The Decline of the Holy Roman Empire Essay

The Decline of the Holy Roman Empire Essay

Length: 3130 words (8.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Research Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Holy Roman Empire was an empire in central Europe consisting of many territories and ethnicities. Once very powerful, the empire’s authority slowly decreased over centuries and by the Middle Ages the emperor was little more than a figurehead, allowing princes to govern smaller sections of the empire. Though the various ruling princes owed loyalty to the emperor, they were also granted a degree of independence and privileges. The emperor, an elected monarch, needed the allegiance of the princes and other aristocracy to support him, in turn giving them power or money. This tenuous allegiance between powers was greatly strained in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries as religious reform dominated Europe and religious tensions divided the empire. Beginning in the sixteenth century, the empire’s power significantly declined because of the Protestant Reformation. The Reformation split the empire’s states into Protestant and Catholic divisions, straining the peace between territories. Though the relationship between the princes and the emperor had already been tenuous, the princes, seeing the religious divisions, sensed weakness in the empire and further challenged imperial authority. The Holy Roman emperors battled Protestant princes in Germany into the seventeenth century, where tensions were still high from the Reformation and wars of religion – initially contained to the German territories – began to include other territories and states. As more European states joined the conflict, the Holy Roman Empire continued to deteriorate. From the early sixteenth to the mid seventeenth century, the Holy Roman Empire’s power declined greatly because of its internal religious rifts, conflicts (in particular the Thirty Years War, whic...

... middle of paper ...

...> *

Crankshaw, Edward. The Habsburgs. New York: Viking, 1971. Print.

Greengrass, Mark. The Longman Companion to The European Reformation, C. 1500-1618. London: Longman, 1998. Print.

Hsia, R. Po-chia. Social Discipline in the Reformation: Central Europe 1550-1750. London: Routledge, 1989. Print.

Linder, Robert Dean. The Reformation Era. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2008. Print.

McElwee, W. L. The Reign of Charles V: 1516-1558. London: Macmillan and, 1936. Print.

Scribner, Bob. “Popular Propaganda for the German Reformation.” History Today 1 October 1982: 10-14. Print.

“The Twelve Articles of the Peasants.” 1525. TS. Marxists Internet Archive. The Peasant War in Germany. Web. 11 Nov. 2015.

“Treaty of Westphalia.” 1648. TS. Lillian Goldman Law Library, New Haven. The Avalon Project - Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy. Web. 17 Nov. 2015.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Rome 's Influence On The Roman Empire Essay

- Once Rome was a land empire the republic encountered many other Mediterranean cultures. These cultures include Egypt, Greece, Celts and many more. Rome adopted different ideas from these cultures and incorporated them to shape the Roman Empire we know today. The Romans accepted these new cultures as a new way of living and a standard norm as the Roman Empire continued. Whether they learned or stole these ideas, they all assist in the Roman culture. Some of the characteristics that were brought to the Roman culture include coinage, religion, architecture, art, clothing, and many others....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Greeks, Roman Republic]

Research Papers
1558 words (4.5 pages)

Essay about The Decline of the Byzatine Empire

- The Decline of the Byzantine Empire During the 5th century, the Roman Empire lost its western territories leaving only the Byzantine Empire remaining. In 565 A.D., Byzantine’s emperor, Justinian I, and his wife Theodora, expanded territory from Constantinople into parts of Europe, Asia and Africa in attempt to recover western land and re-create the Roman Empire. Although Justinian’s advances were shot-lived, the Byzantine Empire’s economic base continued to grow under his rule. For instance, trade was plentiful, silk production was often stolen from China and both the military and economy were superior compared to other empires....   [tags: war, crusades, Ottomans]

Research Papers
649 words (1.9 pages)

Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire Essay examples

- The Romans were on one of the greatest people of all. They had power, wealth, and even a half of the world. They built one of the strongest and vast empire that world has ever seen. They came from nothing to something awesome. It started of as a city and ended up being one of the greatest empire of all. This essay is going to focus on the Roman Empire from the rise to the fall and the government, architecture, mythology, Family Structure, and Food of the Romans. As the story goes, Rome was founding in 753 B.C....   [tags: essays research papers]

Research Papers
1095 words (3.1 pages)

The Renaissance and Italy's Decline Essay

- The Renaissance and Italy's Decline Definition: The period in European civilization immediately following the Middle Ages, conventionally held to have been characterized by a surge of interest in classical learning and values. Set in the city-states of Italy in the fourteenth, fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, the constant uncertainty, both economic and political, and extreme volatility of the historical situation provided the material for new intellectual, cultural, and social experiments that would at their conclusion provide the means of constructing a new European mono-cultural identity, one focused on humanistic studies, science, and the arts....   [tags: European Renaissance Essays]

Research Papers
1604 words (4.6 pages)

Essay about Reasons Of The Decline Of Roman Empire

- Reasons of Roman Decline Roman Empire was one of the greatest and the largest ruling party. Roman Empire lasted for more than 500 years. After nearly half millennium of rule, the roman finally lost their grip on Europe in the 5th century (The History of the Decline and fall of the Roman Empire, Gibbon). There were a lot of factors and cause which led to the fall of Roman Empire. Not all the factors were that important or more accurately leading to roman fall, not all the Factor had an equal impact on roman fall....   [tags: Roman Empire, Decline of the Roman Empire]

Research Papers
1094 words (3.1 pages)

The Decline Of The Roman Empire Essay

- ... This issue is still around today and can be portrayed throughout the business world. Although we have much better ways of communication we still fail to do so. My dad is a self-employed farmer. He has been very involved in his business, Hogquest, since the day it was founded. Over the years, he has come to realize that communication is key when working. Lack of communication has, in the past, been a problem for him. Especially in his particular field. Fall and Spring are the seasons where communication becomes crucial, failing to communicate could potentially delay the harvest and ruin the crop....   [tags: Roman Empire, Decline of the Roman Empire]

Research Papers
1017 words (2.9 pages)

Order Out of Chaos Essay

- Volatility in the West during the ninth and tenth centuries drove Europeans to strive for a more stable way of life. The institution of feudalism and St. Benedict’s monastic Rule arose in response to this problem and provided what the scattered kingdoms of the old Roman Empire were struggling to achieve. The death of Charlemagne, the succession of power to his son, Louis, and the signing of the Treaty of Verdun began the collapse of the strong and united Europe that had formerly been in place. Soon after the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire the West started to face a myriad of problems....   [tags: History, Roman Empire, Charlemagne]

Research Papers
1283 words (3.7 pages)

The Decline Of The Roman Empire Essay

- ... Rather than influence positive growth in Roman society, Christianity caused it to crumble. Barbarians who were settling within the Roman border claimed Christianity and the Vandals, Visigoths, and Alan 's became Christian. These looting hordes began destroying any work of civilization within the empire that they saw as pagan, unchristian, and unholy. This destruction greatly weakened the state structures within the empire. Christians of the time were also encouraged to abandon their faith in earthly systems and place their faith in God in hopes of being rewarded in heaven....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Roman Republic]

Research Papers
1632 words (4.7 pages)

Essay on The Decline Of The Roman Empire

- To many people, the mention of the Roman Empire invokes thoughts of gladiators, debauchery, and the abuse of power. To others, it brings visualizations of classical statues, beautiful temples, and mythological gods. The Roman Empire was all of that and more. The saying, “Rome wasn’t built in a day” is true and its fall and decline happened gradually as well. Ancient Rome has inspired volumes of historical works, theatrical plays, and even movies in more recent times. More specifically, its fall and decline have fascinated people for centuries and there are harbingers who warn of current political trends that mimic Rome’s mistakes....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Augustus]

Research Papers
910 words (2.6 pages)

Roman Barbarians and Christians Essay

- Roman Barbarians and Christians The Middle Ages came about as a result of the fusion of what remained from the Roman Empire, the indigenous 'barbaric' peoples of Europe and the rise of Christian society. Each one of these elements played a major role in the development of the medieval society. The Roman Empire had been the authority in Europe for more than 400 years when its collapse in the west finally came about. As a result of this 400+ year span of time that Rome dominated the region, it has lasting effects on the peoples of Western Europe after its collapse....   [tags: Papers]

Research Papers
972 words (2.8 pages)