Plato believes that a mans virtue is his justice, while Aristotle believes that virtue and justice are two different things. Aristotle believes that virtue pertains to the persons moral state, while justice deals with peoples relation to others. Aristotle believes that humans should try to obtain all virtues if they seek true happiness. Plato breaks down the three classes of the state, being the rulers, the soldiers, and the craftsmen, and which of the four cardinal virtues are important for each to possess. The four cardinal virtues are courage, wisdom, temperance, and justice. The rulers should...
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...f happiness, however Aristotle believed that virtue was needed. Plato basically believed that all of the virtues boil down to wisdom, and Aristotle believed that virtue must be practiced, and one can still be virtuous and unhappy. Socrates emphasizes that everyone is considered family, and there will be no divided loyalties in the perfect state. Also there would be no private ownership, which is responsible for feuds. Plato 's teacher Socrates believes that a philosopher should become a ruler, or the current ruler should learn philosophy, as philosophers are more aware of how to run the state. However, Aristotle believes that all sophists should stay out of politics.
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