Politically, Cortés attempted to use the letters to provide justification as well as explanation for his conquest of the Aztec Empire, as his task had simply been to explore. He attempted this primarily through his portrayal of Montezuma’s system of governance as brutal and is people as disloyal to him. He described the apparent willingness of the peoples he encountered to abandon the Aztecs and swear allegiance to the King of Spain, “Although they were subjects of Montezuma … they had been reduced to that condition by force …and when they had obtained through me some knowledge of your Highness … they declared their desire to become vassals of your Majesty, and to form an alliance with me”(Second Letter, 38–39). Cortés justified his conquest further through his proclamation to the his king that he was acting in defense of these newly acquired vassals. Cortés wrote that Montezuma subjected the local people to violent and tyrannical repression ...
... middle of paper ...
... Lord of all … I said every thing to divert them I could to divert them from their idolatries, and draw them to a knowledge of God our Lord”(Second Letter, 114–18). In this section Cortés both explained the religious culture of the region and further justified his conquest through religious means.
On pages 76-77 Cortés recounted his expedition’s discovery of a volcano and the confusion its sight had caused. When he saw a snow capped mountain producing smoke from the peak he dispatched a team to, “to ascend the mountain and find out the cause of that smoke, whence and how it was produced.” The smoke coming from the snow capped peak cause he and his men great confusion and he recounted the full story to the king in his letter. This section of the letter demonstrates the fascination with the new world that Cortés and the Spanish had, and the desire they had to discover.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Aztec Empire The Aztec built a powerful empire that became a dominant and formidable force. The empire supported an enormous population, encompassed a vast territory and yielded an abundance of precious metals and other natural resources. Several factors contributed to the overall success of the empire, including an ideal geographical location and a social hierarchy that imposed law and order. To maintain such a vast domain the Aztec had to employ tactics that included domination and subjugation of enemy forces and an enormous slave population, as well as the organization of resources necessary to support an empire.... [tags: Aztec, Mexico City]
939 words (2.7 pages)
- Early Spanish missionaries saw the brutal treatment of Native peoples as being compassionately and protectively with the indigenous peoples. In 1537, Pope Paul III declared that Indians were not beasts to be killed or enslaved, but rather human beings with souls capable of salvation. At the time, this was seemed to be an enlightened view of native people, and one that well-meaning missionaries sought to encourage. The Catholic Church had an important role in the Spanish colonial society. All settlements included a church, town and farmlands.... [tags: United States]
1011 words (2.9 pages)
- Before the European and Spanish occupation in the America’s, there were many Indigenous groups that had well-structured organizations. This is seen in the Indigenous ruling nobility, and in their traditions of local ethnic states. An indigenous empire known as the Aztecs had complete control of busy markets such as Tenochtitlan’s Tlatelolco. On major market days, over 50,000 people visited this market. This particular market system drove the Aztec economy, which consisted mostly of trade and various types of currency (Aztec Civilization).... [tags: Colonialism, Latin America, Indigenous peoples]
767 words (2.2 pages)
- ... Even after having to send their own troops out to help collect all the riches from across the Incan empire, eventually his men returned with a staggering load of riches. After all was said and done, by June 1533, Pizarro had 333lbs worth of gold and silver, a value of nearly 100 million US dollars (The Mariners' Museum, 2014). He sent his brother to turn his 1/5 portion due to the Spanish Crown and was promptly reward with fame, fortune, and royal titles whereas Atahualpa was executed, but not before he was converted.... [tags: settlement/conquest of the Western hemisphere]
1121 words (3.2 pages)
- In 1325, the Aztecs settled on an island that became known as Tenochtitlan. Under rule of Itzcoatl in 1428, a triple alliance was formed with Texcoco and Tlacopan. It was the start of a new empire once the Aztecs turned against and defeated the Azcapotzalco. With the Aztecs being the most powerful, an empire began to form and grow quickly. The Aztec Empire became the most complex, extensive, and powerful empire of the region, stretching from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific Ocean. Under the rule of Itzcoatl, the Aztecs began their expansion.... [tags: Aztec, Inca Empire, Mexico City]
933 words (2.7 pages)
- Who were the Aztecs. Why were they considered to be an empire even greater than the Romans. And how was Hernan Cortes able to defeat them. These are some of the questions that people ask about these indigenous people. These people are known as the Aztecs but originally called themselves Mexica. They came to Mexico in the early thirteenth century and from there they started to develop a social structure and government consisting of priests, kings, peasants, and soldiers. Besides having a very organized society the Aztecs had a very large and intimidating army consisting of full time soldiers and peasants.... [tags: Aztec History]
1168 words (3.3 pages)
- We first start by looking at the individuals who participated in the conquest, primarily Columbus, Cortes, and Pizarro. We often place these people on pedestals so to speak and admire what they were able to accomplish. However, when we delve into it all, Restall notes that in many cases, in particular Columbus, we realize that his greatest accomplishment, supposedly “discovering the New World,” was an accident. “In fact, the most exceptional thing about Columbus’ geographical vision was that it was wrong.... [tags: Spain, Spanish colonization of the Americas]
1454 words (4.2 pages)
- What were the decisive factors that led to the fall of the Aztec empire. Your answer should make reference to the social and political contexts of the region as well as the military campaign. In this essay I am going to give a brief overview about the Aztecs and then talk about the factors that led to the fall of this empire. The Aztecs ruled from 14th century and their power expanded into Guatemala. The Aztec empire had a powerful military tradition, long-range trading and spy system and complex religious institutions that no one would have thought it would have fallen in less than two years.... [tags: Aztec, Mexico City, Mexico, Hernán Cortés]
1188 words (3.4 pages)
- The Aztec empire fall was dependent on many factors and those factors would be dependent on who you ask. Different people have different point of views on why the Aztec empire fell when it did and this is solely dependent of the background of that particular person. With this being the case, Aztecs, Conquistadors and regular Indians viewed the same event in different ways based off of their beliefs, thoughts and interactions with each other. A non-Aztec or Indian may think that the reason the Aztec empire fell was because of their strategies and techniques associated with how they dealt with their neighbors.... [tags: Mesoamerica, Aztec, Mexico City, Maya civilization]
1051 words (3 pages)
- Formal subleaders of city states Netzonhaul, Tlacopan, formed the Triple Alliance (4, 71). The Aztec left rulers of defeated cities in control and influence so long as they consented to compensate biannual mark of respect to the Alliance, as well as contribute military strengths when necessary for the Aztec war endeavors (4, 71). In agreement, the lordly authority gives fortification and political constancy, and simplified a combined or composite of economic system of separate lands and peoples who had meaningful local self-sufficiency (4, 71).... [tags: Aztec, Mexico City, Mesoamerica]
726 words (2.1 pages)
- Disputes Between Parties, Exchange And Goods Or Service, And Terms Of Agreements
- The Client Is Diagnosed With Separation Anxiety Disorder
- The Between Transnational And The National Cinema
- A Brief Note On Muslims : The Last Prophet, Told By God
- Methods Of Model Development For Human Development And Well Being Was The Integrated Public Use Microdata Series
- Religious Pluralism Is Not A Plausible Philosophical Position