The judicial system in America has always endured much skepticism as to whether or not there is racial profiling amongst arrests. The stop and frisk policy of the NYPD has caused much controversy and publicity since being applied because of the clear racial disparity in stops. Now the question remains; Are cops being racially biased when choosing whom to stop or are they just targeting “high crime” neighborhoods, thus choosing minorities by default? This paper will examine the history behind stop and frisk policies. Along with referenced facts about the Stop and Frisk Policy, this paper will include and discuss methods and findings of my own personal field research.
Since Mayor Rudolph Giuliani first stepped into office in 1993, new rules and policies were implemented to bring change to the then corrupt and dangerous streets of New York City. Quality of life and zero-tolerance policing took in effect and with these new standards came a drastic drop in crime. Even with statistical reports and research about decreased crime rates, the stop and frisk policy of the NYPD has caused much controversy and debate over the issue of racial bias within the judicial system. In the late 1990s, popular, legal, and political concerns were raised across the U.S. about police harassment of minority groups in their everyday encounters with law enforcement. These concerns focused on the extent to which police were stopping people on the highways for “driving while black" (Gelman et al. 2004) Additional concerns were raised about racial bias in pedestrian stops of citizens by police predicated on “zero tolerance" policies to control quality of life crimes and aggressive policing strategies concentrated in minority communities that targeted illegal...
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...0 stops, another ostensible reason for supporting stop frisks. This ineffective program continues to consume police time, tax payer dollars and leave minority youth their communities feeling oppressed by an agent of government that formerly was held in high esteem.
Dunn, C., (2012). Stop-and frisk, guns and the Supreme Court. New York Law Journal.
Retrieved from http://www.newyorklawjournal.com
Eterno, J. (2012). Policing by the numbers. New York Times.
Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com
Federal Bureau of Investigation (2012). Crime statistics
Retrieved from http://www/fbi.com
Huffington post (2012). NYC stop and frisk.
Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com
New York Civil Liberties Union (2012). Stop-and-frisk campaign: About the issue.
Retrieved from http://www.nyclu.org/issues/raciall-justice/stop-and-frisk-practices
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