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Argument Vs. Argument : Argument

- ... But a valid deductive argument doesn’t have to have true premises. Here is an example: Premise 1: There are gnomes in my house. Premise 2: My house is in Oxford. Conclusion: Therefore, there are gnomes in Oxford. If the premises are true, then the conclusion must be true – so the argument is valid. But the premises aren’t both true. There are two ways that a deductive argument can ‘go wrong’. First, it could be invalid: even if the premises are true, it is possible that the conclusion might be false....   [tags: Logic, Inductive reasoning, Argument]

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The Argument For The Ontological Argument

- ... Some would say that strength of the argument is in fact that both believers of God and atheists can define God as the greatest being, which can be conceived. However, philosophers such as Gaunilo and Kant pointed out that this only proves a definition. For example, Kant used the example of a unicorn by saying that we can all agree that a unicorn has one horn. However, all we can infer from this statement is that if unicorns were to exist, then they would have one horn. In this way you can say; if God were to exist, he would have necessary existence, however that is the most you can deduce from this as you are only defining the word God....   [tags: Ontology, Ontological argument, Existence]

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St. Anselm 's Argument On The Ontological Argument

- Student #: 1001725779 TA: Michel S. Tutorial: 10am St. Anselm discovers the ontological argument and he presents an argument that supports Gods existence. In this essay, I will consider the main argument that Anselm states, and list explanations that results in the uncertainty of God’s existence. This essay will critique Anslems argument by using Gaunilo idea of the perfect island and include a priori and a posteriori to show the problematic areas of Anslems argument. We begin with the explanation of Anslems argument....   [tags: Existence, Ontology, Cosmological argument]

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An Argument for the Smoking Ban

- Have you ever been in a restaurant eating your favorite food, then just when you are about to take a bite, you inhale a cloud of smoke coming from the nearby smoking section. This has been a complaint from many non-smoking restaurant goers. While it is true that smoking cigarettes and breathing them in causes many health problems, is it fair to of take the freedom those Americans who want to smoke and enjoy their meal. This topic is very debatable and in many cases has reached compromises, but I would stand by the argument that smoking should be banned from all public areas because the unfiltered smoke is getting into the lungs of bystanders who do not smoke, and causing some major...   [tags: argumentative, persuasive, argument]

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Argument Against Abortion And Abortion

- ... Judith Jarvis’s main argument is the right to life is not an absolute right, therefore in some cases abortion is permissible. But in another one of her arguments, Jarvis says that it seems like it is not morally permissible to kill a child. Take one of her thought experiments, called the violinist case; You wake up in a hospital with a famous violinist attached to your kidneys, and he needs use of your kidneys for nine months. (1) Every person has a right to life. (2) The violinist is a person....   [tags: Abortion, Morality, Pregnancy, Argument]

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An Ethical Argument Against Abortion

- Each day throughout our world, medical professionals suction thousands of babies from their mothers’ wombs through a procedure called abortion. The law protects and provides consent to both the mother and the medical professionals for these procedures. However, the babies seemingly have no right to protection or life themselves because of the argument regarding when a fetus is determined be human and have life. Pro-life author, Sarah Terzo, in a article, relays the following testimony supporting this from a medical student upon witnessing his first abortion, “Rejected by their mothers and regarded as medical waste by their killers, society allows these babies to die silently...   [tags: Argument Against Abortion]

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Aristotle's Argument of the Polis

- In what follows, I shall consider Aristotle's’ argument of the polis, or the city-state, as presented in his Politics I.2, and expound on the philosophical implications of this particular thesis; namely, a thesis which claims that the city-state exists by nature, and correspondingly, that a human being is ‘by nature a political animal’. Along the way, I shall present two objections leveled against each claim. The first pertains to the invalidity of the argument on ends; specifically, I shall protest that when a thing’s process of coming to be is completed, even if we regard this as an end, this does not necessarily confer that such an end is a natural end, for artificial processes too, like...   [tags: argument analysis, philosophy]

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Exploring the Ontological Argument

- Exploring the Ontological Argument For nearly a thousand years, the ontological argument has captured the attention of philosophers. The ontological argument was revolutionary in its sequence from thought to reality. It was an argument that did not require any corresponding experiment in reality; it functioned without the necessity of empirical data. Despite flaws and problems found in some ontological arguments and the objections raised to those arguments, ontological arguments still provide a phenomenal vehicle for ontological discussion through St....   [tags: phylosophy, Anselm's argument]

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The History of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God

- Early elements of the Cosmological Argument were developed by the world renowned philosophers Plato and Aristotle between the years 400 and 200 BC (Boeree). Medieval philosopher Saint Thomas Aquinas expanded upon their ideas in the late 13th Century when he wrote, “The Five Ways.” Since then the Cosmological Argument has become one of the most widely accepted and criticized arguments for the existence of God. My objective in this paper is to explain why the Cosmological Argument is a reasonable argument for the existence of God, the importance of understanding that it is an inductive a posteriori argument, and defend my position against common opposing arguments....   [tags: Cosmological Argument, religion]

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The Argument from Design, by William Paley

- During the 1800th century, William Paley, an English philosopher of religion and ethics, wrote the essay The Argument from Design. In The Argument from Design, Paley tries to prove the existence of a supreme being through the development of a special kind of argument known as the teleological argument. The teleological argument is argument by analogy, an argument based on the similarities between two different subjects. This essay purposefully attempts to break down Paley’s argument and does so in the following manner: firstly, Paley’s basis for the teleological argument is introduced; secondly, Paley’s argument is derived and analyzed; thirdly, the connection between Paley’s argument and th...   [tags: Teleological Argument, Supreme Being]

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Employee Loyalty Argument By Ronald Duska

- ... Premise 1 in this argument is true, mammals do have four feet, Premise 2 is also true, Lions are mammals, and therefore the conclusion is also true that Lions have four feet. With these true premises leading to a true conclusion help us understand that this argument is deductively valid. An example of a deductively invalid argument would be as following: Premise 1) If Tom is from Michigan, then he is from the United States, Premise 2) Tom is from the United States, Conclusion) Tom is from Michigan....   [tags: Argument, Logic, Validity, Employment]

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Thomas Aquinas ' Uncaused Cause Argument

- ... Inductive arguments serve as the alternative to deductive arguments. This type of logic tries to lay out premises which make likely the truth of the conclusion. It attempts to increase the chances of the truth of the conclusion (i.e. – Every time Don Corleone has made an offer, no one has refused it. Thus, when Don Corleone makes his next offer, the person will not refuse it.). In an inductive argument, “the premises are intended only to be so strong that, if they were true, then it would be unlikely that the conclusion is false” (“Deductive and Inductive Arguments”)....   [tags: Logic, Argument, A priori and a posteriori]

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Anselm's Ontological Argument

- In Chapter 2 of Anselm's Proslogian, Anselm offers what was later to be characterized as his Ontological Argument, which is an argument for God's existence he felt was so strong that even a fool as is said in Psalms 14:1- "who has said in his heart, 'There is no God'". Anselm's argument is as follows : 1. God is 'that which nothing greater can be conceived'. 2. If someone understands a thing, than that thing exists in someone's understanding. 3. If someone understands 'that which nothing greater can be conceived', then 'that which nothing greater can be conceived' exists in someone's understanding....   [tags: plantiga's argument, god]

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The Argument for Celibacy

- The Argument for Celibacy   How could someone explain America’s loosening view of sexual intercourse over recent decades. Have our moral standards changed so much that they now accept or even encourage frequent sex. Is it just a method of rebellion as people attempt to fight conservative societal views. Perhaps we just wish to fight those who instill inhibitive ideas on us, and our forms of freedom – in this case, that of our bodies. Has American media’s desire for revenue and profit caused an increased sway towards what was previously deemed inappropriate....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Argument Essays]

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Using Crisis as a Tool for Argument

- 1) A synopsis of the argument crisis What are we going to do. It is a main topic of the chapter. The book shows us a few essays to relate to crisis. That is about the nature of crisis or college education or the relationship between two countries. They introduced to us why we have to use crisis for the argument, because it is one way to learn how to develop argument. When we get in the crisis situation, we can illustrate many different sides, and one of them will be most persuasive argument leads the direction of the argument....   [tags: Persuasion Argument]

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Anselm 's Ontological Argument For The Existence Of God

- ... Anselm does not believe the fool 's position to be true, but uses it to show that if God exists in understanding, or the mind, then he must exist in reality. Anselm states that it is one thing for an object to exist within the mind, yet another to know that it truly exists. To this end, Anselm moves on to provide an example of however one thing will exist within the mind and in reality. Anselm gives the example of a painter. Before a painter creates a picture, claims Anselm, he has an understanding of what the painting will look like in his mind....   [tags: Ontology, Ontological argument, Existence, Mind]

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Moral Argument for Existence of God

- All moral arguments for the existence of God work on the principle that we all have a shared sense of morality. Despite cultural differences, broadly speaking, humans worldwide have a vague idea of what is right and what is wrong; a moral argument for the existence of God would say that this mutual understanding is proof of God's existence. Immanuel Kant put forward this argument (although, not a moral argument); God as the source of objective morality. Firstly, he addressed the categorical imperative; our own sense of duty, and that being moral was case of following this principle, for example, paying your debts....   [tags: Religion Argument Analysis]

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Marijuana Use - A Persuasive Argument

- Richard Lowry has been the editor of National Review since 1997. He joined the magazine’s staff in 1992 after graduating from the University of Virginia, where he edited a conservative monthly magazine called the Virginia Advocate. In 1994, he moved to Washington, D.C. to cover Congress. At 33, Rich Lowry is not what most people expect of the editor of the National Review. Lowry is constantly taking readers by surprise, presenting them with his humor, his depth of knowledge and his enthusiasm....   [tags: Argument Analysis Legal Marijuana]

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Argument Analysis - Declaration of Independence

- Argument Analysis - Declaration of Independence In May of 1776 a resolution was passed at the Virginia Convention in Williamsburg that asked the thirteen American colonies to declare the United Colonies free and independent from the British crown. At the second continental congress the resolution passed and on June 11, 1776 a five-man committee led by Thomas Jefferson was established to write the Declaration of Independence. On July 4, 1776 the members of the second continental congress signed into existence one of the most influential documents in history....   [tags: Argument Analysis Declaration of Independence]

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Behind Mackie's Argument For Atheism

- Mackie in his paper Evil and Omnipotence, constructs an argument against the idea of the possibility of a God existing that has the characteristics laid out by the main religions: Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. These characteristics include that God is omnipotent, or He is capable of stopping evil, and omni benevolent, or He wants to eliminate evil and He is entirely good. Mackie systematically goes through his logical thought process as well as his response to any type of criticism or alternative solution that might arise....   [tags: Atheism Religion Argument]

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The Cosmological Argument is Self-contradictory

- The Cosmological Argument, also known as the First Cause Argument, is one of the most important arguments for the existence of God, not only because it is one of the more convincing, but also because it is one of the most used. The thought that everything that happens must have a cause and that the first cause of everything must have been God, is widespread. The cosmological argument is the argument from the existence of the world or universe to the existence of a being that brought it into and keeps it in existence....   [tags: Philosophy Religion First Cause Argument]

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Craig's Argument for the Existence of God

- Craig/Kalam’s Cosmological Argument One of the most argued topics throughout human history is whether or not God exists. It is argued frequently because there are several different reasonings and sub arguments in this main argument. People who believe God exists argue how God acts and whether there is one or several. People who do not believe God exists argue how the universe became into existence or if it has just always existed. In this paper, I will describe Craig's argument for the existence of God and defend Craig's argument....   [tags: cosmological arguments]

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The Cosmological Argument and the Mystical Argument

- The controversial topic involving the existence of God has been the pinnacle of endless discourse surrounding the concept of religion in the field of philosophy. However, two arguments proclaim themselves to be the “better” way of justifying the existence of God: The Cosmological Argument and the Mystical Argument. While both arguments attempt to enforce strict modus operandi of solidified reasoning, neither prove to be a better way of explaining the existence of God. The downfall of both these arguments rests on commitment of fallacies and lack of sufficient evidence, as a result sabotaging their validity in the field of philosophy and faith....   [tags: Existence of God]

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The Argument from Design by William Paley

- William Paley’s, The Argument from Design, talks a great deal about a being coming across a watch and questioning why the watch was there and how the watch was created there. He stated that there must have been a creator to the watch. Everything that has a design has a creator and that how nobody had ever seen the creator at work as he crafts this piece of art altogether to the point of where everything is put in place and has a purpose, that if even one thing was out of place that the watch would not tick, or for that matter, never work at all....   [tags: teleological arguments]

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Argument Against Euthanasia

- Euthanasia is a Greek word which means, gentle and easy death. However, it is the other way around. It is not a gentle or easy death because there is not a type of death which can called gentle in the world. According to Ian Dowbiggin, in Ancient Greece people used euthanasia without patient's permission. It means that, in Ancient Greece they did not care about the voluntariness. Also, there are just few doctors who adjust themselves according to the Hippocratic Oath. (250 pp.) After coming of Christianity, church learnt how evil suicide was and they told people killing another person or themselves was a brutal behavior....   [tags: Argument Against Assisted Suicide]

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Ernst Mayr's One Long Argument - Creationism vs. Evolutionism

- Ernst Mayr's One Long Argument - Creationism vs. Evolutionism Challenging the accepted order of society always brings a wave of criticism and contempt. In Ernst Mayr's One Long Argument, he aggressively brings to the forefront of debate the notion that his predecessors had heatedly argued for years, that man is not a divinely created creature, but rather just another animal in a state of constant change. Examining the path Charles Darwin, had followed in his attempt to better understand the evolutionary path of man, noted biologist Ernst Mayr explains Darwinian theory in respects to not only evolution but also in respect to the belief that man is somehow a creature made of a higher d...   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Argument Essays]

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Epicurus 's Argument On The Death Argument

- ... This is the point I will argue in the paper. A4 rests on a very faulty premise and thus A5 must be revised. Section 2: Arguing The Epicurean Death Argument Epicurus was admittedly a Hedonist, and this philosophy has had a huge influence on his work. Especially so on his death argument. Hedonism is, “the doctrine that pleasure is the only thing that is good in itself for a person, pain the only thing that is bad in itself for a person.” (Feldman.) Here I will explain my objection to Epicurus’s argument....   [tags: Suffering, Pain, Philosophical terminology]

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Argument in an Essay

- Argument can be defined as claim or thesis statement. The aim of an argument is to convince audience. It is essential to make sound argument so that audience could engage in and align with the author’s view. Therefore, one of the key elements could be identified as the awareness of audience. Another key element is evidence. In order to persuade audience, argument should be consolidated through evidence and authority. The credibility of author and argument could be enhanced by means of using evidence and referring to authorities....   [tags: Education, College, Thesis]

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The No Selves Argument

- Thomas Nagel, in “Brain Bisection and the unity of consciousness,” presents a thesis for the nonexistence of selves in human beings. Selves, in the case of Nagel’s argument, are the physiological bases of mind that constitute the subject of experience. A self may be thought of as the fundamental person, or the “Personal Identity”. There has been substantial difficulty in identifying the number of persons present in a human being, and the initial and seemingly apparent answer of “one” becomes less convincing upon inspection of further evidence....   [tags: Neurology]

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An Argument for Conservatism

- Neoconservatism is a variant of the conservative ideology which holds positions that fall between traditional and individualistic conservatism (Ball and Dagger, 2011b, p. 113). Many of the ideas and beliefs that neoconservatives hold, which continue to evolve today, were developed in the 1970s by “disillusioned liberal intellectuals” as a result of the tumultuous societal conditions that were occurring in the United States at the time (Ball and Dagger, 2011a, p. 170). To elaborate more fully, author Irving Kristol, the man known as the godfather of neoconservatives, says, “Many neoconservatives can be described as disenchanted welfare liberals....   [tags: neoconservatism, conservative ideology]

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Annotated Argument-The Belle Curve

- Table of Contents The Bell Curve Chapter 1 – “Cognitive Class and Education, 1900-1990 1) It is not just the case that more people are going to college, but that the brighter students are the ones attending. 2) Admission became more related to I.Q. than in the past. 3) There is a small part of the population that are expected to fill positions of power, yet they cannot relate to the majority of the population. Chapter 2 – “Cognitive Partitioning By Occupation 1) The correlation between I.Q....   [tags: Annotated Argument]

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The Teleological Argument

- William Paley and David Hume’s argument over God’s existence is known as the teleological argument, or the argument from design. Arguments from design are arguments concerning God or some type of creator’s existence based on the ideas of order or purpose in universe. Hume takes on the approach of arguing against the argument of design, while Paley argues for it. Although Hume and Paley both provide very strong arguments, a conclusion will be drawn at the end to distinguish which philosophiser holds a stronger position....   [tags: Philosophy/Religion]

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An Argument Against Gun Control

- Should the mere fact that criminals committing crimes with the use of guns infringe the national right of the innocent to possess guns. This is a question that arouses everywhere and no matter which way it is viewed the controversy will always go on. "A gun is a mere tool that can be used for good or evil. Our country is based on the belief that man is good until he or she is proven to be otherwise."(Harris p.2) This means that only a few people are committing crimes with uses of guns and why completely remove them from society....   [tags: Argument Against Gun Control]

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The Bachelor's Argument

- Dan Moller defends the argument he calls “the bachelor’s argument,” which is an “argument against marriage.” By pointing out how not everyone that gets married isn’t guaranteed a happy and successful out come, such as a happy and loving marriage. If we were follow through with the bachelor’s argument as if it was set standard set in stone, not giving marriage a chance could possibly lead to the lose of one finding true because they never got a chance to marry the person they thought they’d love and could have lasting relationship....   [tags: Relationships]

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An Arrogant Argument

- One of the most destructive and arrogant persons in history was Adolf Hitler. The destruction that he and his regime brought on humanity has seldom seen its equal. In reality the Holocaust was a terrible horror, but in Hitler’s mind it was merely a brushstroke in the masterpiece that he believed he was creating. Hitler believed that the Aryan race was superior to all others and that it was only natural, and not cruel, that the higher would show no humanity toward the lower (296). This prejudiced belief predominated Hitler’s thinking....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]

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Argument of Power

- In this paper I am addressing the following question; are conditional accounts of forgiveness true. Conditional forgiveness is when the victim does not forgive the wrongdoer until he/she repents or comes forth with some type of merciful act. “Conditional accounts traditionally make the appropriateness of forgiveness conditional on the severity of the offense and the attitudes and behavior of the offender.” (Wolfendale, 344) Conditional account, waiting to forgive until the wrongdoer repents, leaves the power in the hands of the wrongdoer....   [tags: Case Study]

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Clarifying an Argument

- Clarifying an Argument Sherry Turkle, a professor at MIT, current director of the MIT initiative on Technology and Self, in her 2007 “Can You Hear Me Now?” for Forbes Magazine, she addresses the topic of technology and discusses society’s growing attachment and alienation caused by it. Turkle wrote the article for an educated, older and business interested audience, there are references and terms that need clarification for most people. She discusses the Blackberry throughout the article, which is not concretely defined....   [tags: Article Analysis, Technology Effects]

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Argument for Euthanasia

- Argument for Euthanasia You were in a tragic car accident on your way to work. You have been in coma for years. Your family is not only devastated because of your state, they are also having a hard time trying to pay off all of your expenses. You were not insured, and your family is forced to keep paying the bills needed to keep you “alive”. Your family is going completely bankrupt and you still show no sign of getting better. Your family wants to pull the plug, but doing so would be illegal in the United States; so the doctor doesn’t permit this....   [tags: Healthcare System, Patient Rights]

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The Arguments Against The Arguing Atheism Argument

- ... God is dynamic, active; becoming as opposed to a static being. So here is where the process perspective becomes relevant. It is a consistent theistic argument. Whitehead, a mathematician and radical empiricist, provides an understanding of human experience as a unity of largely unconscious feelings of the body and its environment. Out of this unconscious physical experience, sensation and thought arise. Emotions, purposes, values, memories, and anticipations are more fundamental than sense experience and thought....   [tags: Atheism, God, Human, Theism]

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The Argument of Sociology is Based on Relationships

- Creating a good argument, this is an argument which will persuade the opposing side into accepting that the claim which was made, as well as the grounds of the claim, is different for each social science. It is usual for individuals to pull from their personal experiences, their views, morals, and interpretation of things when formulating an argument. The same goes for the various social sciences. Each social science approaches an argument in a different manner, and gives different aspects of an argument a higher regard....   [tags: Sociology Essays]

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Descartes ' Argument For The Existence Of God

- ... It is vital for Descartes to bring this premise about so that he can justify his claim that his ideas of God can come from an outside source. This allows him to later site God as the thing that gives him his ideas. The third premise of Descartes’ argument attempts to give the readers a better understanding of the idea that he has about God. Descartes says that God is a perfect being while also being infinite (157). He must describe his own thoughts on God in this premise because it sets up the rest of the argument to help prove that this thought is not just a random one that came into his mind....   [tags: Mind, Thought, Human, Existence]

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The Invalidity of the Cosmological Argument

- ... These ways have started philosophers to debate and question his arguments ultimately made the cosmological argument debatable. The cosmological argument is however not a valid argument in explaining the existence of god because the conclusions do not logically follow the premises. The main point in the cosmological argument is the first cause. As stated (by Aquinas) the world cannot be infinite and must have an initial cause, known as god. This was Aquinas’ second way, efficient causes. Aquinas’s used physical observations on Earth to come up with his theory, nothing can being itself into existence....   [tags: god, universe, fallacy]

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The Argument For Skepticism About Induction

- ... (inferred from 1 and 4) Hume begins in section IV part II of Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding by explaining how he sees inductive reasoning. He states “the mind draws a conclusion; it takes a certain step, goes through a process of thought or inference, which needs to be explained. These two propositions are far from being the same: (1) I have found that such and such an object has always had such and such an effect. (2) I foresee that other objects which appear similar will have similar effects” (16)....   [tags: Logic, Inductive reasoning, Reasoning, Philosophy]

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The Argument For The Existence Of God

- ... In other words, things have order or regularity. Aquinas says that “this is clear from the fact that they always, or usually act in the same way so as to achieve what is best” (Aquinas 26). It then follows that since things have order, they must be goal oriented. Aquinas is saying that the course of actions that unintelligible beings have are directed by God. Aquinas would argue that his argument is logically valid. For him, God designs a thing’s essence. Therefore, a thing does a course of action because of this essence or characteristic put by God, the intelligent designer....   [tags: Soul, Metaphysics, Aristotle, Logic]

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Working For The Success And The Completion Of The Argument

- ... This complication could also affect the effort my partners ' managed to give to complete this assignment. Consequently the application of my knowledge and understanding of the task did not prove to be enough to effectively write an argument, however, the reason why I managed to succeed was due to the little experience I gained in my previous year. Even though many do not view this experience as very resourceful, I do not concur with whomever has that perspective. The grading in this class is fair within my point of view, however, many classmates might not have the same view as I....   [tags: Critical thinking, Learning, Knowledge, Writing]

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Reading Response : Argument And Analysis

- ... Furthermore, the purpose of the persuasive arguments as mentioned before is to change a point of view in order to produce a change. Last but not least, explorative arguments and argument to make a decisions almost go hand in hand. For instance explorative arguments aim to address serious problems in society, while argument to make decision aim to address personal problems. Both of the arguments require to make sound decisions to dissolve the issues. Lastly, arguments to meditate or pray are used to release pressure in a spiritual way....   [tags: Rhetoric, Regulatory Focus Theory, Logic]

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Abortion : An Argument For A Secular Audience

- Abortion Taking out the trash, or taking a human life. That is what most the argument is with abortion, some believe that abortion is okay because the fetus is not yet a person, and that the fetus will be nothing but trouble. On the other side people believe that even all the way down to the zygote (when sperm meets the egg and earliest stage of pregnancy) there is a human growing in you. A growing boy or girl, with their own little fingers, and toes, their own cute as can be toothless smile, and their functioning organs....   [tags: Pregnancy, Abortion, Want, Fetus]

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The 's Argument On The Personhood Of A Fetus

- “I argue that it is personhood, and not genetic humanity, which is the fundamental basis for membership in the moral community” (133). This is the central idea in Mary Anne Warren’s argument on the personhood of a fetus. She argues that in order for a genetic human being to be considered a person, he or she would have to possess all of the six criteria’s of personhood which include sentience, ability to reason and emotionality. In order to determine the viability of the personhood of a fetus she argues two things....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Virtue ethics, Human]

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Descartes Argument for the Existence of God

- Descartes employs what is known as an ontological argument to prove the existence of God. Saint Anselm who lived during the 11th century first formulated this type of argument. Since then it has proved popular with many philosophers including Rene` Descartes. Even though ontological arguments have lost popularity with modern philosophers there has been some recent attempts to revive them. Descartes formulation is regarded as being one of the best because it is straight forward and relatively easy to follow....   [tags: philosophy, theology]

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Argument Against The Morality Of Abortion

- ... However apart from this argument some people due understand the life but believe the mothers right to her body trumps the life of the unborn living child. This argument is much more valid than that of deeming a “bundle of cells” life less. However the argument against pro-life is exactly the opposite. “Life is not established scientifically, it is established philisophically” This is the driving force behind many pro-choice and the one against the pro-life....   [tags: Human, Morality, Ethics, Human rights]

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The Dream Argument By Rene Descartes

- ... With the argument, Descartes says you cannot trust what your sense are experiencing because there have been times where you thought you were awake but in reality dreaming, eventually coming to a realization that what was occurring was strictly in the mind. Descartes believes that, we cannot differentiate, the difference between a dreaming and waking experience. Since this happens sometime, you must admit that this could possibly be the state of all time. You can 't know that what you think is happening is really happening....   [tags: Mind, Epistemology, Metaphysics, René Descartes]

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The Dream Argument by Rene Descartes

- One of Rene Descartes’s most famous arguments, from his not only from his first meditation but all of the meditations, is his Dream Argument. Descartes believes that there is no way to be able to distinguish being in awake from being in a state of dreaming. In fact you could actually be in a dream right now. Rene Descartes’s theory that one is unable distinguish being awake from dreaming, as interesting as it is, can be at times a little farfetched, along with a few contradictions to himself, Descartes’s dream argument does not entitle himself to any sort of claim....   [tags: Descartes Theory, Dreaming, Awake]

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The Argument For Utilitarianism And The Virtue Theory

- ... A fatal flaw against the theory is comparing happiness. Utilitarianism states that in order to create the most happiness, we need to only do actions to promote the greater good. Harwood brings up the point of how is it possible to know which action will promote the greater good. It is impossible to compare people’s happiness to know who will benefit greater from an action, so it is impossible to know if we are really promoting the greater good with an action. Because there is no way to compare happiness, the theory lacks a concrete way to improve it and falls flat in comparison to other theories....   [tags: Virtue, Ethics, Deontological ethics]

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An Argument for the Permissibility of Active Euthanasia

- Recently I have gone through the very difficult struggle of seeing my father come face to face with death. He was in the hospital, in a comatose state for nearly eight days. During that time, because he left me as his medical proxy, I was the one that made the decision about what course of action was to be take. It is my aim in this paper to address the question of whether or not it is ever permissible to actively aid in the death of another person. I will attempt to argue that active euthanasia can at times not only be permissible, but the correct action to take....   [tags: Assisted Suicide, Right to Die]

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The Argument Of A Defense Of Abortion

- ... Thomson’s article explains them by citing few examples. Considering the fact that in majority of the abortion cases, the mother’s life is not at stake and a woman wants an abortion for a less weighty reason. Thomson, J.J. mentioned that if the conception of the fetus happens due to voluntary intercourse, where a woman indulges in the voluntary intercourse knowing that it might lead to pregnancy, then she is in part responsible for the existence of the unborn person inside. Thomas J.J. illustrates an example of pregnancy due to voluntary intercourse, Thomson presents the ‘people-seeds’ situation: “Again, suppose it were like this: people-seeds drift about in the air like pollen, and if y...   [tags: Pregnancy, Abortion, Fetus, Uterus]

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The Argument Of Ancient Greek Historians

- ... Some archaeologists believe that this may be the king. Historians have found tomb paintings in Egypt which state that the Minoans had a ruler. However, they do not tell us about the gender or identity of this individual. Some historians believe that we should look at the surrounding civilisations when trying to figure out if the Minoans had a male dominated monarchy. For instance, Christos Boulotis has suggested that the Egyptians had male rulers. Boulotis expands on this idea by suggesting that it would be unlikely for the Minoans to have a completely different political system....   [tags: Minoan civilization, Knossos, Crete, Linear B]

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The Argument Of Parenting And Its ' Results

- ... “If you don 't want to sink, you better figure out how to swim”(page 66 Walls), this quote really applies to me. Some nights my mom had to go to her second job so she could provide for us, I was needing a lot of help in my personal problems but sometimes you just gotta figure it out on yourself. You can’t always depend on someone to help you because life is rough. My dad wasn’t there to help me and my sister being 4 years younger at the time wasn’t someone I could depend on for help. As I grew up and as well as Jeanette Walls, we both faced adversity, obviously, in many different ways, but also alike....   [tags: Parent, Mother, Father, Parenting]

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The Strongest Argument Of Defense Of Abortion

- ... Since it is permissible to unplug the violinist, it is also morally permissible to undergo an abortion. The woman’s bodily rights outweigh that of the foetuses ‘right to life’ because a woman has authority over her body. A woman’s body can be described as her ‘sovereign zone’ which means that if she feels something is violating her personal sovereignty, then she has the right to decide what happens to it. However, an objection that has been put forth by Sharon Berry is that we are indeed morally obligated to continue supporting the violinist, even if it results in your death....   [tags: Pregnancy, Fetus, Abortion, Childbirth]

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The Argument Against Good And Evil

- An age long question that determines one’s values, morals and ethics is the belief that God does or does not exist. Although each individual response to this specific argument can be as simple “yes, I do” or “no, I don’t”, the justification for both opinions can take a more logical and complex turn. Throughout the years, there have been many compelling arguments that have been made by both sides of the spectrum yet ultimately only one can be seen as being true. Using the morality argument, both ends believe it will support their standing....   [tags: God, Morality, Religion, Logic]

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Evaluation Argument : Stereotypes And Stereotypes

- Sean Ly March 20, 2015 Trista Martin LA202-OL4 Evaluation Argument Essay Stereotypes Stereotype is a wide topic that covers many aspects in the society. Stereotypes are harmful because it makes an impulsive judgment based on immediately observable characteristics such as race, gender, and religion. Stereotype can be defined as a common belief towards a certain group of people or an individual. There are many types of stereotype and the major ones are race, gender, religion, income and age and disability....   [tags: African American, Black people, Race]

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The Argument for and Against Gender Quotas

- Discuss the arguments for and against gender quotas aimed at increasing the percentage of women in national parliaments. Consider the implications of your argument for different quota systems. The debate regarding gender identities in politics is today a protruding aspect in our society. Both the domestic and international gender roles and norms are central in the developments in the field of political science and International Relations. The inclusion of women into formal politics through quota systems is one of the key issues in focus for both the current societal debate as well as much of the academic work in the field....   [tags: gender identities, affirmative actions]

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The Argument Of A Defense Of Abortion

- ... Thomson’s article explains them by citing few examples. Considering the fact that in majority of the abortion cases, the mother’s life is not at stake and a woman wants an abortion for a less weighty reason. Thomson, J.J. mentioned that if the conception of the fetus happens due to voluntary intercourse, where a woman indulges in the voluntary intercourse knowing that it might lead to pregnancy, then she is in part responsible for the existence of the unborn person inside. Thomas J.J. illustrates an example of pregnancy due to voluntary intercourse, Thomson presents the ‘people-seeds’ situation: “Again, suppose it were like this: people-seeds drift about in the air like pollen, and if y...   [tags: Abortion, Pregnancy, Fetus, Uterus]

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The Argument Of A Defense Of Abortion

- ... , Etc. are few of the various questions that are always difficult to determine. Thomson’s article explains them by citing few examples. Considering the fact that in majority of the abortion cases, the mother’s life is not at stake and a woman wants an abortion for a less weighty reason. Thomson mentioned that if the conception of the fetus happens due to voluntary intercourse, where a woman indulges in the voluntary intercourse knowing that it might lead to pregnancy, and then she is in part responsible for the existence of the unborn person inside....   [tags: Abortion, Pregnancy, Fetus, Embryo]

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The Zombie Argument and Physicalism

- In the field of philosophy, zombies are imaginary creatures that are used to illuminate problems regarding consciousness and its relation to the physical world. As compared to those in witchcraft or films, zombies are exactly like human beings in every physical aspect but without conscious experiences. However, zombies behave like humans and some of them even spend considerable amount of time discussing consciousness. While few people believe in the existence of zombies, many state that they are at least conceivable and some argue that they are possible....   [tags: consciousness, behavior, philosophy]

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The Argument of Whether Robots Are Human

- “Man is a robot with defects,” (Emile Cioran, The Trouble With Being Born). Humans' are not perfect, but we seem to strive for perfection, so who is to say that in the future robots will not out number the human race on Earth. In Star Trek: The Next Generation, the character Data is very much a robot and not human, being composed of inorganic materials but designed with a human appearance (an android), but does that make it just a robot. In the show it is proposed that for one to be a sentient being and a person they must possess three qualities, intelligence, self-awareness, and consciousness....   [tags: Intelligence, Technology]

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Distinction between a Negotiation and an Argument

- The Problem The important distinction between a negotiation and an argument is a successful negotiation should end with mutual agreement. By the end, both party’s relationships should not be severed or damaged in anyway. Efficiency is also very important because no one wants to feel like he or she is wasting his or her time. The longer a negotiation lasts the more of a risk a person will lock in to a position. With any negotiation, the positions will flex and change as the sides reach a compromise....   [tags: the quest for mutual agreement]

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An Argument For The Affordable Care Act

- An Argument for the Affordable Care Act President Obama’s initiative to ensure that every American has health insurance is one of the major topics being fiercely contested in the political arena today. Proponents of this bill cite that the high cost of health care in the United States is unjust and that affordable healthcare needs to be accessible to every member of society. Opponents of this bill believe that the Act is unconstitutional because it is in violation of a person’s civil liberties....   [tags: Health care, Medicine, Health economics]

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An Argument Against Animal Testing

- There have been many attempts to validate the case against animal rights. It has been perceived that humans are separate beings from animals not only on a physical level, but also through rational autonomy and morality. There is a forgotten aspect in this argument though. Within society there are many people who do not have these qualities, including the mentally disabled and babies (Singer). This creates the assumption that to consider animals deficient of rights is to insinuate that the mentally disabled and babies are void of rights as well....   [tags: Rational Autonomy, Morality]

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Argument About Evil in the World

- The argument from evil for the non-existence of God has been a widely disputed question in religious philosophical debate. This question is trying to explain how a traditional God allows for certain evil in the world to occur when he has the ability, knowledge, and capacity to stop these events from occurring. A ‘traditional’ monotheistic God, such as the one found in the Judeo-Christian religion, is supposed to be omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent. If God contains these three traits, then that means that he wants to stop evil in this world, he knows how to, and he is powerful enough to prevent evil from happening....   [tags: Deity, Perfection]

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Cultural Relativism Is A Weak Argument

- In this paper I will argue that cultural relativism is a weak argument. Cultural relativism is the theory that all ethical and moral claims are relative to culture and custom (Rachels, 56). Pertaining to that definition, I will present the idea that cultural relativism is flawed in the sense that it states that there is no universal standard of moral and ethical values. First, I will suggest that cultural relativism underestimates similarities between cultures. Second, I will use the overestimating differences perspective to explain the importance of understanding context, intention and purpose behind an act....   [tags: Morality, Cultural relativism, Culture, Ethics]

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The Argument For And Against Euthanasia

- The word euthanasia is derived from Greek language where 'eu’ meaning good and 'thanasia’ meaning death. Euthanasia is also known as the practice of intentionally ending a life of person who is either suffering from an incurable disease or is in immense pain. In other words euthanasia is physician assisted dying (PAS). The influence of scientific and medical discoveries in the recent times has changed the nature of debate on human euthanasia, and people on opposing sides have different arguments on human euthanasia....   [tags: Euthanasia, Death, Medical ethics, Suicide]

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Fallacies And The Weak Arguments By Learning

- ... Those girls might not study enough for the class that does not mean any class of Dr.Taylor will be difficult. Some people need help for example, what is the class is more easy to take, it does give us a clear idea about the what is the best class to take, but not guarantee that would be easy. In my opinion, trusting something without full study might not be accurate at the end. if we look outside of the box and see what comes first the knowledge or the experience, we will see that without knowledge we won 't have experience....   [tags: Fallacy, Argument, Critical thinking]

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Analysis of Adam's Argument To Eve

- In Book IV of Milton’s Paradise Lost, Eve recounts her memory of her first living moments to Adam. Eve relates that upon seeing Adam, she turned around and began walking in the opposite direction. Eve then quotes the exact words Adam used to convince her to stay: “Return fair Eve. …my other half” (page 91, lines 481-488). Upon examining Adam’s words, I discovered that Adam takes advantage of Eve’s lack of knowledge when reasoning with her. He doesn’t tell her everything. He keeps a few pieces of important information to himself....   [tags: Character Analysis]

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1152 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Conservative Argument Of The Welfare Program

- Conservative Viewpoint The quote “”The clear and direct tendency of the poor laws is in direct opposition to these obvious principles: it is not as the legislature benevolently intended, to amend the condition of the poor,but to deteriorate the condition of both poor and rich; instead of making the poor rich, they are calculated to make the rich poor.( David Ricardo,1821) from Economic Issues Today: Issue Two supports the Conservative argument of the welfare program in the United States being both skeptical and rendering to the U.S economy ....   [tags: United States, Unemployment, Liberalism]

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The Ethical Argument Of Genetic Engineering

- ... Will this child then resent the fact that their parents signed them up for this experiment. Also if a genetic disease is modified out of our genes and then no longer exists will this “impact the rights of the disabled with genetic diseases” (Araki). Will genetically modifying our offspring become mandatory. The biggest problem that people have with genetic engineering is the question of whether it is morally wrong or not. Many religious people believe that genetic engineering is “playing God” (DiSilvestro)....   [tags: Human, Ethics, Genetics, Morality]

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Analyzing Maxwell And Pierces ' Argument

- ... Maxwell and Pierce’s saying, “Something is missing that’s natural and healthy for human offspring to have, and something is present that’s in one sense better, but in another sense no longer human.” describes how having a disorder is perceived. It’s not necessarily a good thing but at the same time it gives you abilities that other people can’t experience and makes you one of a kind. Some critiques of Maxwell and Pierces’ argument in my opinion would be how Chris’s body movement a way of life shows light on the eugenic observation of beauty being humiliated....   [tags: Human, Thought, Race, Hominidae]

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1019 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

A Argument Against The Wage Act

- ... The major labor unions in the country, including the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organization, Service Employees International Union, the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, the Teamsters, and United Auto Workers, all have already voiced support for the WAGE Act and have promised to rally and put the force of their respective unions behind supporting the bill. A further advantage the WAGE Act has on passing than past failed attempts, is that the WAGE Act is much different than these attempts made by Congress to change the labor laws in the country before, especially the most recent failure of EFCA....   [tags: Employment, Law, National Labor Relations Act]

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The Argument Against Uniforms in Schools

- I don’t think children or teens should have to wear school uniforms. It deprives them of their freedom of speech. They should have the right to wear what they want when they want. The uniforms are degrading and appalling. Everything would be dull and boring if everyone looked the same and wore the same stuff. Whatever happened to our U.S. Constitution. Some kids become stressed out and could get depressed because they cannot choose what they can wear, In Our own country. The land of the free and the home of the brave and we can’t even choose what we wear....   [tags: Freedom of Speech, Socioeconomic Differences]

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The Argument for Reincarnation in Hinduism

- The concept of reincarnation is related to karma, karma deals with a system of rewards and punishment based on the actions of the individual (Oxtopy & Segal 266). Due to bad karma by the individual, it takes many lifetimes for the karma to be worked out; reincarnation also known as samsara in Hinduism is an ongoing cycle of death and rebirth. To be released from the cycle of samsara, to achieve moksha one must reach enlightenment (Oxtopy & Segal 266-267). In the Bhagavad Gita, Krishna, an incarnation of the ultimate deity as a personal god in the Hindu religion, explains three ways to moksha: the way of action, the way of knowledge, and the way of devotion....   [tags: karma, samsara]

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An Argument for Same Sex Marriage

- In a country where diversity is the key to success and freedom of speech and religion is seen as a motto, it is hard to believe that many Americans don’t follow what they preach. If America is the land of opportunity and diversity then why are so many same sex couples being shunned. If Americans support religious freedom, then the act of shunning same sex couples because their religious views don’t follow what most people believe should be put to an end. Based on this logic, society should accept these same sex couples instead of turning their backs on them in affairs dealing with adoption and marriage. “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are...   [tags: religion, bias, adoption]

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