Paley’s analogy came about from the concept of a stone. He encountered this stone during his walk and wondered how it came about (Paley, 1802, 196). He applies the idea that since a designer must have created this stone, this designer must have created other things just like how a watch is created by a watchmaker. His analogy for a watch and its watch maker becomes his key argument because he argues is that you cannot come to a conclusion that a stone was formed by a natural process, just like how when you look at a watch it has a watchmaker(Paley, 1802, 96). When comparing it back to a stone, Paley says someone must have created it. He says design requires a designer, the works of nature also requires a designer and that designer would be God. From this Paley creates his four arguments for God’s existence from analogies, which are argument from design is based on experience, argument from design assumes that we are different in kind, but same in degree, argument from design argues from mind/ thought to design, and argument from design...
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...hat the universe is not the same as a human and these two vastly different ideas cannot be compared with each other, Paley argues that the purpose of a watch in terms of its function and complexity, that it had to be created by a designer. Same goes for humans. Hume proves that Paley has a weak conclusion by stating that this does not prove that there is a God, just someone of higher intelligence.
Projman, Louis P., and Fieser James. Introduction to Philosophy – Classic and Contemporary
Readings Fourth Edition. A Critique of the Telelogical Argument, 1779, David Hume,
199-205. New York: Oxford University Press, Inc, 2008
Pojman, Louis P., and Fieser, James. Introduction to Philosophy - Classic and Contemporary
Readings Fourth Edition. The Watch and the Watchmaker, 1802, William Paley, 196-
198. New York: Oxford University Press, Inc, 2008.
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