Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Koenigsberger, H.G. A History of Europe. Harlow: Logman Group, 1987. Lamm, Robert C. The Humanities in Western Civilisation, Forth Edition.
The Catholic Study Bible. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990. Walter A. Elwell, ed. Evangelical Commentray on the Bible. Grand Rapdis, MI: Baker Book House 1989.
INTRODUCTION King Henry VIII was an important figure in helping to kick start the Reformation in England, even though it was not his intent. His break with the Papacy and his constantly changing ideas on how the new Church of England should be run gave the Protestants the foothold they needed to gain popularity in Europe. Although his intentions were purely politically motivated, he started a change in the way the layman viewed the church and how it should be run. THE LIFE OF HENRY VIII Henry VIII was born on June 28, 1491 to the King Henry VII of England and Queen Elizabeth of York. He was the second son and his elder brother Arthur and his bride Catherine of Aragon inherited the throne upon his father’s death.2 In 1502, shortly after ascending the throne, Arthur died, leaving the throne to a young Henry and leaving his new bride a widow.
Principled dissent to the Elizabethan Settlement came from two directions: Catholic and radical Protestant. Of the two the Roman Catholic menace seemed the more important and the government and the Church spent more time combating it. In this essay I will examine whether efforts to destroy English Catholicism during the Elizabethan era were successful. Traditionally, historians argued that Catholicism was hopelessly fractured but heroic efforts by Catholic missionaries had saved the Catholic English community. The Act of Uniformity in 1558 meant that everybody had to go to Church once a week or be fined.
New York: Anchor Books, 1977. Collins, Roger and McClure, Judith, editors. Bede: The Ecclesiastical History of the English People; The Greater Chronicle; Bede’s Letter to Egbert. New York: Oxford University Press, 1969. Frank, Roberta.
Roman Catholic Church History: Basic Sources General Histories Thomas Bokenkotter. A Concise History of the Catholic Church (revised and expanded edition). 1990. (BX945.2 .B64 1990) William J. Collinge. Historical Dictionary of Catholicism.
"Medieval Christmas" History Today 3b (1986): 31-39 Oneil, Mery R. "Superstition" The Encylopedia of Religion. Macmilan Publishing Company, New York, 1987. Stock, Robert D. "Dionysus, Christ, and C. S. Lewis" Christianity and Literature 43 (1985): 7-13. Wilken, Robert L. The Cristaians As The Romans Saw Them. Yale Univerity Press, New Haven and London, 1984.
New York: Oxford University Press, 2008. Parsons, Talcott. Max Weber: The protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism. New York: Courier Dover publications, 2003. Raines, John.
New York: Catholic Book Publishing Co., 1986. Toynbee, Paget. Concise Dicitonary of Proper Names and Notable Matters in the Works of Dante. New York: Phaeton Press, 1968. Tozer, Rev.
Holy Bible, New American Bible (Iowa Falls, Iowa, 1986) Johnson, Kevin Orlin. Why Do Catholics Do That? : A Guide to the Teachings and Practices of the Catholic Church. New York: Random House, Inc., 1994. Momen, Moojan.