Essay on Suicide Is A Serious Public Health Problem

Essay on Suicide Is A Serious Public Health Problem

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Suicide is a serious public health problem that causes immeasurable pain, suffering, and loss to individuals, families, and communities nationwide. Family members, friends, coworkers, and others in the community all suffer the long-lasting consequences of suicidal behaviors (United States Surgeon General, 2012). According to the United States Surgeon General (2012), suicide is the 10th leading cause of death, claiming more than twice as many lives each year as does homicide. Most people are uncomfortable with the topic of suicide (Centers for Disease Control [CDC], 2015). Part of the problem with helping those with suicidal ideation could rest within clinicians finding suicide a difficult subject to discuss with their clients. For various reasons such as discomfort with the suicide assessment process, fears of client vulnerability and suicidality, clinician counter transference (perhaps one’s friend or relative attempted or completed suicide) psychotherapists are at risk of not hearing clients’ calls for help (Toth et al., 2007). Early warning signs could prevent many cases of suicide. The three most critical risk factors for suicide assessment are the number and severity of previous attempts, family history of suicide and current suicidal ideation (Toth et al., 2007).

Suicide Prevention
Statement of the Problem
There are numerous misperceptions surrounding suicide. For instance, suicide is an “irrational” act that suicidal behaviors are always “impulsive” acts, that children and the elderly may be at risk but do not actually complete suicide, and that people who commit suicide usually do not actively seek help beforehand. However, a review of 71 completed suicides showed that more than half of the victims communica...

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.... According to the 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, more than 1 in 7 high school students nationwide reported having seriously considered attempting suicide in the 12 months before the survey. In addition, 7.8 percent of students, or about 1 in 13 reported having attempted suicide in the past year.- surgeon general. Schools should develop and promote programs to make students, as well as faculty, aware of the signs of early risk behavior.
Suicide prevention should begin with knowing and understanding the risk factors involved with suicide. Psychotherapists should realize that although they will be unable to successfully prevent all instances of suicide due to the unpredictability of human nature, clinicians can lessen the number of completed suicides by being able to better identify at-risk populations and common themes of suicidality (Toth et al., 2007).

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