Realists believe that the state is the dominant actor in the international system and that the state can use force to get what it needs. Realists believe that a state’s external relations should be based more cautiously on a basis of military and economic strength, also known as “hard power” (31). Realists are very cynical when it comes to world affairs; instead of seeing nations coming together to work and make peace, they see the unending threat of conflict and war. Realist be...
... middle of paper ...
...x interdependence uses other resources such as international organizations and transnational actors as their major instruments, which they find more effective than using force.
Even though, complex interdependence does hinder some of the realist ideas, both theories produce different political outcomes. With complex interdependence, there are multiple goals to pursue; with more actors in play, each actor will pursue his or her own goal. Complex interdependence may have been created as a possible solution to the way the realist approached national sovereignty but there is no plausible way to take out the military force out all because at some point war and conflict is unavoidable.
Johnson, Loch K. 1942-. American Foreign Policy and the Challenges of World Leadership. Power, Principle, and the Constitution. New York: Oxford UP, 2015. Print.
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