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Hypothetico-Deductive Modeling to Q&A

- Hypothetico-Deductive Modeling to Q&A The Hypothetico-Deductive model is considered by some to be the hallmark of scientific research methods. The model is predicated on obtaining information in an effort to confirm or reject the hypothesis developed. This methodology requires the researcher to ask questions, hone in on the issue through preliminary research, formulate hypothesis and measurements, test, draw conclusions, refine and report. In order for the model to be effective the question being addressed by the researcher must be testable....   [tags: Scientific Research Methods, Charles Darwin]

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Deductive Databases

- \subsection{Deductive Databases} In the field of deductive databases there has been extensive research on the optimization of queries for Datalog (and its variants). The major interest has been the optimization of recursive queries. Ceri et al~\cite{ceri-gottlob-tanca-1989} provide an excellent summary of the field. The evaluation or comparison of optimization strategies is typified by Bancilhon and Ramakrishnan~\cite{br1986,br1988} who develop analytical cost models for the optimization strategies when applied to four queries (related to the parent and ancestor relations) and then generate numerical data from the analytical models using synthetic data driven by three shapes -- tree, invert...   [tags: Information Technology]

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Differences Between Deductive And Inductive Arguments

- Differences between deductive and inductive arguments Arguments can either be deductive or inductive depending on the sort of relation the author of the argument decides to take to be between the premise and the conclusion. To avoid the confusion of the two arguments, one needs to understand the differences between them. Below are some of the absolute differences between deductive and inductive arguments. Firstly, a deductive is a kind of an argument that is expected to be entirely valid. The arguer assumes it to provide a full guarantee of the truth concerning the conclusion is given that the argument’s assumptions are accurate (Hitchcock, 2012)....   [tags: Logic, Reasoning, Inductive reasoning, Analogy]

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Conceptual Clarification : A Sound Deductive Argument

- I. Conceptual Clarification A sound deductive argument, within the context of finding a definite answer, requires that, “it is both valid, and all of its premises are actually true.” (“Validity and Soundness”) In other words, a deductive argument is sound if the ‘things’ that it is standing on are real, and it relates these things in a way that logically leads to the argument’s conclusion. For example, a sound deductive argument could follow that, “If I fill up my car with gas, I will not wind up with an empty tank....   [tags: Logic, Argument, Inductive reasoning, Reasoning]

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Introduction to Solve Math Problems Deductive Reasoning

- Introduction to solve math problems deductive reasoning Deductive reasoning is one of the two essential forms of suitable reasoning. The reasoning constructs or evaluates deductive reasoning. While deductive reasoning argues from the general to exacting , similarly inductive reasoning argues from the specific to a general instance. Deductive arguments may be valid or invalid,and sound or unsound, but that are not true or false. Whenever we turn up for the conclusion using facts, definitions, rule, or properties, then it is so called Deductive Reasoning....   [tags: Math]

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The Deductive Problem of Evil

- The Deductive Problem of Evil      One of the major philosophical debates concerning God's existence involves the problem of evil.  The problem has two basic formulations, one is deductive, the other inductive.  The deductive form of the problem asks the following:  Is the existence of evil logically compatible with a necessarily benevolent and necessarily omnipotent being?  One of the philosophers who discusses the problem is Richard Gale.  I will begin this essay by outlining the deductive problem of evil according to Gale.  I will then try to refute the deductive argument and prove that the existence of evil is indeed logically compatible with a benevolent and omnipotent being.  A conc...   [tags: Philosophy essays]

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The Theories Of Inductive, Deductive And Less Used Reproductive And Abductive

- There are four different research strategies are inductive, deductive and less used reproductive and abductive. ‘The aim of the inductive approach is ‘to establish universal generalizations to be used as pattern explanations’ whereas the deductive would ‘test theories, to eliminate false ones’. The latter would construct and ‘deduce the hypotheses’ rather than ‘produce generalization’ (Blaikie, 2007)- appendix for Table. The argument was that the theory which Atkinson developed as the “core-periphery model”....   [tags: Scientific method, Qualitative research]

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Probabilist - Deductive Inference in Gassendi's Logic

- ‘Probabilist’ Deductive Inference in Gassendi's Logic* ABSTRACT: In his Logic, Pierre Gassendi proposes that our inductive inferences lack the information we would need to be certain of the claims that they suggest. Not even deductivist inference can insure certainty about empirical claims because the experientially attained premises with which we adduce support for such claims are no greater than probable. While something is surely amiss in calling deductivist inference "probabilistic," it seems Gassendi has hit upon a now-familiar, sensible point—namely, the use of deductive reasoning in empirical contexts, while providing certain formal guarantees, does not insulate empirical arguments...   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]

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Barack Obam Emotional Appeals, Logical Fallacy, And A Deductive Argument

- While this speech helps put voice to the African American community, I will define and indicate how Barack Obama used emotional appeals, logical fallacy, and a deductive argument in this speech. Barack Obama used many strategies for the speech A More Perfect Union; this paper is criticizing and identifying these five emotional appeals, Plain folk, stereotyping, testimonial, earnestness and sincerity. I will lay out the foundation of the speech and justify how the emotional appeals and rhetorical strategies worked best for him....   [tags: Barack Obama, African American, Jeremiah Wright]

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The Theory Of Induction And Induction

- In answering the above question I would firstly clarify it 's meaning or my interpretation of it. My argument is not based on the question of whether induction itself is rational, as in is it a logical process. The answer to that question is no, however can it be rationally justified. in other words can a rational argument be made to justify its use in relation to acquiring knowledge I will argue that yes it can. Furthermore I will argue that this is indeed what Hume meant when he made the distinction between applying induction as an agent and logically critiquing induction from the perspective of the philosopher....   [tags: Logic, Reasoning, Deductive reasoning]

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Human Understanding: What is Inductive Reasoning?

- Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding Part I: What is Induction. The term inductive reasoning refers to reasoning that takes specific information and makes a broader generalization that is considered probable, allowing for the fact that the conclusion may not be accurate. An example of inductive reasoning is: All observed children like to play with Legos. All children, therefore, enjoy playing with Legos. Relying on inductive reasoning throughout everyday life is just a part of human nature. If someone were to take into consideration every plausible outcome of a given situation, they would never get anything done or been stricken with worry....   [tags: inductive and deductive reference]

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Don't Judge a Book by It's Cover or The Importance of Beauty

- Since the time we were children, we were told not to “judge a book by its cover.”however , there are some instance where this is not taking in consider . The book Bridging the Gap, has an article called, “The Important Of Being Beautiful”, Sidney katz stated that studies show that attractive people have advantages in life that unattractive people do not have. attractive people tend to earn higher salaries and/or more successful. people deemed to be less attractive and / or unattractive tend to earn less than average salaries....   [tags: attractiveness, deductive argument, evaluation]

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Field Observation: Observing St. Paul

- The method that was used in this research was field observation. Field observation is when you conduct a research observing what people do and what they say. When you conduct other researches, you focus on theories, but when you conduct field observation, you focus more on the communalities that your subject lives in, schools they attend, and the neighborhoods they live in. In conducting a field observation, there are two techniques inductive and deductive techniques. Inductive techniques are when observers don’t focus on a theory but creates a theory after doing the research....   [tags: inductive, deductive, research]

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The Possibility of Proving the Existence of God Using Inductive and Deductive Arguments

- The Possibility of Proving the Existence of God Using Inductive and Deductive Arguments Many philosophers have attempted to prove the existence of God, although there is no argument as yet which proves without any doubt that God exists. A proof is the demonstration that something is true or, in this case, that God exists. There are 3 types of proof; direct, deductive, and inductive. A direct proof is when something is immediately obvious, so therefore, it cannot be used to prove God's existence....   [tags: Papers]

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Reasoning Research Paper

- Tables of Content Inductive Reasoning ……………………………...………………………………...……….…….3 Deductive Reasoning …………….....…………………………………………………………….3 Critical Thinking.……………….………...…………………………………………………..…...4 Role of Inductive Reasoning………………………………………………………………………5 Role of Deductive Reasoning……………………………………………………………………..5 Roles of Critical Thinking ………………..………………………………………………………6 References…………………………………………………………………………………………8 Inductive Reasoning Inductive reasoning is logical reasoning where people have a lot of the information and use that to reach a conclusion....   [tags: education, deductive, inductive]

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The Paradigm Shift Caused by Francis Bacon

- The time period surrounding the 17th century was the beginning of an era of great scientific advancement in Europe that was known as the Scientific Revolution. It was during this phase that the use of reason and new advances in science resulted in paradigm shifts. Paradigm shifts are shifts in basic assumptions (paradigms) resulting from the discovery of new information that is no longer compatible with existing paradigms, forcing people to shift their mind frame to adapt to the new assumption ("Thomas S....   [tags: going from deductive to inductive reasoning]

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A Whisper Of Aids By Mary Fisher

- People have been moved by famous speeches for many decades, and each of speeches has difference characteristics. In this essay, I would like to discuss one of the masterpiece, “A whisper of AIDS” by Mary Fisher, who was one the member of Republican Party at that time. During her speech, we can find some important elements of public speaking. Thus, in this paper, I am going to analyze this speech focused on three strategies which she uses in her speech; argument from analogy, argument from generalization, and inductive reasoning....   [tags: Logic, Inductive reasoning, Deductive reasoning]

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Is Human Reasoning Rational?

- Is human reasoning rational. Draw on theories of deductive reasoning and your own experience with Sudoku puzzles. Reasoning can be defined as the problems that differ from other kinds of problems in that they often owe their origins to formal systems of logic (Eysenck and Keane (2005). Deductive reasoning is a type of reasoning that leads to conclusions that are definitely true given that statements the conclusion is based on are true. Rationality is the quality or state of being reasonable, based on facts or reason....   [tags: Logic, Reasoning, Deductive reasoning, Inference]

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Review on What Aspects of Vocabulary Knowledge Do Textbooks Give Attention To

- Introduction This paper is devoted to the discussions about three main areas of the selected article-- What aspects of vocabulary knowledge do textbooks give attention to. In first place, an examination of the possible philosophical assumption, which seems existing ontologically and epistemologically behind the research approach. Greener(2011) suggests knowing of some widely debated philosophical ideas would give researchers more chances accomplishing good researches. Because such knowledge could throw a light in the way scholars choose and organise certain methods....   [tags: Education Methods, Deductive Research]

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Argument Classification

- An inference is a way to yield a conclusion from statements that are presumed to be true—called premises. The conclusion includes new knowledge that the premises did not make explicit. For example, we could have two statements which are presumed to be true. 1.) “Steve is in choir.” 2.) “Everyone in choir sings.” From these two statements, we can infer a conclusion of 3.) “Steve sings.” We were able to reasonably put forth a new piece of information from two previously established pieces of information....   [tags: Logic]

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Teaching Conditional Sentences through C-R Tasks

- A. Introduction Conditional sentences are dedicated to expressing a possible situation and its consequences. Teaching of conditional sentences is a difficult point in secondary school English education. In mainland China, students begin the learning of the first and zero type of conditional sentences in the eighth grade, and learn the rest of second and third type of condition sentences in the eleventh grade. The long learning period of conditional sentence can reflect the great importance and difficulty of teaching this grammar....   [tags: education, grammar, teaching method]

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Arguments And Arguments Of Inductive Arguments

- Just as though there are two sides to every story, there is also two different ways of arguing that leads to two different ways of knowing. We can either base our knowledge off of facts or we can base it off of assumptions. Either way, there are different arguments that go with each, which in turn both lead to different types of conclusions or knowing. An inductive argument comes to a conclusion that is likely to be true, whereas a deductive argument comes to a conclusion that must always be true (Rainbolt and Dwyer, 57)....   [tags: Logic, Inductive reasoning, Reasoning]

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Thomas Aquinas ' Uncaused Cause Argument

- Thomas Aquinas’ “Uncaused Cause” argument starts with a premise stating the world has events which cause other events to happen. Because of this series of causes, nothing can exist before itself or else the chain of causes would go in a circle. For example, “if a tree caused a seed which caused an apple which caused event x to cause event y which eventually causes the seed to cause the apple, ultimately the apple would have caused itself to exist since it existed before it existed” (“Uncaused Cause” Atkins, Philip)....   [tags: Logic, Argument, A priori and a posteriori]

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The Theory Of Accounting Theory

- The significance of this article stems from the necessity of making the infrastructures of accounting knowledge more scientific. The infrastructures which would be the bases of assumptions, principles, and concepts of accounting knowledge. Only via making these infrastructures scientific, one can promote the status of accounting among other sciences. In addition, without any justification, reasoning, and argumentation, one cannot have scientific claims. The theory of accounting should ultimately enable the standards setters to deduce the standards....   [tags: Scientific method, Logic, Reasoning]

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Analysisng Consumer Motivations to Shop for Luxury Products Online

- 1.0 Introduction In this chapter, the writer will demonstrate the methodology used in analysing consumer motivations to shop for luxury products online. Methodology plays an important role in the academic researches as it concerned with what method need to be used to carry out the study. Collins and Hussey (2003) stated that the use of methodology is the most important part of a research (Collins and Hussey, 2003). The structure of this chapter will display from research philosophy to the data collection methods and discuss the most appropriate methods that will be used in this research....   [tags: methodology, research, methods]

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The Ethics Of Animal Research

- An article written by an animal researcher and psychology professor discusses the lack of ethical treatment towards primates in research labs. The author of Second Thoughts of an Animal Researcher, John P. Gluck, justified the unethical treatment of primates by believing that scientific advancements are superior to the harm the primates experienced. One day a student of his presented a dissertation about a female rhesus monkey who unexpectedly passed away. The dissertation caused Gluck to feel that the animals he caused much harm to were more than objects used to create data....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Logic, Business ethics]

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David Hume 's Principles Of Uniformity Of Nature

- Scottish philosopher David Hume is amongst one of the most influential empirical philosophers to date for his work in epistemology, metaphysics, and philosophy of religion. As an Empiricist Hume claimed that the only way we can obtain knowledge is through our senses however he argues true knowledge is unattainable for all intent and purpose, due to the problem of induction.By briefly examining Hume 's problem of induction and it 's dependancy to of the so called principles of Uniformity of Nature we could come to a conclusion that Hume 's is correct....   [tags: Logic, Inductive reasoning, Scientific method]

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The Allegory of The Cave, by Plato

- Plato’s logical strategy in the allegory of the cave is of deductive reasoning. Plato uses a cave containing people bound by chains which constrict their neck and legs in such a way that they are unable to turn around and there is a fire roaring behind them casting shadows on the wall. Since the prisoners cannot turn their heads to see what is casting the shadow the only thing they can perceive are the shadows and the sounds that seem to becoming from them. This is what Plato argues in the allegory of the cave “To them, I said, the truth would literally be nothing but the shadows of the images.”(The Allegory of the Cave Plato)....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Rhetoric]

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Logic And The Legal System

- Logic is defined as the science which studies the formal processes in thinking and reasoning. Lawyers have the job of navigating through the legal system to make valid arguments that are in favor of their clients. In order to be successful, lawyers must come up with a reason or set of reason(s) to persuade a judge, or a jury that an action or idea is right or wrong. These reasons are known as arguments and they require the use of logic so that they are clear and acceptable to a judge or a jury. Therefore, the study of logic is essential to the study of the law....   [tags: Logic, Inductive reasoning, Scientific method]

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Why Is A Calendar Needed By An Organized Society?

- 2. Why is a calendar needed by an organized society. A calendar is merely a way to tell time. Generally speaking, we on planet earth use it to describe our orbit around the sun. Most Americans use the Gregorian calendar which consists of 12 months with close to 30 days (some more, some less, some equal), which requires an extra day to be added once every four years. Another calendar, the Hebrew calendar uses lunar months but based on a solar year. This too requires adjustments every so often to keep with the solar year....   [tags: Hexadecimal, Binary numeral system]

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The Differences between Logical, Ethical and Dialectical Reasoning

- ... In other words, if the original statement is true then necessarily the conclusion should be true as well. It does not provide any new information just a rearrangement of previous information just like deductive reasoning. Informal reasoning “possesses all the elements of formal reasoning, like the deduction part, however it also includes probabilities and truths about premises and conclusion .”It is very similar to abductive reasoning because the truth may seem obvious based of the likelihood of the situation....   [tags: philosophical analysis]

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Richard Dawkin's Essay on Darwin's Wasp

- In Richard Dawkins’s essay about Darwin’s wasp, he makes an argument that nature’s role is to ensure DNA survival. The inductive argument begins by observing the behavior of the wasp. As Dawkins observes, the wasp inserts its stinger into the central nervous system of the caterpillar and paralyzes it. Then the wasp implants larva. The larvae eat the caterpillar alive. This may seem cruel to the human mind if we apply the concept of suffering to this process, but ultimately, this is nature at work....   [tags: Aquinas, Utility Function]

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The Differences Between Induction And Deduction

- In this we essay will briefly look at the differences between induction and deduction. We will then examine Hume’s problem of induction and popular approaches to solving the problem. Finally we will consider whether Hume’s problem warrants our concern, does scientific advancement require induction to proceed or does it proceed deductively. A deductive argument is ‘truth tropic’-it leads us to true conclusions. Deductive arguments are ones where the premises entail the conclusion; as a result, it is logically impossible for the premises to be true and the conclusion to be false....   [tags: Scientific method, Inductive reasoning, Logic]

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Argument Vs. Argument : Argument

- At the heart of philosophy is philosophical argument. Arguments are different from assertions. Assertions are simply stated; arguments always involve giving reasons. An argument is a reasoned inference from one set of claims – the premises – to another claim – the conclusion. The premises provide reasons to believe that the conclusion is true. If the premises are true, the conclusion is more likely to be true. Arguments seek to ‘preserve truth’ – true premises will lead to a true conclusion. It is worth knowing a little bit more about arguments straightaway....   [tags: Logic, Inductive reasoning, Argument]

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The Procedure For Determining The Type

- The procedure for determining the type, as well as the strength or validity of arguments follows four steps in which an arguments basic structural components are identified, analyzed, and, if necessary, revised. First, one must piece apart the argument and classify each individual statement as either premises or a conclusion. Generally, the easiest way to start is by identifying the conclusion, because one can then assume the other statements are premises. If necessary, indicator words, such as “because” or “therefore” can also help someone pinpoint the premises or conclusion, respectively....   [tags: Logic, Inductive reasoning, Analogy, Argument]

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On Explanation: Aristotelean and Hempelean

- On Explanation: Aristotelean and Hempelean ABSTRACT: Given the great historical distance between scientific explanation as Aristotle and Hempel saw it, I examine and appraise important similarities and differences between the two approaches, especially the inclination to take deduction itself as the very model of scientific knowledge. I argue that we have good reasons to reject this inclination. In his recent studies showing Galileo's knowledge of and adherence to the deductive standards of explanation in science set forth by Aristotle, Wallace (1) remarks that this Aristotelean theory must not be confused with the contemporary deductive-nomological theory of Hempel and Oppenheim....   [tags: History Science Scientific Papers]

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A Comparison of Sir Frances Bacon’s Induction and Euclid's Deduction

- In this essay, I will compare Sir Frances Bacon’s method of inductive reasoning to its counterpart, deductive reasoning presented by Euclid. Induction is the process of getting the empirical truth which involves the four sources of knowledge; memory, sense perception, introspection, & reason. Induction starts from sense in primary objects. Deduction, on the other hand which is truth based upon rational thought, allows us to use a hypothesis, and examine all possibilities until a logical conclusion can be formed so those things which are true can be classed....   [tags: method of inductive reasoning]

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Critical Thinking : An Essential Component Of Daily Life

- Critical thinking is an important component of daily life. Critical thinking is fundamental in decision making, research and settling disputes. There are seven steps in the critical thinking module. The steps are identification, research, analysis, application, decision-making, evaluation, and reflection. The first step, identification is used to identify the big picture and its problems. This is achieved by having a lot of information that supports it. When using this step it is important to get all the facts to everyone that is involved....   [tags: Logic, Reasoning, Critical thinking]

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Critical Analysis And Evaluation Of An Issue

- Critical thinking is the objective analysis and evaluation of an issue in order to form a judgement. It has the quality to skillfully analyze, assess, and reconstruct. It is a “self” way of thinking because of the formations of opinions backed by facts and knowledge. Everything stems from critical thinking because it is something that is done every second. Levels of Inquiry is a part of the two types of reasoning, more specifically deductive reasoning. It is also how we go about performing critical thinking....   [tags: Critical thinking, Logic, Reasoning]

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The Scientific Method And Scientific Methods

- Ever asked a question or made an educated guess. These are the beginning steps of the ongoing process of techniques known as the scientific method. The scientific method is used by many scientists to observe the world’s nature and formulate theories. This method includes several steps that involve different forms of reasoning and concludes to either theories or laws. The steps to the scientific method are fairly easy for a scientist, but can be a long process. The very first step to a scientific method is asking a question....   [tags: Scientific method, Theory, Reasoning, Hypothesis]

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Evaluation Of A Case For An Organization Or Policy

- There are different strategies to be used when doing research. A case study analysis is one strategy. With a case study the research looks at one case for example an organization or policy. The issue is making sure that the case study does not become a longitudinal strategy or cross-sectional one. Longitudinal strategy is when the same sample is used at different points in time. This data may be collected using questionnaires and asking the same questions to the same people but at different points in time to find reasoning....   [tags: Scientific method, Qualitative research, Sampling]

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Finite Evidence and Universal Propositions

- Finite Evidence and Universal Propositions There is a lot of empirical evidence supporting the proposition '‘All metals expand when heated’. For example on many, many occasions we have observed metals expanding when heated. Because of this large amount of evidence we take the proposition to be true (or highly likely to be true). The proposition '‘All metals expand when heated’ is caled a universal proposition. A universal proposition mentions al things of a certain kind. The proposition '‘Al metals expand when heated’ is about al metals, not just some of them; it is about al pieces of metal, not just some pieces....   [tags: Ampliative Logic]

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Compare and Contrast Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methodologies

- ... (Dimiter 2003) This is a useful way of ensuring that an experiment has a strong level of internal validity. The pre-test post-test allows a number of distinct analyses, giving researchers the tools to filter out experimental confounding variables. The internal validity of this design is strong, because the pre-test ensures that the groups are equivalent. The various analyses that can be performed upon a two-group control group pre-test post-test designs are . The main problem with this design is that it improves internal validity but sacrifices external validity to do so....   [tags: experimental design]

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Teaching Science In The Twenty-First Century

- Botanist, zoo director, orthodontist, and park ranger. These are only four of the many, many jobs that need their employees to have a good background in the sciences. It is very important that children begin to be taught about science when they are introduced to the other fundamental subjects. If a child has a good understanding of science and scientific thinking, they can use these processes in everyday life. Science is also important for kids to know because it can open their eyes to an abundance of occupations....   [tags: Science]

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Science Is The Only True Reality

- Scientific Realism is the view that the world that science identifies is the only true reality. This is entirely independent of what we may view as real. For instance, a divine deity in America is God. To some here, he is Yahweh. To others, he is a she named Venus, Lilith, the Sacred Feminine, etc. In other parts of the world, this creator being is Allah. In others he is Jehovah, Krishna, Ra, etc. This is not only true regionally, but chronologically as well. However, in America 2+2=4, in India 2+2=4, and on the moon 2+2=4....   [tags: Scientific method, Theory, Quantum mechanics]

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Critical Thinking The Equation Of Life

- Critical Thinking-The Equation of Life Abstract: Critical thinkers are active in their process of the mind. Many times people use critical thinking and do not realize we are even doing so. Critical thinking/logic has had a long history in math. This critical and systemic process is used for problem solving, evaluation, analysis, and synthesis. In this paper I will discuss the history of critical thinking and how we use critical thinking in the form of mathematical applications. Critical Thinking-The Equation of Life Critical thinking is a vital element in arithmetic....   [tags: Critical thinking, Logic, Problem solving]

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Analysis Of Kraus, Sears, & Burke

- The article by Kraus, Sears, & Burke (2013) describe a model to facilitate critical thinking by incorporating nine modules in a regular college course. The article also summarizes the results of the preliminary study supporting the effectiveness of the module in facilitating critical thinking. This model to facilitate critical thinking is based on Bernstein’s (2007) steps for critical facilitating thinking: thinking about the claim; evaluating evidence, considering alternative interpretations of the evidence, and drawing conclusions....   [tags: Critical thinking, Reasoning, Logic, Paranormal]

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The Scientific Method Of Critical Rationalism

- Voltaire said “the perfect is the enemy of the good” (Voltaire 74). In striving for a perfect definition and application of scientific analysis, Karl Popper established an impractical and ineffective approach to science. In this paper, I will discuss the premises and principles behind Popper’s scientific method of critical rationalism. I will then explain where I believe his method succeeds, where it fails, and why I consider his method both impractical and ineffective. I will do so by first explaining his thoughts on science versus the status quo, then I will take the position that his approach is flawed and impractical, and lastly conclude with a commentary on why truth has to be flexible....   [tags: Scientific method, Falsifiability, Karl Popper]

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Intellectual Ability in the Workplace

- Intellectual is associated to our mind which we use our mind creatively and able find solutions to solve the problem through reason and thinking. Ability is an individual capacity, talent or skills that he or she enables to perform a job successfully when under take a certain responsibility. According to Gabriel (n.d.), intellectual ability means the skills required to perform mental tasks and apply to both academic and work settings. So that, intellectual ability play an important role in workplace....   [tags: Number Aptitude, Inductive Reasoning]

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Aristotle 's Theory Of Knowledge

- Throughout this class I have come to learn that my views best match up with that of an empiricist, and that of a virtue ethicist. I found that all the theories were interesting and had many good points, and many flaws. A philosopher who holds both of the views I agree most with is Aristotle. There are many theories concerning epistemology, the theory of knowledge all with good points. Aristotle 's theory of knowledge falls under the category of empiricism, but has its own take. He agrees that a posteriori clams are necessary for the sciences, and that knowledge can be gained through experience....   [tags: Scientific method, Ethics, Logic, Aristotle]

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Human Resources Management Practices

- The fierce marketing competition drives company to seek new resources to improve their core competences and adapt to changing of the internal and external environment of organisation. A growing number of HR professors argued that strategic human resource management can be regarded as a source of sustained advantage for competition (Zupan and Ograjenšek, 2008). But there are lots of limitations exist in previous literatures, which do not answer questions like which strategic human resource management practice is best fit to enhance performance of organisation or is there any most effective SHRM model....   [tags: research, design, method, approach]

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Use of Logic in Monty Python and the holy grail

- Monty Python and the Holy Grail Logic affects our lives everyday. We use it both subconsciously and consciously to make decisions which can be as important as our careers, or as insignificant as what to eat for lunch. Logic can also be used in other ways. Ironically, others’ bad logic can result in us learning something just as much as we learn from our own bad decisions. This is shown in Monty Python’s Quest for the Holy Grail. One example of this ironic use of logic is with the trial of the witch....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Abstract Geometry

- Abstract Geometry The ancient Egyptians and Babylonians discovered abstract Geometry. They developed these ideas that were used to build pyramids and help with reestablishing land boundaries. While, the Babylonians used abstract geometry for measuring, construction buildings, and surveying. Abstract geometry uses postulates, rules, definitions and propositions before and up to the time of the Euclid. Abstract geometry is deductive reasoning and axiomatic organization. Deductive reasoning deals with statements that have already been accepted....   [tags: Free Essays]

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Research Is An Organized And Conscientious Way Of Acquiring Proof Of Authentic Data And Information For Resolving Problems

- Research is an organized and conscientious way of acquiring proof of authentic data and information for resolving problems. It is directed as a gradual investigative path (Polgar and Thomas, 2013). Research is basically defined as “A systematic inquiry to describe, explain, predict and control observed phenomenon” (Babbie, 2013). It provides us with knowledge, medical information, standards, conventions and different perspectives. It helps us in decision making, effecting changes and assessing our delivery towards betterment of the existing system (Hulley et al, 2013)....   [tags: Scientific method, Research, Theory, Science]

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Genetically Modified Organisms : An Efficient Form Of Feeding The World 's Population

- The Differentiation of Genetically Modified Organisms through the Disciplines The advancements in genetically modified organisms have challenged earth’s current population to consider the importance of, not only providing food for a growing population, but to denote all of the potential risks and effects of genetically modified organisms. Ultimately, the growth in biotechnology defines the necessity for an efficient form of feeding the world’s population, and the inevitable economical and biological impacts that come with introducing new technology....   [tags: Genetically modified food]

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Article Analysis : Why Suv Automobiles Shouldn 't Be On The Environment

- In today’s world, the over populated of population is harming are society. One by having many automobiles out in today’s highways that will produced population due to the amount of gas that each car consumes. As it states on the article Should SUV’s be “SUVs tend to average about 16 miles per gallon in the city and 20 miles per gallon on the highway” causing air pollution the more this automobiles being to increase on to the highways the smog of these automobiles begin to accommodate, which are leading up to health problems in are citizens causing asthma....   [tags: Automobile, Truck, Pollution]

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The Common View of Science which was Presented by Alan Chalmers

- This essay aims to discuss the problems of the common view of science which was presented by Alan Chalmers by Popperian's view and my personal opinions. Chalmers gives his opinion about what science is and the judgment will be made in this essay through the Popperian hypothetico-deductive and my arguments will be presented in this essay. Popperian is an important philosopher of science who developed hypothetico-deductive method, which is also known as falsificationism. In my opinion, I disagree Chlamer points of view of science and this will be present in essay later....   [tags: science knowledge, principles, opinion]

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Using Diversity and Science to Effectively Educate Students

- Diversity is when individuals differ in race, ethnicity, gender, class, language, religion, ability, geography, and/or age. Teachers will be required to teach in diverse classrooms with a variety of inclusion students, gender, and cultures. Each and every person learns differently and at different rates. According to Culyer and Ebert (2008), “There is no age which all people are on the same intellectual level either at a starting point or as a level of attainment. Thus, you can expect that all students in your classroom will represent a range of intellectual ability” (p.84)....   [tags: Education, teachers, teaching]

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The Development Of A 9 Year Old Boy

- The purpose of this paper is to learn more about the development of a 9 year old boy, whom I will refer to as “Jay,” through observing him in multiple setting as well as interviewing him and his family. I observed Jay in his home and in the neighborhood common areas. Jay turned nine years old boy last month. He attends a public elementary school and is in second grade. Jay is a middle child, with an older brother, age 13, and a younger sister, age 5. Jay’s father works for the military and has been deployed for long amounts of time in the past....   [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]

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The Existence Of God Comes From Summa Theologica

- The first argument for the existence of God comes from Summa Theologica, written by Thomas Aquinas in the 13th century. In Aquinas’s book, he makes five separate claims, which are also known as The Five Ways. One of the arguments looks to the universe in order to prove this existence. This claim is often referred to as the “Uncaused Cause” argument. The argument makes three claims or premises which state there is an order of causes within nature, this order of causes can never go in a circle, and the order does not go backwards infinitely....   [tags: Logic, Inductive reasoning, Reasoning, Aristotle]

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The 's Last Theorem, By Michael Hutchings

- Fermat’s Last Theorem--which states that an + bn = cn is untrue for any circumstance in which a, b, c are not three positive integers and n is an integer greater than two—has long resided with the collection of other seemingly impossible proofs. Such a characterization seems distant and ill-informed, seeing as today’s smartphones and gadgets have far surpassed the computing capabilities of even the most powerful computers some decades ago. This renaissance of technology has not, however, eased this process by any means....   [tags: Mathematics, Logic, Theorem, Scientific method]

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My Life, My Fantasy, My Philosophy

- My Life, My Fantasy, My Philosophy - Descartes' Fourth Meditation, Plato’s Allegory of the Cave, Sir Francis Bacon's The Four Idols, and Walt Disney Every day is a process of discovery, and I have stumbled upon one about myself: I am a hypocrite; I live in a world of hypocrites, and here, on this earth, lies not one soul who can live happily otherwise. We have developed a defense mechanism against all that is unknown in this world and acquired a false sense of security of having control and actually knowing how it is that this world works....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Differences Between Science And Pseudo Science

- It is important to distinguish forms of reasoning in science in order to distinguish between science and pseudo-science. This essay will explore the concept of the scientific method and how it utilises inductive reasoning, followed by an exploration of Karl Popper’s argument that when scientists explore their ideas through inductive reasoning, they make it impossible for science to hold any more credibility than pseudo-science. This will then be followed a dismantling of Popper’s argument and deductive reasoning proposal on the basis that inductive reasoning is justified, falsifiable, and allows for scientific progress....   [tags: Scientific method, Falsifiability, Science]

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Rhetorical Strategies : A Persuasive Message

- A persuasive message tries to convince the audience to agree to the speaker’s position. For instance, the goal of persuasion is to lead. On account of this, persuasion is just a logical and well supported arguments; an argument is the enounce of the orator’s position with the aid of the rhetorical strategies (logos, ethos and pathos).But the question is how to be a successful persuasive speaker. The response is easy, convince the audience or change their behaviour without using any strategy that violate any of the ethical principles....   [tags: Logic, Rhetoric, Inductive reasoning, Argument]

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Theories Construction And Inductive Theory Construction

- 1. Identifying a research question Before conducting a research study, researchers or students research need to identify a research topic that interest researchers. Then formulating the research topic to a hypothesis, in other words, research question for the research. There are two possible ways of development of research question, including deductive theory construction and inductive theory construction (Babbie, 2013, pp-52-54). According to Babbie (2013, p.52) deductive theory construction has following steps....   [tags: Scientific method, Qualitative research, Research]

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Exploring The Type Of Research Undertaken

- Task 3 Question 1 How would you describe the type of research undertaken in the article. (You should cover as a minimum; Exploratory, Descriptive or Explanatory. Applied or Basic. Inductive or Deductive. Qualitative or Quantitative. Method, Sampling selection, Data analysis, Outcomes and Conclusions) justify you choice. (Murphy & Holzgreve, n.d.) This study is exploratory in nature as exploratory research is ordinarily embraced in the event that the issue is not decently characterized or is hazy....   [tags: Research, Sociology, Scientific method]

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Understanding The Quality Of Life

- Have you ever imagined what would you like when you become 55 or older. Would you confirm to society’s expectations or would you form your own “quality of life” expectations. As the body matures and grow, there are some unique characteristics that comes with growing older. There is a meaning of old age transcending the life of an individual as the universally accepted human quality in respect to transcendence search and perspective of the meaning that define what comprises a human being (Moody & Sasser, 2014)....   [tags: Old age, Middle age, Logic, Gerontology]

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Who Is Dr. James Spillane?

- Who is Dr. James Spillane. Ravitch & Riggan (2012) suggests that author James Spillane has been an innovative leader in the research of educational policy. According to the Northwestern University School of Education and Social Policy website (2016), Dr. Spillane is the Spencer T. and Ann W. Olin Professor in Learning and Organizational Change at Northwestern and has published significant research on issues of “education policy, policy implementation, school reform, and school leadership” (p.1)....   [tags: Research, Scientific method, Conceptual framework]

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Financial Hardships Of Military Men

- This source basically tries to explain the financial hardships that military men and their families encounter in the course of their job. Financial hardships affect many citizens not just in the U.S but the entire world. However the author tries to uncover how the military men are significantly affected more than the ordinary citizens. Along with this, the source also explains how these hardships may be contributing the violent behavior that some military men exhibit, for instance the Staff Sgt....   [tags: Logic, Reasoning, Critical thinking]

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The On The Computer Program

- Becker describes common mistakes she has observed in published GT research. She claims that many GT studies produced are descriptive studies rather than explanations of phenomena. Why relevant to my methodology It makes me able to produce meaningful and trustworthy health service research using GT because I can aware of and avoid the potential pitfalls, and minimise methodological mistakes in my research work. For example, misuse of the term GT inappropriately applied to a deductive descriptive approach undermines the methodology....   [tags: Scientific method, Research, Grounded theory]

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The Method Of Induction Individuals

- 1. Under the Method of Induction individuals must first collect data, the facts about the world, they have to study and make observations about the world without creating a significance behind them, basically they must not create a purpose in the process of gathering information. Secondly the data collected has to be analyzed without the influence of any hypothesis, other than the ones required for logical thought, they must be unbiased in their analysis. Then we can generate the best hypothesis from our analysis....   [tags: Scientific method, Hypothesis, Empiricism]

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Lesson Planning Through Observation of an English Language Class

- Lesson planning is an important component of teaching English language because a good teacher must make a lesson plan in order to achieve the objectives of a lesson. This term, I had a chance to observe grade 6 students.The classroom was composed of 31 students. All of them were native speakers of Turkish and their English proficiency level is elementary. In the lesson which I attended, the teacher taught simple present tense. So,the main objective of this lesson was to make the students use the simple present tense....   [tags: Grammar, Turkey, Activities]

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Max Black and Humean Skepticism

- Max Black and Humean Skepticism In this essay I will argue that the Humean problem of induction is only truly problematic when a strange, impossible definition is given to the term “reasonable”. I will begin by explaining what it is I understand Hume’s induction problem to be, and to try to flesh out the issues relevant to my case. I will then examine Max Black’s proposed solution to the problem, and show in what ways this solution is useful and why it is ultimately unconvincing. In this latter context I will invoke the work of Wesley Salmon, and then try to solve the problem that Salmon poses....   [tags: Max Black Hume Essays]

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René Descartes' Argument on the Existence of God

- René Descartes' Argument on the Existence of God The problem with René Descartes' argument about the existence of God has to do with his rationalist deductive reasoning. Descartes deduces that truth about the existence of God lies within his idea of a perfect God and God's essence (as a perfect being who must exist in order to be perfect). A rationalist philosopher, Descartes discounts human knowledge as a product of our sensory data (our senses) but supports the epistemological stance that our knowledge is obtained through the reasoning processes of our own minds....   [tags: Philosophy God Existence Religion Essays]

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Problem of Induction

- In the selection, ‘Skeptical doubts concerning the operations of the understanding’, David Hume poses a problem for knowledge about the world. This question is related to the problem of induction. David Hume was one of the first who decided to analyze this problem. He starts the selection by providing his form of dividing the human knowledge, and later discusses reasoning and its dependence on experience. Hume states that people believe that the future will resemble the past, but we have no evidence to support this belief....   [tags: Philosophy / Logic]

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Research and Design

- ……….RESEARCH DESIGN As it has been already indicated, this study has examined each of our six research questions via the interviews of colleagues in the health field and through my experiences with my clients. The Research Method Our research method is concerned with inferential procedures. That is to say, information that we obtained can be used to make inference about a much larger set of measurements called population (OTT 1988). Three health practitioners with a minimum of ten years of experience formed our sample....   [tags: Research Analysis ]

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Teaching Passive Voice

- A. Introduction As guides, teachers play a significant role in imparting grammar knowledge to students. They use their existing knowledge to enhance students’ learning ability during the process of their teaching. As regard to which method should teachers adopt, many researchers hold different views. In this article, the author mainly discusses the strategies in teaching passive voice by evaluating Miss Wong’s pedagogical approach. In the second part, the author will write a proposal to suggest an alternative teaching method regarding passive voice....   [tags: education, language, grammar, student]

Term Papers
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What´s Academic Writing?

- Academic writing is a critical part of your success as a college student, many professors require the kind of components that are included within academic writing. A rhetorical situation can be the sole factor that determines the key components within any piece of writing. It is also a way to show differences in pieces in academic writing, A rhetorical situation requires many elements this includes a properly composed thesis, ample research sources, carefully crafted citations and thorough checks for plagiarism through application, summarization and paraphrasing....   [tags: thesis statement, college career]

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An Evaluation of Workers’ and Students’ Performance: Effects of Conscientiousness and Agreeableness on Performance Appraisals

- Throughout life, people inevitably are evaluated based on their different positions, duties, and situations. As a student studying at school, school performance directly affects the level of academic achievement, while job performance strongly influences the livelihood and financial income of a hired employee. Every person in society is closely subjected to performance appraisal, which is the measurement of performance among individuals. In order to measure peoples’ performance, there are many different kinds of performance appraisals that evaluate how well people are doing with their tasks, and their performance can be rated by everyone including the workers themselves....   [tags: Competence, Work Ethic]

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The Best Way to Learn Semantic Chinese Radicals For Adult Second Language Learners

- The children and adults learn the languages differently. Children learn implicitly or automatically acquire complex grammatical structures of their first language based on experience, but adults already need more additional resources of the rules (explicit) learning (Ellis, 2005). However, the teaching Chinese semantic radicals might be taught implicitly or explicitly. Nearly every person experienced the second language learning. The great amount of research in second language acquisition was done after World War II....   [tags: education, international culture]

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1458 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

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