Shocking and demeaning words such as idiot, moron, and retard were once used as actual labels for disabled children in special education. “Prior to 1975, schools were not mandated to educate students with disabilities . . . . [Those with disabilities] were deemed to be uneducable and were barred from entering schools” (“Exceptional Students”).
Federal and state laws, as well as mandates, now require schools to educate all children with disabilities in the least restrictive environment, to the maximum extent possible. The least restrictive environment is considered to be the general or the “regular” education classroom. The preferred language of today is the term “general education classroom”, because using the word “regular” implies that special education rooms would then be considered ‘irregular”. Schools are also bound by law to provide “a full continuum of services” which simply means they need to be able to provide all placement options, from the least restrictive to the most restrictive environment, such as an institution. Each special needs student also has an individualized education plan to meet their unique needs.
Inclusion is a controversial subject which has been debated for decades. Susan Crowell in her article, Inclusion in the Classroom: Has it Gone Too Far?, explains that “inclusion is the idea that all children, including those with disabilities, should and can learn in a regular classroom.” In theory, the idea of all students being included and educated together is a philosophy which sounds morally correct, especially when considering that the disabled were not always treated with compassion. Often the disabled were institutionalized and banished from society, even in recent history. Ma...
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..., Boarded Up and Overgrown, Still Stands Among the Weeds: A Home for the Indigent and Unwell.." Beaver County Times (PA) 2 Mar. 2014, Community: C1. NewsBank. Web. 9 Mar. 2014.
Osgood, Robert L. The History of Inclusion in the United States. Washington, D.C.: Gallaudet UP, 2005. Print.
"Special Education." Issues & Controversies On File: n. pag. Issues & Controversies. Facts On File News Services, 7 Sept. 2007. Web. 22 Feb. 2014.
Tompkins, Richards, and Pat Deloney. "Concerns About and Arguments Against Inclusion and/or Full Inclusion." Inclusion: The Pros and Cons. 4.3 (1995): n. page. Web. 10 Mar. 2014.
United States. Department of Education. “Archived: 25 Year History of the IDEA”. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2014.
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- Shocking and demeaning words such as idiot, moron, and retard were once used as actual labels for disabled children in special education. “Prior to 1975, schools were not mandated to educate students with disabilities . . . . [Those with disabilities] were deemed to be uneducable and were barred from entering schools” (“Exceptional Students”). Federal and state laws, as well as mandates, now require schools to educate all children with disabilities in the least restrictive environment, to the maximum extent possible.... [tags: Inclusion in the Classroom]
1330 words (3.8 pages)
- The data presented in this study show that students with disabilities are making academic achievements in the inclusion classroom. This study also suggests that the negative social interactions between the general education students and special education students are minimal, and does not have a significant effect on the academic achievements of the target population. Findings in the literature review by Salend and Garrick (1999) concluded students with disabilities gain academic achievements in the inclusion classroom.... [tags: Special Education, inclusion classroom]
745 words (2.1 pages)
- ntroduction Inclusion is a viewpoint that involves the commitment to educate each child to the greatest extent possible in the school and classroom the child would attend if he or she were without a disability. The goal of inclusion is to involve all students with disabilities, including severe disabilities, in academic and non-academic activities (Alquraini & Gut, 2012). When reading the literature regarding inclusion, two additional terms are often mentioned: (a) mainstreaming and (b) full inclusion.... [tags: Special education]
1122 words (3.2 pages)
- Full Inclusion is sparking a huge debate in classrooms all across the United States. Many states are trying to make a giant leap into full inclusion classrooms. Full inclusion allows the dismantling of the special education classroom and moving all students with disabilities into general education courses at schools. For many students, special education classrooms offer something they can’t get anywhere else. Special education teachers and general education teachers believe full inclusion will cause more damage than success for lower functioning students.... [tags: Special education, Education, Teacher]
1626 words (4.6 pages)
- Inclusion Model in Classrooms; Yes or No. Issue Inclusion of all students in classrooms has been an ongoing issue for the past twenty-five years (Noll, 2013). The controversy is should special education students be placed in an inclusion setting or should they be placed in a special education classroom. If the answer is yes to all special education students being placed in inclusion, then how should the inclusion model look. Every students is to receive a free an appropriate education. According to the Individual Education Act (IDEA), all students should be placed in the Least Restrictive Learning Environment (Noll, 2013).... [tags: Special education, Education, Gifted education]
1880 words (5.4 pages)
- Inclusion is the idea that students with disabilities are able to participate in general education classrooms with general and special education teachers’ work together. Students with disabilities are not separated from the average student. President Ford signed the first comprehensive federal law that acknowledged equal educational opportunities for students with disabilities in 1975. Some people agree that students with disabilities should be included in the general education classroom because it will be beneficial for all students.... [tags: Special education, Educational psychology]
981 words (2.8 pages)
- Are all children created equal. Are they all the same. Do they all need the same things. Can they all excel at the same pace. These and many more questions come up when we discuss the topic of inclusion. Inclusion is the term many educational professionals use to explain the integration of students with special needs into regular education classes. The terms mainstreaming, deinstitutionized, normalization, as well as the least restrictive environment all have been used to in the past to refer to inclusion.... [tags: Special Education]
2433 words (7 pages)
- Collaboration is essential in the design and implementation of an inclusion-based special education program. General education teachers and special education teachers must partner to create classroom strategies, interventions and accommodations to meet the needs of the special needs student in the general education setting. In addition, the parent is a key component in the success of the student. No one knows the student better than the parent. The team should welcome the parents as partners in the process of the education of the student with disabilities.... [tags: Special education, Education]
1375 words (3.9 pages)
- Discussion The research has repeatedly shown that inclusion models are most beneficial to students with disabilities, including students with severe disabilities. The districts in which the students in the teacher education students have been placed in have a problem with incorporating inclusive education for their students. Students are isolated within self-contained classrooms, and consequently, they are missing out on vital academic, social, and functional skills. Often, students with severe disabilities are considered uneducable due to a variety of factors.... [tags: Education, Special education, School]
828 words (2.4 pages)
- Universal Design and Inclusion There’s one student who constantly runs onstage during services, another whose angry outbursts have you choosing reactions carefully, yet another who is fascinated by other student’s hair whom requires frequent redirection. In fact each and every student requiring a shadow at church has some sort of specified need. These needs must be communicated with any staff that will be in contact with them, which at times can be upwards of 8 within a one hour period. It would be much easier to hold a separate service for students with special needs, we already have a classroom, and two de-escalation sensory rooms- it would be easier and we are well equipped.... [tags: Individualized Education Program, Education]
792 words (2.3 pages)