In William Golding 's, Lord of the Flies, a group of young, British boys become stranded on a island after their plane crashes. When a boy named Ralph becomes the chief to govern the boys in order for them to be rescued, it ends up becoming disastrous because of little control and the absence of adults. Throughout the novel, Golding uses symbolism to convey his message that evil lies within everyone. Although there are various symbols that Golding uses to convey his message, there are three that show the transformation from good at the beginning the novel to evil as the plot evolves. The readers start to see a break down of democracy as the boys become more savage. The three symbols that he uses are the conch, Piggy 's glasses, and the fire. At the beginning Golding 's symbols give an impression of safety, democracy, and hope. Then as the boys journey progresses, so does there fear and the readers start to see a change as they gain more knowledge on what is really happening.
The first symbol that is introduced is the conch. The readers are given the impression at the beginning of the novel that the conch symbolizes leadership and democracy but then they can start to notice a break down of this as the boys spent more time on the island. It is after the boys arrive, that the readers learn about the conch. Two boys, Ralph and Piggy, are the first to be introduced as they are a few of the main characters. The two of them find a conch in the water at the beach. Piggy has this great that it should be used to call other boys who might be on the island. Golding writes, "The being that had blown that, had sat waiting for them on the platform with the delicate thing balanced on his knees...
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...is stronger then their desire to be civilized. Throughout the novel the readers see how the symbol of fire is broken down as savagery grows within the boys.
In conclusion, Golding uses symbolism effectively in Lord of the Flies to portray his message about human nature to the readers. He uses many different symbols, such as the conch, Piggy 's glasses, and the fire to show the theme that evil lies within everyone. The readers notice, throughout the novel, a change in the way the boys act. At the beginning of the novel they are well civilized boys but as their fear grows and without guidance their savagery begins to grow also. The use of symbols help show this change in the boys. Golding writes, “Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man 's heart, and the fall through the air of the true, wise friend called Piggy”(225). Every person is capable of evil.
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