Similarities Between Aristotle And Aristotle Essay

Similarities Between Aristotle And Aristotle Essay

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Plato and Aristotle, both have similarities and differences in their ideas of which virtues are important and how they lead to happiness. For Plato, in his book "The Republic", happiness is achieved by adhering to a set of rules put into place by the state for each class. According to Aristotle 's "Nicomachean Ethics", Aristotle believed that all human activity is done to achieve happiness, which is considered the supreme good. Becoming wealthy, or famous, or seeking physical pleasure is only done to achieve happiness. Aristotle believed that happiness can only truly be achieved after death, because happiness is more of a temporary state, but while alive, virtue can be achieved by finding a mean between the extremes of excess and deficiency. That mentality can apply to the wealth of a farmer for example; if a farmer is being overpaid for his services, he would become careless and lazy, while an underpaid farmer wouldn’t be able to afford equipment needed to complete his job. However, there are some things that are considered immoral whether a mean is achieved or not, such as theft, and murder, which there are no healthy boundaries for.

Plato believes that a mans virtue is his justice, while Aristotle believes that virtue and justice are two different things. Aristotle believes that virtue pertains to the persons moral state, while justice deals with peoples relation to others. Aristotle believes that humans should try to obtain all virtues if they seek true happiness. Plato breaks down the three classes of the state, being the rulers, the soldiers, and the craftsmen, and which of the four cardinal virtues are important for each to possess. The four cardinal virtues are courage, wisdom, temperance, and justice. The rulers should...


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...f happiness, however Aristotle believed that virtue was needed. Plato basically believed that all of the virtues boil down to wisdom, and Aristotle believed that virtue must be practiced, and one can still be virtuous and unhappy. Socrates emphasizes that everyone is considered family, and there will be no divided loyalties in the perfect state. Also there would be no private ownership, which is responsible for feuds. Plato 's teacher Socrates believes that a philosopher should become a ruler, or the current ruler should learn philosophy, as philosophers are more aware of how to run the state. However, Aristotle believes that all sophists should stay out of politics.

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