reason of disbelief in this theory that life originated on earth is a lack of time. It was an early belief that life originated through a slow and long process (many scientists do not share this belief though), probably too short and too long for the time life had on our planet. Life must have been formed

  • Insulin Receptor

    2202 Words  | 5 Pages

    Diabetes is a disease that affects millions of Americans everyday. As the years go on, diabetes is becoming more and more prevalent within America. Ongoing research is being done to gain valuable intellect on the disease and for the development of treatments for the disease. There are a few different causes of diabetes but each involves contact with insulin and insulin receptor on some level, since insulin and insulin receptor are involved in the pathway that regulates glucose levels within the

  • The Structure of Proteins

    1526 Words  | 4 Pages

    Campbell and Farrell define proteins as polymers of amino acids that have been covalently joined through peptide bonds to form amino acid chains (61). A short amino acid chain comprising of thirty amino acids forms a peptide, and a longer chain of amino acids forms a polypeptide or a protein. Each of the amino acids making up a protein, has a fundamental design that comprises of a central carbon or alpha carbon that is bonded to a hydrogen element, an amino grouping, a carboxyl grouping, and a unique side

  • Importance Of Protein Synthesis

    734 Words  | 2 Pages

    et al. 334). This happens by using an mRNA template to specify the order of amino acids. Protein synthesis starts on the free ribosomes within the cytosol. The signal sequence that initiates the process is located at the N-terminal end of the polypeptide chain. Different codons along the mRNA are translated into amino acids as a ribosome moves along it. Then, tRNAs act as adapters to control the movement of amino acids to the ribosome. This occurs through the base pairings of the codons of the mRNA

  • 1. What Is The Most Important Inorganic Compounds?

    948 Words  | 2 Pages

    three fatty acids and one molecule of glycerol, or alcohol. Waxes are composed of a long fatty acid chain and an alcohol chain. Steroids are made of four carbon rings, and are found in asthma medications and venoms from many poisionous creatures. 13. What are the main elements found in proteins? Proteins are made up from the elements Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Nitrogen, or C,H,O,N. 14. The elements form compounds that are the monomers of proteins. These monomers are called amino acids and have

  • Protein Nutrition

    2000 Words  | 4 Pages

    Protein Protein is the basis for all life on Earth. Without it, nothing would survive. It is important for growth and development (Eltz & Zieve, 2013, p. 1). It can be defined as any of a class of nitrogenous organic compounds that consists of long amino acid chains that are essential to any living organism. Protein is mainly used to construct, maintain, and fix body tissues. Nutritional Value Protein can include different amounts of nutritive value. For example, plant protein has less nutrition than

  • Protein Folding Theory

    967 Words  | 2 Pages

    function. Each polypeptide is part of a single, linear chain of amino acids that are bonded by peptide bonds. The amino acid sequence of these polymer chains encodes the sequence of genes. These different genes can code for proteins that make enzymes, muscle structure, and even mechanical functions. Protein primary structure is composed of amino acid residues. There are 20 different amino acids that can compose this amino acid sequence. The non-covalent interactions and the structure of the

  • proteins

    542 Words  | 2 Pages

    made up of smaller units called amino acids, which are made from the 20 amino acids. What makes proteins differ from one another is the specific sequence of amino acids and their three-dimensional structure. There are four distinct structures a protein can have which are primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary. As proteins begin to form during the primary stage they start out in a linear chain of amino acids. In the secondary structure the linear chain of amino acids begins to twist. In the tertiary

  • Ketosis Case Study

    1122 Words  | 3 Pages

    000 different proteins with various forms functions, and structures. Each of these proteins contains some of the same 20 amino acids. In normal conditions, cellular proteins are recycled in the cytosol, peptide bonds are broken, and the free amino acids are used in new proteins. If other energy sources are inadequate, mitochondria can generate ATP by breaking down amino acids in the TCA cycle. The average ATP yield is similar to that o... ... middle of paper ... ...e concentrations in blood and