On the heels of a protracted ethnic conflict that has pre-dated the establishment of the modern state of Israel, the 2014 Israeli assault on Gaza city and Israeli occupied west bank disrupted a 19 month ceasefire. The assault code-named “Operation Protective Edge”—from july 8th, for 51 days—followed a series of flare-ups including “operation Brother’s Keeper” which was carried out on June 13th after an Israeli teen and gone missing in the west bank which was the first operation since the cease-fire that was in place after “Operation Pillars of Defence” in November 2012. The 51 day Assault which Israel claims was an act of self-defence included air, ground and naval operations which saw over 6,000 airstrikes and 50,000 artillery rounds fired; which the report by the United Nations independent commission of inquiry on the 2104 Gaza conflict cites as being a new pattern of attacks by Israel which target residential buildings; levelling entire urban neighbourhoods. The civilian casualty resulting from the conflict was heartbreaking—the report cited. With the principles of the Just war theory in mind, I will investigate the dynamics directly relating the Operation Protective Edge, specifically with regards to Israel’s claim that the assaults were purported in self-defence as a morally just cause. And the Israeli Defence Force’s conduct during war highlighting the disproportionality in civilian death and the artillery used. My essa...
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...ternational law supports Israel’s claim to self-defence. On just conduct in warfare, my investigations revealed the realities of the IDF’s military ethos as it extended onto the ‘’battlefields” and flexed its muscles. My research highlights the indiscriminate use of precision guided missiles and other heavy artillery targeting civilians, and civilian infrastructure. Gathering form the UN report on the 2014 assault, the disproportionate civilian causality and targeting of civilian infrastructure, reflects a disregard— by the IDF—of their responsibility to respect and protect civilian life and to do everything feasible to avoid civilian casualties. I’ve thus concluded that because of the disproportionate civilian casualties and the fact that these were targeted attacks, the IDF and by extension the Israel did not display just conduct during operation protective edge.
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