Leading into Antietam, Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia was simply dominating the Union. Victories in both the Second Bull Run and Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s capture of Harper’s Ferry prompted Confederate leadership to try to embark on a campaign into Union soil. Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson’s men prospected Harpers Ferry intensely before attempting to seize the garrison post, and their swift victory was reflective of the tactical prowess that had defeated the Union f...
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... Lincoln’s deliverance of the Emancipation Proclamation, effectively freeing the slaves in rebellion states and destroying Confederate chances of allying with European countries.
The costs of the campaign of Antietam were immensely severe, as such great losses of life were surely accompanied with brutal psychological issues and destruction of morale. Similarly, it allowed for Lincoln’s issuing of a presidential proclamation dismantling the economic and cultural landscape of the south. What was most ironic about the effects of Antietam is that Lee’s masterful strategy on the battlefield against a comparably miserable showing by McClellan actually led to a Confederate “loss” and rejuvenated Union. The reenergized and reorganized Union, however, reaped such benefits as a result of non-military benefits from not losing rather than a decisive victory in battle.
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