Sir Isaac Newton's Life

Sir Isaac Newton's Life

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Sir Isaac Newton was born on December 25, 1642, In England on

The Woolsthorpe Manor. He was born prematurely and was a small child.

His mother said that he was so small he could have fit inside a quart pot. Sir

Isaac Newton was born three months after the death of his father. When Sir

Isaac Newton was three, his mother remarried to The Reverend Barnabus Smith.

Sir Isaac Newton was left in the care of his maternal grandmother.

From the age of twelve until he was seventeen he was educated at The

King's School, Grantham. His mother returned to Woolsthorpe in 1653 after the

death of her husband. At that time Sir Isaac Newton was taken from school to

work on his family farm. His mother then sent him back to school so that he could

finish his education. He returned to King's School at Grantham. In June

1661, he was admitted to Trinity College. During his undergraduate years he

mastered the works of René Descartes, Pierre Gassendi, Thomas

Hobbes, and other figures. In 1664 Sir Isaac Newton had begun to master

Descartes' Géométrie and other forms of mathematics. In 1665, he discovered

the generalized binomial theorem and began to develop a mathematical theory

that would later become calculus. In August of 1665 Sir Isaac Newton received

his bachelor's degree at Cambridge without honors. During time the University

had closed down because of the great plague. So Sir Isaac Newton studied at

his home in Woolsthorpe over the next two years. During this time he worked on

calculus, Optics and the law of gravitation. In 1667 he returned to Cambridge.

Sir Isaac Newton's first invention was the reflecting telescope. He also helped

define the laws of gravity, planetary motion and explained laws of

Light and color. In the 1670’s, Newton became very interested in theology. He

Studied Hebrew scholarship and ancient and modern theologians. In 1686 he

wrote the book Principia, a book about orbits of the planets and there

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gravitational force towards the sun. In 1703 he was elected president of the

Royal Society and remained until his death. In 1704 he wrote the book Opticks.

He was knighted by Queens Anne in 1705. Sir Isaac Newton died in 1727 and

was buried in Westminster Abbey. Sir Isaac Newton will always be known as

the English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist,

and theologian.

Dr Robert A. Hatch - University of Florida
Michael Fowler, Physics Dept., U.Va.
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