Social Epidemiology in South Africa
According to, BMJ Publishing Group Ltd (2016), epidemiology is the study that refers to patterns, causes and risk factors of diseases occurring in different groups of people. Social epidemiology is a sub-division ...
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...lity (Keeton, 2014).
Unemployment can be defined as persons between the ages of 15 to 65 who do not have jobs providing them with a salary or wage (StatsSA, 2014). Poverty and inequality accompanies unemployment. Although research reveals that there are more unemployed females than there are males, the individual effects include both physical and psychological in both sexes. (Triegaardt, n.d). Physically the person’s health degenerates due to sleep problems; lack of energy; hypertension; heart disease and kidney disease. Psychological effects include depression, anxiety, stress, anger, loneliness, decreased self-esteem, concentration and personal identity (de Witte & Rothmann, 2012).
As seen in appendix B, the forecasted unemployment rate for South Africa from 2013 to 2017, shows a continuous average increase although there are annual fluctuations.
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