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Athenian Democracy and Pericles

- The march towards developing a democratic society is often obstructed with societal unrest due to the influence of the status quo on the instruments of power. Before the rule of Solon, Athens underwent this same rule, as there was much discontent among the social classes in Athens. The society suffered financial disparity that often was the trigger for the war among the rich and poor in the society. This was a major factor that forced Solon into power to institute policies that would see a reformed Athens....   [tags: Pericles Essays]

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Pericles' Funeral Oration

- It is widely known that the Athenians highly valued their warrior class, and they saw the warriors as a ring of the higher circle of the society. The Athenians were very proud of Athena and its traditions, as well. Athenian’s thought that Athena was the best, none could be better. The funeral oration was aimed to respect the fallen as well as to keep up the national pride and its passion to protect their nation. The speech was a eulogy which focused on the eminence of Athens and its predecessors....   [tags: Pericles, Athens,]

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The Impact of Pericles in the City of Athens

- Imagine a general of immense wealth, integrity, and great perverseness. This description fits a certain person well: Pericles. Pericles was a brave man, and he did things to the best of his abilities. He was born a wealthy child, and of course used this to his advantage. He honestly thought that he could have a big impact on the city of Athens and maybe even the entire world. He have thought this way because, “His father Xanthippus had himself been a military commander for Athens at the battle of Mycale in 479 B.C....   [tags: athens, pericles, cimon, Peloponnesian War]

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The Funeral Oration of Pericles

- We can learn several things from the “Funeral Oration of Pericles“. Two of these things are, the Athenians respect for their warrior class and how the Athenians were exceedingly proud of their city and its customs. The Athenians respected the warrior class and placed them among the top members of their society. They were seen as the top portion of their classes. They are classified as heroes or idols. The Athenians are extremely proud of their city and its traditions. To the people of Athens their country was at the top and there was no other country that could top them off....   [tags: Pericles Funeral Oration Essays]

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The Importance of the Warrior Class Exposed in Funeral Oration of Pericles

- There are two important matters that the "Funeral Oration of Pericles" proves, these two matters are, the great respect that Athenians have for their warrior class and how the Athenians were exceedingly proud of their city and its customs. The following paper discusses the way of life of Athenians and how the Funeral Oration of Pericles influenced it. It is a well-known fact that the Athenians had a great deal of respect for the warrior class and believed them to be among the top members of their society....   [tags: Funeral Oration of Pericles]

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Pericles: A Man of the People

- Pericles was born in Athens to an aristocratic family roughly in 493 BC (Lewis). His father, Xanthippus, was a military leader in the battle of Mycale in 479 BC where the last vestiges of Xerxes’ fleet were defeated (Halsall). Pericles’ mother, Agariste, was a member of the Alcmaeonid family (Lewis). Given that he was of aristocratic birth Pericles obtained his education from some of the greatest minds in Greece (Lewis). He was educated musically by Damon and philosophically by Zenon of Elea and Anaxagoras (Pericles (c....   [tags: Government]

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Athenian Leader: Pericles the Great

- In the present day, Barack Obama and many more inspirational individuals possess traits of leadership that influence a multitude of people. Going back even farther, Gandhi, Martin Luther King Jr., and Rosa Parks were also leaders. In the Ancient World though, people like Alexander the Great, Ramses the Great, and Hammurabi were significant leaders. The one common similarity among all these leaders is that they all influenced their people and revolutionized the world. Pericles is also among this extravagant group....   [tags: Biography]

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Analysis Of ' Pericles ' And ' Odyssey '

- First similarity we can discuss between Pericles and Odyssey is, at some point in their stories, they were both a castaway, meaning, they both found themselves in a place where they had no power nor shelter. Pericles, who ran away from king Antiochus, lost his pride and status when he found himself surrounded by people from lower classes. He was wet, angry and had no where to go: “Wash 'd me from shore to shore, and left me breath nothing to think on but ensuing death”. What we can analyze from this quote is that Pericles feels kind of betrayed by how bad his life turned out at the moment....   [tags: Odyssey, Trojan War, Athena, Intervention]

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Prosperity and Peril at the Peak with Pericles

- In the Age of Pericles, from 491 until his death in 429 BCE, Athens thrived. In this short period, Athens was a place of reform and advancement, giving us our sources of democracy, architecture, and the dramatic arts. Here, great minds such as Socrates and Sophocles congregated; here, ideals flourished. These developments of the Age of Pericles distinguish it as a high point in Greek society and, indeed, all Western civilization. From the start of his career in government, Pericles provided the Athenian people with the foundations of democracy....   [tags: Philosophy, Greek]

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Pericles And Aristophanes : Unjust Speech

- Philosophers as well as ordinary people have different ideals and morals. They sometimes agree on things, but most of the time they contradict each other on certain ideas or principles. Both Pericles and Aristophanes were wise men that analyzed certain aspects of life that are essential for a thriving society. Although Pericles has a point on democracy being the essential way to rule Athens, through seeing Aristophanes’ evidence I argue that unjust speech can corrupt the society because it makes people engage in selfish behavior and make bad decisions that affect everyone....   [tags: Plato, Democracy, Socrates, Athenian democracy]

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Pericles, The Heroic And Beloved War

- Socrates and Pericles represent the two different sides of Ancient Athens. Pericles, the heroic and beloved war general, represents the facade that Athens projected of a powerful, strong, and respectable government. On the other hand, Socrates, the rebellious philosopher who was executed for teaching the youth of Athens about Gods that were not recognized as Gods by Athens, represents the weaknesses in the Athenian government that feared anyone who challenged it enough to have him killed. The two men had very different ideals of what kind of democracy and way of life would be best suited for Athens....   [tags: Plato, Democracy, Athenian democracy, Aristotle]

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Pericles

- Pericles was born in Athens to in an aristocratic family sometime around 493BC (Lewis). His father, Xanthippus, was a military leader in the battle of Mycale in 479BC who defeated the last vestiges of Xerxes’ fleet (Halsall). Pericles’ mother was Agariste was a member of the Alcmaeonid family (Lewis). Given that he was of aristocratic birth Pericles received his education from some of the greatest minds in Greece (Lewis). He was educated musically by Damon and philosophically by Zenon of Elea and Anaxagoras (Pericles (c....   [tags: Ancient History ]

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Pericles And Aristophanes ' Unjust Speech

- Philosophers as well as ordinary people have different ideals and morals. They sometimes agree on things, but most of the time they contradict each other on certain ideas or principles. Both Pericles and Aristophanes were wise men that analyzed certain aspects of life that are essential for a thriving society. Although Pericles has a point on democracy being the essential way to rule Athens, through seeing Aristophanes’ evidence I argue that unjust speech can corrupt the society because it makes people engage in selfish behavior and make bad decisions that affect everyone....   [tags: Plato, Democracy, Athenian democracy, Athens]

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Analysis Of Pericles ' Funeral Speech

- In Ancient Greece people valued democracy, wealth, entertainment, knowledge, and many other things however what is also important is what the Ancient Greeks clearly did not value. Of the many things, people, are possibly one of the most undervalued commodity in Greece include women, and slaves. There are also many other things that the Greeks did not seem to value one of which was anti-corruption measures. The Greeks seem to put most of their time and effort into society in many different ways from Gymnastics to plays even their houses are purpose built for social events....   [tags: Greece, Athens, Alexander the Great]

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Pericles Biography

- 1 The aristocrat Pericles was responsible in every way for the development of the Athenian democracy. Pericles was one of the rare men who didn’t just accept the world’s conditions, but he tried to shape it to an image in his mind, the image of a perfect, or almost perfect democracy.# He was a high government official in the Athenian democracy during the years 446-429 B.C., which is now called the Periclean Age. He wasn’t the founder or inventor of democracy but he came to its leadership 50 years after it started while it was still growing or developing....   [tags: Ancient Greece, Biographical Essay]

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Power of Respect in Pericles' Leadership of Athens

- Respect, it is a very simple gesture; however the individual who chooses to be respectful can gain a lot more in return. This was proven through the success of an Athenian political leader, Pericles, who was known for getting his argument across without offending the listener. The gift of communication was something Pericles learned to use to his own advantage. His well worded speeches can be found on the pages of the History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides, where it is clear that his sharp tongue and outspoken personality have played a key role in his political career....   [tags: Politics, History]

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Pericles Funeral Oration : The Athenian Era

- Pericles Funeral Oration is a speech that was given by Pericles whom was the Athenian 's Strategos (military commander) and written down by the famous historian, Thucydides that was an Athenian that attended the speech. The speech is Pericles effort to rally the Athenian people and lift their spirits and moral at a funeral after losing soldiers or member of war in the first battle of the Peloponnesian war, so that they would continue the good fight and not give up. Pericles attempts this by telling the Athenian people that their way of life, their form of democracy, what their ancestors fought for, their great military and policies, their constitution are all at stake and they m...   [tags: Peloponnesian War, Ancient Greece]

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The Father of Democracy: Solon, Cleisthenes and Pericles

- Since the beginning of time, humans have found habits to dominate one another. This type of domination is expressed from mere fighting, to more advanced systems like democracy. Democracy is a system of government by which the whole population is completed through elected officials. This advanced form of government was only beginning in ancient Greece. Between the 5th and 6th century of ancient Greece, Solon changed the world. The Athenian government was known to be established in 460BCE and was ran by tyranny....   [tags: tyranny, council, solon reform]

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Pericles’ Funeral Oration: Athenian Exceptionalism

- ... He believes the division of political power equally amongst citizens inevitably leads to laws that benefit the Athenian people as a whole. This in turn increase overall equality, and by extension, social mobility. Such a government is a just government in the eyes of Pericles, and thus, a shining example of Athenian superiority. “[Athens’] administration favors the many instead of the few; this is why it is called a democracy. If we look to the laws, they afford equal justice to all in their private differences; if no social standing, advancement in public life falls to reputation for capacity, class considerations not being allowed to interfere with merit; nor again does poverty bar the...   [tags: government, democracy, military]

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Greece's Golden Age Under Pericles' Rule

- Greece’s Golden Age can be defined as a time of flourishing. There are many changes that occurred during this time that changed Athens for the better. Athens made the important decision of splitting itself from Sparta, who they constantly differed with. “It is from this split that the Athenian Empire was created” (Hunt 80). This split illustrates the certainty that the Athenians possessed in terms of creating a better nation. Athens developed an empire because democracy was expensive. In order for democracy to be created, you need an empire to raise money....   [tags: History, Sparta]

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Comparison of Lincoln's "Gettysburg Address" and Pericles' "Funeral Oration"

- ... He introduces repetition twice in the speech. First, he introduces it with the words “we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground.” With the duplication of the word “cannot”, Lincoln states that they are not able to dedicate, consecrate or in other words hallow the ground any more than the living and dead who served there had once done. He then concludes the speech with repetition using the words “To the people, for the people, by the people” which in this case is repeating the word “people”....   [tags: tone, devices, themes, survive]

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Pericles’s Funeral Oration and Greek Society

- Pericles’s funeral oration was given to honor the soldiers lost in war by commemorating the military accomplishments of the Athens government and to distinguish the roles of men and women in Athens society. Pericles’s speech was given in 430 B.C.E at the end of the first year of war. He then died a year late in 429 B.C.E. Pericles’ Funeral Oration is included in Thucydides’ writing titled History of the Peloponnesian War. Pericles gave a few reasons for giving this funeral oration. The main purpose Pericles gave his speech was to praise the Athenian war dead....   [tags: Ancient Greece]

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Significance of Pericles' Death

- Significance of Pericles' Death The death of Pericles was a significant event in the course of the Peloponnesian War; however, even without Pericles' leadership the Athenian Assembly had countless opportunities to prevent their loss and chose not to take them. The fickleness and inefficiency of democracy ('the mob') allowed the Athenians to be easily influenced and therefore electing populists such as Cleon, Lysicles and Hyperbolus into dominant leadership roles. Election, via democratic means, of such populists, meant that the Athenians would take a much more aggressive approach to the war and therefore abandon the policies that Pericles had previously established....   [tags: Ancient Greece Greek History]

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Pericles Uplifting Speech

- Pericles Uplifting Speech Works Cited Not Included To stand in front of thousands; to speak the words aimed at persuading a crowd; to believe, and have them as well, a seemingly just cause - this is what a leader must do. Every era has its trouble, its own conflict, and along with it, its own leader who will do what he can to unite his followers. In 431 BC, Athens was in the midst of a war, and from that war came a speech, said by Pericles, that to this day, remains the model for any leader seeking to persuade his citizens and have them believe and act in favor of their land....   [tags: Cultures Athens Public Speaking Soldiers Essays]

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Pericles Funeral Speech

- Pericles’ Funeral Speech Athens democracy has some evident differences of its own system compared to Sparta’s. They do not copy anyone else form of government, but run theirs in a unique way. In Athens everyone seems to receive fair treatment and poverty is not a struggle they encounter. Pericle informs that the people are friendlier and more respectful neighbors that Athens neighbors. Their individual system is like no others. Athens provides many activities such as regular games and sacrifices....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Pericles Funeral Orations And Its Impact On The American Civil War

- It is perhaps one of the greatest unspoken truths that tragedy can be used to advance the positions and agendas of a group or a singular individual. Whether this agenda is good or bad for the populus is something that is indeterminate and varies from situation to situation. This action is not a modern creation however, as Pericles funeral orations clearly exhibit a political agenda. Specifically Pericles is pushing a military agenda which takes the form of a rally cry to whip the sadness of the populus into a anger against the Peloponnesian League and specifically the city state Sparta....   [tags: United States, Abraham Lincoln, Iraq War]

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The Characteristics Of A Ideal Citizen By Christine De Pizan And Thucydides ( Through The Voice Of Pericles )

- Though some view it as something that is concrete and cannot be changed, gender is an idea of how each human perceives themselves. Gender is nothing but a concept that is very fluid and can change throughout each generation. Unfortunately, though there is potential for change, human kind has barely made the effort to do so until recent years (barely) and continues to pretend as though these views of the sexes are set in stone. There is still this idea remaining that men should be the “ideal citizen” that brings honor, and that women should be meek and seen not heard....   [tags: Gender, Gender role, Woman, Female]

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The Golden Age of Athens

- Greece’s Golden Age can be defined as a time of flourishing. Athens made the important decision of splitting itself from Sparta, who they constantly differed with. “It is from this split that the Athenian Empire was created” (Hunt 80). This split illustrates the certainty that the Athenians possessed in terms of creating a better nation. Athens developed an empire because democracy was expensive. In order for democracy to be created, you need an empire to raise money. Both Sparta and Athens created different leagues in an effort to intensify their dominance....   [tags: Pericles, Democracy, Aristotle, Virtue]

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William Shakespeare 's The Tempest, The Winter 's Tale, And Pericles

- The English Renaissance was a time period in which many great plays, sonnets, and writers became famous. William Shakespeare was the most famous writer to come out of this time period, and is regarded as one of the best English writers of all time. Known for his creative use of words, he wrote thirty-seven plays and one hundred fifty-four sonnets. He even invented new words when there were no words in the English language that truly expressed what he wanted. Influences such as Shakespeare 's culture and family, affected his writing, giving it unique traits that are commonly found in his writing....   [tags: William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet]

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Comparison between Classical Athens and Han China

- Despite the social hierarchy and acceptance of position of the population in both societies, Han China and Classical Athens had disparities proportionate to their physical sizes. The geographical isolation from each other resulted in the differences in demographics, characteristics of government structures, individual duties and roles in government, and the general view of life. The east to west length of the Han Empire dwarfs the city-state of Athens. The maps of Classical Greece and Han China display the basic geography of each area....   [tags: han empire, athens, pericles]

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Ideals of Democratic Citizenship in Funeral Oration by Pericles

- Ideals of Democratic Citizenship in Funeral Oration by Pericles When dealing with the extent to which Socrates is a good example for following the ideals of democratic citizenship, a good source to use as a point of comparison to his life is the principles laid out about that citizenship by Pericles in his Funeral Oration. In the Oration, Pericles brought forth certain ideas about Athenian democracy and how its citizens should live their lives in accordance with it. He held these views to be paramount and used them in association with the principles of Athenian Law to prove a persuasive point that Athenian democracy had to be one with the people to survive....   [tags: Papers]

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The Use of Rhetoric In Athenian Democracy

- Rhetoric was a major factor in the development and maintenance of the Athenian government and was used by many in order to gain power and ascend in politics. The ascendance of the great demagogues in Athens during the time of the Peloponnesian war was heavily influenced by their rhetoric and ability to effectively guide the Athenian democracy. The democratic government was composed of two groups: “public speakers […], those who made proposals and publicly argued for or against political projects, and demos, those who as a group decided on the proposals” (Yunis, 1991: 179)....   [tags: pericles, athenian democracy, political rhetoric]

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The Ritual Of Funeral Services At The Metropolitan Museum Of Art

- In Ancient Greece it was believed that as soon after someone took their last breath that funeral services should begin immediately. The Greeks had a time honored ritual to follow when it came to death and that was conducting a proper burial. Most often, a woman relative of the deceased would partake in the intricate ritual. There was three main parts of the burial rituals “the prothesis (laying out of the body), the ekphora (funeral procession), and the interment of the body or cremated remains of the deceased” (Department of Greek and Roman Art)....   [tags: Ancient Greece, Parthenon, Pericles, Greece]

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How Athenian Nature Is Delineated through Pericles' Funeral Oration

- In The History of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides chronicles the events, battles, and democratic processes of the war between Athens and Sparta. Shortly after war broke out, Pericles delivered his funeral oration in honor of the courageous Athenians who already perished in battle. Through his funeral oration, Pericles reveals the true nature of Athenians. Ultimately, they were good natured since all the citizens of Athens willingly and dutifully served their country, and ultimately the common good; the structure of Athens and its government provided many outlets to do so....   [tags: World Literature]

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Female Sexuality at Sea in Heywood’s Fair Maid of the West and Shakespeare’s Pericles

- From mermaids to female Navy officers, the relationship between women and the sea, in both history and literature, has been a complicated one. Mariners traditionally had conflicting superstitions involving a woman’s place on a ship, and this sense of conflict spills over into two Early Modern works of drama—namely Heywood’s Fair Maid of the West and Shakespeare’s Pericles. Bess and Marina, the main female characters of both plays, walk a fine line between captors and masters of the sea, and similarly between the roles of strong heroines who act outside of their gender-roles and hetero-normative females who are mastered by the plays’ respective male characters....   [tags: Fair Maid of the West]

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The Peloponnesian War

- In ancient Greek history, we are able to find and learn about many important wars that took place. Arguably, one of the most devastating and important wars in Greek history was the Peloponnesian War. The war lasted for a brutal 27 years, which resulted in a tremendous loss of life and economic turmoil for Sparta, Athens and their allies. The reason that this war was so important was the effect that it had on Athens and its political system. As a result from the Persian Wars, Greece felt the need to form an alliance to defend themselves against future attacks....   [tags: perikles, ancient greek]

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The Golden Age Of Greece

- During the golden age of Greece as a whole, there was one leader of a city-state that produced his own golden age. Pericles was one of Athens most recalled rulers for his success. He sparked an age for the artistic and the thinkers of Athens. He was an open-minded leader which supported all of the arts and promoted the outside thinking of philosophy. He developed a system of democracy for his city-state to instill in which the majority gained a say in the government. Although not everyone believed Pericles was great....   [tags: Ancient Greece, Sparta, Classical Athens]

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Thycydides and The Peloponnesian War

- The perspective that Thucydides took to write History of the Peloponnesian War gave his work, on a first read, the impression that his opinion was removed to provide an objective analysis of the destruction of the greatness of Athens over the period of the war. He began with a “medical history” of how humanity structured the first societies based on the interplay between fear, interest, and honor. Then, progressed to how war devolved the great Athenian society. Which took Thucydides from revisiting eloquent speeches over strategy to simpler retellings of brash disputes....   [tags: Athens, War, Medical History, Athenian Society]

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The Parthenon- A Culture in Itself

- One of the most impressive accomplishments of Ancient Greece is the remarkable structure of the Parthenon on the Acropolis. The Parthenon is one of the most inspiring works of architecture known to mankind. The project of the extraordinary Acropolis was taken on by one of the most influential leaders of history, Pericles. Pericles influenced not only the building of one of the grandest works but the example of democracy displayed by the Greeks. The architecture was unique for its time, it featured excellent structure,the breathtaking Metopes featuring the epic battles of the gods, the Frieze a detailed sculpture displaying a procession of Greeks, and was built to house the magnificent statu...   [tags: Architecture]

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The Funeral Oration For Athenian War

- Pericles in 430 / 431 BCE recited his famous Funeral Oration at the annual public funeral for Athenian war casualties. This speech which is considered by many to be one of the most beautiful works of oratory/literature in history was recorded by Thucydides. By his recording of the Funeral Oration, we must question his motives – what would cause Thucydides to preserve this speech through writing. One answer could be that Thucydides noticed Athens was at a cusp (a point of inflection) in Athenian history / society....   [tags: Peloponnesian War, Ancient Greece]

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History of the Peloponnesian War

- In Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War, Pericles commends the ergon of Athenian heroes, which has placed them in the realm of logos, while directing the Athenians to follow these ideals of logos. The maintenance and continued success of Athens' political establishment relies on the prevalence of polis, rationality and discourse over family, emotion and reckless action. However, the indiscriminate turns of fate and fortune, often place logos in opposition with the base, primal nature of ergon....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Thucydides]

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How People Helped to Shape the History of Ancient Greece

- Many problems had occurred in Ancient Greece. There were also many great minds that were able to overcome these problems and rise above the struggles. The people in Greece were not responding to the historical forces that may have been upon them, and out of their control. Rather, they were the people who had ideas and acted upon them. Therefore, changing history into what we know it as today. In 570 BCE, Cleisthenes set up the first democratic government in Athens. In 483 BCE, the people of Athens had found silver in the Laurion Mines....   [tags: greek history]

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Jacks in the box

- Pericles’ Ideology of Democratic Society. Democracy of today can be traced back to the Funeral Oration speech of Pericles‘. We can outline the ideology behind democracy from his speech. Democracy is now the largest form of government to exist in today’s society. There are two forms of democracy’s that exist: Representational which is used by the United States, and Direct which allows the people to get involved and was used by the Greeks. So its said that Athenian democracy are more democratic than ours....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Anaxagoras of Clazomenae- Greek Philosopher

- Anaxagoras of Clazomenae- Greek philosopher who was truly gifted Anaxagoras has been described as the last major Greek philosopher. Anaxagoras was an Ionian. He was born in what today is Turkey. Not much is know of his early life. We know that he came form a rich family but gave up that wealth to devoe himself to science. Anaxagoras is considered to be the first to introduce philosophy to the Athenians when he moved there in about 480 BC. Pericles rose to power during Anaxagoras’s stay in Athens....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Social Tension in Athens: The Second Peloponnesian War

- One event that caused Social tension in Athens during the fifth-century B.C.E, was known as the second Peloponnesian war (461 B.C.E.). Ancient sources from this period including, Epitaphios Logos and Lysistrata, when coupled with additional evidence, reveal social tensions Athenians confronted during this time. This describes Athenianism which caused tension - in building. At the end of the Persian wars, Athens materialized along with Sparta as the two leading powers in the Greek world. As Athens grew in confidence, their promotion of ‘Athenianism’, was a bid to place Athens as leader of its empire....   [tags: Peloponnesian war, Athens, social tension, war,]

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Athens Should be Admired According to Funeral Oration Speech

- Pericles, the leader of the Athenians had presented this oration about those people, who had first fallen in battle. It is part of their law and show the respect of honor to those who had lost friends and families. The purpose of Pericles’s speech was for the ancestors the supervisors, who died for their country and lands. This famous oration was from the early days of Peloponnesian war. The speech was for every Athenian and any others who wished to attend. Athens was one of the oldest first city states and still known as one of the most famous cities in the world....   [tags: customs, democratic, pride]

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Who Wants To Be Next In Line

- WHO WANTS TO BE NEXT IN LINE. In Greek words translated as I obey actually mean I get myself persuaded. For a man there is perhaps always something a little shameful about obeying someone – as if allowing yourself to be persuaded is a thing a warrior or hero would be embarrassed to find himself happening to him. The common goal of the Periclean Age was to establish a nation that was built on freedom and beauty, however the methods by which to achieve such a democratic state were and continue to be as individual as the people residing in Greece....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Long Peloponnesian War

- After the Persian War, Athens and Sparta changed spectacularly. Because of Athens success in winning, it gave them confidence and they became a new and improved civilization. On the other hand, the Spartans were having difficulties after the war. They had a major trouble in their economy and lost most of what they had in the wars. The Spartans heard about Athens accomplishments and they became furious. In their furry they decided to invade Athena and attempt to regain power. This battle lasted 27 years and then Athens was at last defeated by the Spartans....   [tags: athens, sparta, war, success]

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Ancient Greece And The Classical Period

- After suffering through 350 years of depopulation, poverty, and backwardness, ancient Greece entered an era that is perhaps the richest and most complicated in Greek history. Historians refer to this era as the Archaic Period (800-480 BCE), a period that witnessed colonization and a new age of intellectual ideas (Lloyd). Marking the end of the Archaic Period was the Persian Wars, in which Greek triumph ensured the survival of Greek culture and political structures. As Greece shifted toward diplomacy, it entered a Classical Period (480-323 BCE)....   [tags: Peloponnesian War, Ancient Greece, Sparta]

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The Parthenon And The Golden Age

- The Parthenon was built during the Golden age in Athens, Greece. The Parthenon is made of mainly columns; there is a 9:4 ratio. It was almost destroyed in war; the ruins that remained were dedicated to Athena. The purpose of the Parthenon was to house the statue of Athena, made of ivory and gold, and also Athena’s treasure. The ratios and the equations used to make the Parthenon were used as a sign of the harmony in the natural world around us. The mathematical harmony in the world shows how we can work with the world rather than destroy to make it what we want....   [tags: Parthenon, Athens, Acropolis of Athens, Phidias]

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The Notion of War in the Eyes of Thucydides, Homer and Aristophanes

- Greek classical literature is considered to be the canon of literary writing that pertains to the ancient history of Greece. Greek literature displays the classic lifestyle, culture and beliefs of the Greek race during the early portions of mainstream ancient and classical European history. Prominent Greek writers such as Thucydides, Homer, and Aristophanes produced pieces that are regarded, up to this day, as af conveyer of Greek life in the context of classical Europe. Looking deeper into their respective works, Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War, Homer’s Iliad and Aristophanes’ Lysistrata all show a common theme in ancient Greek life –life in the context of war....   [tags: Greek Literature ]

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Power and Politics: Athens’ Fall from Grace

- ... As the Athenian economy and military became intertwined with the Delian League, the unofficial Athenian Empire was born. In the second half of the fifth century BC, Athens became, as historian Chris Butler states, an “imperial democracy” by holding hegemony over its empire. Because of Athens’ excessive rule over the Delian League, several cities attempted to end their affiliation with the League. However, all the revolutions were quickly suppressed by Athens. The most notable of these include the Thasian rebellion, which began when the citizens of the island of Thasos saw their interests threatened by the Athenians colonization near their city....   [tags: governmental shift, world history, greece]

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The Battle Of The Peloponnesian War

- “War is a matter not so much of arms as of money.” Thucydides The bloody brotherhood war during the ancient Greek, known as “Peloponnesian War”, that remains and continues nowadays in different ways. The desire and the power to control everything, forever, it can be a tragic, as history has shown. Athenians and Spartans have conducted the greatest war in the humankind history. The long and comprehensive war through alliances and leadership for three decades, with different policy and strategies from the both sides politically and militarily, were the biggest determinants for the ends....   [tags: Sparta, Peloponnesian War, Ancient Greece]

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Augustus Caesar And The Roman Culture

- Augustus Caesar, Emperor Constantine, and Pericles were all significant leaders and each of their cultures were very influential. Augustus Caesar led Rome’s transformation from republic to empire, and served as its first emperor until his death. Emperor Constantine on the other hand served as a Roman army officer, as well as emperor of Rome from 306 to 337 CE, generally understood as the first Christian Emperor of the Roman world. Pericles, was a prominent Greek statesman, orator, and general of Athens during the Golden Age....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Rome, Augustus]

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Thucydides at His Best

- The true essence of human nature is seen during times of great hardships as can be seen comparing Pericles' Funeral Oration and the plague in Thucydides', The History of the Peloponnesian War. Thucydides accounts for many different aspects of justice, power, and human nature through his text. The order, the style of his writing, choice of words, and relations of what he believes actually happened, allows the reader to make different inferences about the message he's trying to convey. The juxtaposition of the two stories portrays many different characteristics to investigate and analyze....   [tags: World Literature]

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ontemporary Thinkers: Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Aguinas

- Contemporary Thinkers: Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Aguinas Question #1 : Please discuss the political organization of the Greek city- states, particularly Athenian democracy at the time of Pericles, Plato, and Aristotle. Also discuss the backgrounds of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle and the fate of the Greek city-states historically. During the time of Pericles, Plato, and Aristotle, Greece was divided into city-states with a wide variety of constitutions, ranging from Sparta's military dictatorship to Athens' direct democracy....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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The Peloponnesian War

- The Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) was a conflict between the Athenian Empire and the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta that resulted in the end of the Golden Age of Athens. The events of the war were catalogued by the ancient historian Thucydides in The History of the Peloponnesian War. Thucydides’ writings showed the ancient Greek belief that there is a parallel between the city-state and the character of its citizens; in order for the city-state to be successful, its citizens must be virtuous....   [tags: Sparta, Peloponnesian War, Ancient Greece]

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A Brief History of Ancient Greece: Politics, Society, and Culture (

- In the “Protagoras,” Socrates and Protagoras debate why participation in government is open to all citizens, but technical matters, such as health, works of art, and the construction of buildings require qualified individuals. The argument presupposes that integrity and acumen are the necessary virtues that citizens must lean and apply for a properly functioning democracy. Democracy is designed to concentrate the power of government in the hands of the people and protect against autocracy and oligarchy....   [tags: Protagoras, Democracy]

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Analysis of Good Government Viewpoints of Ancient Greece and China

- Many great civilizations have come and gone and have left a lasting impact in our world. However, very few have had such a lasting impact in world’s history like ancient China and Greece. Both civilizations have influenced us tremendously and have given us much knowledge that guides how we think, behave, and live our lives. Even though both civilizations gave us many things such as philosophical views and values, their contributions in government set them apart based on their contributions to our current governmental system....   [tags: ancient china, ancient greece, politics]

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Thomas Aquinas ' Theory Of The Christian Faith

- Thomas Aquinas’ theory alone does not solely prove the ideas of the Christian faith, but in multiple scriptures in the bible the idea of basically turning ones cheek to violence is well shown. Secondly the acceptance of other religions is not fondly taken by the Christian faith. The Christians are firm believers that they are the only true and really accepted faith in the eyes of God. To initiate the crusades the infamous Pope Urban convinces all that this is the “Will of God!” (Encounters, pg.114)....   [tags: Islam, Christianity, Religion, Crusades]

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1264 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Athenian Er A New System Of Government

- The Ancient Greeks were nothing if not influential. Ever since it 's formation in the 8th century B.C., Greek civilization has impacted many of the world 's greatest thinkers and shaped the landscape of Western Civilization. Aside from their art and philosophy, the Ancient Greeks were particularly interested in politics and, in the case of Athens, a new system of government known as: democracy. Long before the American founding fathers declared their independence from Britain, Athenian citizens governed their own state and voted to solve political turmoil....   [tags: Athenian democracy, Ancient Greece, Democracy]

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Views on Death in Ancient Greece

- The war between the Athenians and the Spartans as written by Thucydides was a great one that no other that had ever occurred could be compared to, so says Thucydides. Thucydides views the preparations on both sides to have been perfect and that the Hellenic race was joining the war as well. He considers it the greatest faction yet recognized in history, of the barbaric world rather than to the Hellenes alone. From the second chapter of his book, it is clear that the war between these two groups was not to the advantage of the Athenians....   [tags: Thucydides & Peloponnesian War]

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Athenian Fortunes Throughout the Peloponnesian War

- Patronage Who commissioned the building. A brief period of Athenian prosperity rose to the occasion following the Peace of Nikias in 420BCE. When the city was at the height of her powers, the moment of optimistic opportunity allowed time for sufficient capital to accumulate. Her leader Pericles resolved to restructure the sacred rock and its associated monuments adjacent to an articulate proposal. The resources of the city accounted to a substantial proportion of building funds, with reinforcements provided by surplus from the war treasury of its allies in the Delian League....   [tags: peace of nikias]

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The Peloponnesian Of The Athenian War

- The Peloponnesian War marked the ending of the Golden Age for Greece. After years of prosperity in art and literature, it abruptly came to an end when Athens and Sparta decided to wage war on one another. At the time, Athens and Sparta were the two most powerful city-states in Greece and they both believed that they could not be stopped by anyone or anything-- except for one another. Sparta and Athens pitted the Peloponnesian League and the Delian League against one another, the two leagues representing the listed cities respectively....   [tags: Ancient Greece, Sparta, Peloponnesian War]

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Greece's Role in Shaping the Western Civilization

- Greece's Role in Shaping the Western Civilization The ancient Greeks contributed much to Western civilizations. They made contributions with architecture and government. Ancient Greece's philosophers and mathematicians have made contributions to western civilizations. The art and drama of Greece also affected western civilizations. The Ancient Greece culture has made many contributions to western civilizations. Ancient Greece contributed architecture and government to western civilizations. The Parthenon was built to dedicate the goddess, Athena....   [tags: History, Social Studies]

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Ancient Greece : The Parthenon

- The Parthenon Introduction One of the most famous structures from Ancient Greece is the Parthenon. A temple built for the guardian goddess of the city, Athena. Figure 1 is a picture of the Parthenon. I have Chosen the Parthenon because I think it is one of the best examples of a classical building. In my work I will review the architecture. To do this I will use different works from different authors and sources. After which I will present my ideas and thoughts. The Parthenon, a temple for Athena, was built on top of the acropolis in Athens....   [tags: Parthenon, Athens, Doric order, Athena]

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A Society Discovered

- A Society Discovered Researchers have recently uncovered evidence of an advanced civilization, named Athens, that flourished in the 400's B.C. That evidence is in the form of three writings, which have recently been discovered. One of these works was, "The Peloponnesian War", written by Thucydides, who was believed to have been a historian in Athens. The next two forms of writings were poems written by Sophocles and Aristophanes. These two poems were entitled "Antigone" and "Lysistrata." All of these works point out many different aspects of this great civilization....   [tags: Papers]

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Roots of American Democracy

- When referring to classical antiquity period, most think of Greece and Rome dominating and flourishing in the areas of philosophy, sciences, mathematics and literature. One other admirable achievement, the establishment of early forms of democracy, came from this time period and should not be overlooked as it is the historical basis of our government today. The Founding Fathers of the United States were influenced by Greek and Roman concepts in law, government structure, and even philosophy. Concepts described in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States can be traced back historically to the classical antiquity period, and show that the United States governme...   [tags: Government]

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The Athenian playwright, Aristophanes

- The Athenian playwright, Aristophanes, has been considered to be one of the greatest writers of comedy in literary history. His plays have been used as sources for political and social history, as well as works of literature and drama.1 Throughout Aristophanes’ writings, he made particular use of politics, war, societal figures and women as main themes. When considering other historians of fifth century Athens and their accounts of society during that time, one can begin to fully recognize Aristophanes’ conservative political and progressive social views as well as the satiric nature of his plays....   [tags: Domestic Developments, Athens, Literary Analysis]

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Direct Democracy and Athens

- ... ( Pericles funeral oration p.4) This quote means Athens are the model and the teacher of all Greece city state and also their man had different and god gave them different abilities for them, in other word their citizen had distinct. The second one is their building. That means they were highly in architecture. For instance, “ Athenian architecture was of the most important types of art that still survive, which like anthills, are strong and sturdy. This form of art was extinct in Greece from the end of the Mycenaean period, which is about 1200 B.C....   [tags: history of good government]

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The Plague of Athens

- ... Therefore, the Athenians crimes could never be judged, they never live long enough to be punished. It left the population time to live in crime as they awaited death. The once valued Athenian morals also ceased to existed in that period. The population did not bother to accomplish any of the morally accepted laws. Meaning that since no one would ever be there to acknowledge it or they could ever gain benefits for it, it was normal for some not to complete any. For them, it was considered a waste of time to be morally just because they all would perish....   [tags: epidemics of the ancient world]

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The Role of Language for Thucydides and Sophocles

- In Thucydides' On Justice, Power and Human Nature and Sophocles' Oedipus plays, they use language and speeches to convey the same things. The political orders in these works use their speeches to form a sense of purpose, sway political views and to manipulate for their own personal self-interest. In both of their works, Thucydides and Sophocles write of a speech that instills a sense of ambition. In On Justice, Power and Human Nature, Pericles uses the oration not only to respect the departed, but to instill in the Athenians national pride and a zest to fight....   [tags: Comparative Literature]

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Ancient Athens

- Ancient Athens The last Olympic swimmer just touched the wall and the race has ended. Cameras are replaying every single movement from the race and a winner has been clearly decided. Just as these Olympic swimmers will gain a medal for placing, ancient Athens had numerous accomplishments of its own. Athens “prosperity … was due in large part to its stable and effective government” (SOURCE 1). When analyzing the history of ancient Athens, is easy to see how the accomplishments of a democracy, Greek philosophy, and Greek literature all shape Athens....   [tags: democracy, Greek phylosophy, Greek literature]

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The Goldilocks Government

- In Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War one sees differing interactions between the self-interest of the state and of the individual; In his account of the Greatest War of all time Thucydides attempts to define human interactions in relation to the State. Max Weber says “authority is power accepted as legitimate by those subjected to it” The three divisions of authority are the “charismatic authority”, “the traditional authority”, and “the rational legal authority”. The scope of this paper is to look at the leadership of Pericles, Cleon, and Hermocrates in respect to Weber’s three divisions of authority to explain why Hermocrates’ ability to lead won Thucydides admiration....   [tags: Thucydides, Peloponnesian War, Weber]

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The Importance of Good Leadership Expressed in The Histories of Polybius

- In The Histories of Polybius, Polybius suggests to the audience that it is absolutely necessary for a city to have a well-respected leader in power in order to make progress within the city. In asserting this idea, Polybius specifically refers to the city of Athens. His defense consists of a well fitting metaphor comparing Athens to “a ship without a commander” in which “fear . . . or danger . . . induces the mariners to be sensible and attend to the orders of the skipper,” but when there is no danger or fear, the mariners are likely to, instead, disrespect their superiors and fight with one another (Polybius 6.44)....   [tags: The Histories of Polybius]

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The Contributions Of Augustus Caesar, And Emperor Constantine

- Pericles, Augustus Caesar, and Emperor Constantine were all great influences during their time. So once they were all deceased and were brought together in the afterlife, there were always great stories and discussions of their time on earth and all that was accomplished by not only them, but by their culture as a whole. One time, before their most notable argument, Augustus Caesar briefly stated that it was a “blessing and a curse to be associated with the Roman culture because even as the most important contributor to art and architecture in the Western world”, his time as an emperor was actually very stressful and long winded....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Roman Emperor, Rome]

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Ancient Greek: The Birthplace of Western Civilization

- Ancient geek was the birthplace of western civilization about 4000 years ago. Ancient Greece produced many magnificent achievements in areas of government, science, philosophy and the fine arts that still influenced our lives. Old Greece influenced western progress in governmental issues. Greece had the first known popular government. In Greece Athens was the support of majority rules system in the western human advancement. The Greek had a state man who name is Pericles. Pericles had three objectives, to fortify majority rule government, hold quality in the realm and to commend the Athens....   [tags: philosophy, fine art, socrates]

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Athens : The Beacon Of Culture

- Athens was the beacon of culture in the ancient Mediterranean world. This polis produced written language, democracy, created art, structured great architectural works, and made many other countless, modern achievements. Traditionally, Athenians chose a path of nomos as opposed to phusis and would criticize individuals who deviated from that path, mainly through social ostracism. However, Athens slowly began to lose its identity with the loss of self-control and traditional values. This drastic change over time was what led to the downfall of the once amazing metropolis of Athens....   [tags: Sparta, Peloponnesian War, Athenian democracy]

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Analysis Of Homer 's The Odyssey

- The notion of arête has been a prevalent idea in the history of Greece and Rome. Arête means excellence, excellence that is manifested in the outward form; and indeed, when one looks at what remains of ancient Greece and Rome, that is most likely the first thought that comes to mind: excellence. This idea of arête is perhaps most prevalent in pieces of literature written by names like Tyrtaeus, Pericles, Vergil, and Homer. Whether it be excellence of the empire, excellence of their gods, or excellence of oneself, their works always had the notion of excellence in mind....   [tags: Roman Empire, Roman Republic, Augustus, Carthage]

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James Joyce's The Dead - Failure to Create Wholeness from Gnomon

- The Failure to Create Wholeness from Gnomon in The Dead      There is little doubt in anyone's mind that Gabriel's speech in "The Dead" is a failure. It is harder to understand what exactly he was trying to accomplish. The almost archaic style contradicts the lighthearted content, and what we are left with is a rambling oration which seems to produce nothing. Reading through the speech, one can not help but be struck by its wondrously odd and seemingly antiquated phraseology:   [Let us] still cherish in our hearts the memory of those dead....   [tags: Joyce Dead Essays]

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