Human cloning generally has three main categories: therapeutic cloning, reproductive cloning and replacement cloning ("Cloning Fact Sheet). The process is generally defined as the making of duplicates of biological material through genetic engineering or manipulation. The most common means of cloning is called somatic cell nuclear transfer. This type of cloning (also known as reproductive cloning) occurs when an exact copy of an animal or human is made that is an exact copy of its original just delayed in time (Johnson). Although there have been many attempts to actually clone a human, none have officially been reported as being successful. This has led to many countries either adopting or attempting to adopt regulations which prohibit human cloning based on scientific as well as ethical reasons. In 1997, the National Bioethics Advisory Commission, an American company, expressed an official opinion stating it was morally wrong to clone anything. As a result, all studies were closed (Hanna).
There are many dangers to cloning. The foremost danger is that many of the subjects which have been attempted to be cloned have either died in utero or at one of the last stages of development prior to birth (Johnson). In the off chance the subject survives birth, all of them hav...
... middle of paper ...
"Human Cloning." United States Department of Health and Human Services. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 12 Feb. 1998. Web. 23 Nov. 2011.
Rau, Alia Beard. "Bill Eyes Ban on Cloning, 'Hybrids'." Arizona Republic (Phoenix, AZ). 13 Mar 2010:B.1. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 06 Dec 2011.
Connor, Steve. "This Procedure Can't Be Ethical Until It Is Proven Safe." The Independent (London, England). 22 Apr 2009: 2. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 07 Dec 2011.
Hopkins, Patrick D. "Bad Copies: How Popular Media Represent Cloning As an Ethical Problem." Hastings Center Report. March/April 1998: 6-13. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 07 Dec 2011.
Dobson, Patrick. "Stem Cell Dilemma." National Catholic Reporter. 18 Jun 2004: 13+. SIRS Issues Researcher.Web. 07 Dec 2011.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Effects of Cloning on the Actual Clone Abstract An examination of the side-effects of cloning from the actual clone?s point of view. Focusing on the female cloned sheep Dolly (1995-2001) and her development under the unusual conditions in which she was raised that resulted in a premature euthenization. Not only is the process of conception brought into consideration, but also the living conditions and interactions between Dolly and other creatures is detailed. The resulting behavioral development of the sheep is then weighed and the death of Dolly attributed to not the cloning process, but the propaganda and attention given the actual sheep.... [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Clone]
1375 words (3.9 pages)
- Janette Echegaray California State University Long Beach To Clone or not to Clone. Imagine you wake up and have no memory of yesterday or of anyone. You would be like a human baby experiencing tabula rasa- a blank slate that has nothing written on it (Taylor, 2011). That is how human and animal clones would feel. However, it does not seem to matter to us, we continue to try to clone anything we can. We love the idea of having two things look exactly alike, and even more importantly, being able to be the ones to create it.... [tags: Cloning, Cell, DNA, Developmental biology]
2327 words (6.6 pages)
- To Clone or Not to Clone The term cloning evokes powerful emotions in the eyes of the American public. It has been a controversial subject that has caused international uproar on numerous occasions. The term cloning is defined as an individual formed by some asexual process so that it is genetically identical to an already existing or previously existing individual (Barnes). However, there are three different types of cloning: reproductive cloning, recombinant DNA cloning and therapeutic cloning.... [tags: Genetics]
645 words (1.8 pages)
- Human Cloning refers to creating a genetically identical copy of an organism including its DNA. It incorporates with Asexual Reproduction tricking a somatic cell into reproducing into an embryo, which later transforms into a human clone. The ethics of cloning is an extremely controversial issue. Many disagree because of their religious manner and considering it “playing with god” while others debate it is a good idea because it assists woman who are infertile with a blessing of children. However, Human Cloning should be illegal because of its health risks, loss of gene diversity and the divisive issue; playing with God.... [tags: stem cell research, genetic engineering]
641 words (1.8 pages)
- Axibnb - Airbnb Clone Script Axibnb by Dectar The Axibnb Airbnb Clone is a specialized rental accommodation and Peer-2-Peer (P2P) script adapted from the award winning Airbnb software. The parties involved in completing the accommodation service matrix are the site administrator, host and guest or visitor. The Axibnb clone comes with a host of incredible features designed to help the host pick whom to host and the guest to pick the most suitable accommodation using the information provided. The system administrator is charged with running the rental accommodation site to ensure everything runs smoothly.... [tags: Property, Renting, The Guest, Ownership]
1826 words (5.2 pages)
- Does the Constitution guarantee the right to clone. Recent scientific innovations, and projected legislation, have raised questions about the character of the constitutional right to fruitful freedom, and above all, concerning whether or not there's a constitutional “right to clone.” (Cass R. Sunstein) For functions of substantive due process of law, the primary question is whether or not the proper to clone counts as a basic right, one with that the government will interfere solely to safeguard a “compelling” interest.... [tags: constitutional right, cloning, embryo]
2408 words (6.9 pages)
- Clone Cloning is defined by Webster is “a cell, cell product, or organism that is identical to the unit or individual it was asexually derived” (Webster 150). The actual process of cloning is considerably easier because of trial and error. This process can be helpful and can be deadly in the right hands. In this light, the ethics of cloning has, is, and will be one of the hottest topics of all time. The clone has many different meanings in the modern world. The past identified a clone as something that that was copied from an original item or product.... [tags: Science Genetics Biology DNA Essays]
782 words (2.2 pages)
- Pre-Mature Decision Millions of people pour into movie theatres every weekend to view movies about sports, romance, politics, and Science Fiction. While most of these movies are meant exclusively for entertainment, occasionally people will leave a theatre believing what they had viewed. Science fiction movies do this very well, especially when it comes to the topic of cloning. These movies from time to time have involved cloning machines, where a character walks into the machine and out he comes along with his clone.... [tags: essays research papers]
940 words (2.7 pages)
- In recent decades, questions about genetic engineering, genetic modification, and cloning of animals and humans are on the minds of many. On February 27, 1997 when Dr. Ian Wilmut and his team sent chills down our spine with the announcement of the first successfully cloned sheep Dolly. At this time the reality of animal cloning stared us in the face while the human cloning was just around the corner. Have you ever imagined what life would be like if we could eliminate human problems. This is the question that arises when the issue of human cloning or human cloning of the organs is brought up.... [tags: Papers]
575 words (1.6 pages)
- Should We Clone Cloning is a scientific process that has miraculous potential to better humans and other species alike: however, the resounding negative repercussions far outweigh these potential benefits. Cloning is biologically defined as the construction of a special chromosome by somatic cell fusion, cytogenetic manipulation, or organelle introduction into cells by means of genetic microsurgery. (Funk & Wagnall¹s, 1) This process has been completed successfully although the accuracy, precision, and consistency are lacking.... [tags: Papers]
908 words (2.6 pages)