Your search returned over 400 essays for "Chinese History"
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Chinese Political History

- Chinese political history harkening back to dynastic rule recalls notions of a highly centralized government, a bloated and corrupt bureaucracy, and the limited power of commoners to significantly change their circumstances, much less how they are governed. With the introduction of political reforms in recent years meant to fortify local governance by allowing the Chinese people to elect officials, scholars have paid increased attention to the effectiveness of these local governments. In the readings I selected from Perry and Goldman (2007), this effectiveness of village-level local governments in relation to the central government, as well as the extent to which longstanding bureaucratic an...   [tags: Chinese History]

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Chinese History: Hawthorne´s Chinese Heritage

- ... These changes spurred the Chinese who remained to adapt and make a living as gardeners, launderers, craftsmen , labourers and domestic servants. The economic depression of the 1890s stirred feelings of resentment toward thriving Chinese businesses and the Victorian Factory and Shops Act of 1896 had several clauses which were blatantly discriminatory. The Act stipulated that a business was considered a factory if it employed a minimum of four European workers, or just one Chinese worker. This meant that small Chinese businesses were regulated and kept under the scrutiny of inspectors and other government officials much more than non-Chinese businesses were ....   [tags: chinese migrants, chinese communities]

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Chinese Poetry And Chinese History

- As is known to all that Chinese history can be traced back to five thousand years ago. In ancient China, there were evidences to show the early developments of Chinese calligraphy, and painting, from oracle bones to patterns or designs of potteries. Although the development of Chinese poetry seems to be later than the other two, it became indispensable in Chinese culture. In early Chinese history, calligraphy, painting and poetry were usually practiced separately by court people or among the elites....   [tags: China, Song Dynasty, Tang Dynasty]

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Chinese America – The Perseverant Underdog

- Since the birth of America, many different people from all around the world flocked to North America in hopes of making a good life for themselves, or their families. Many came from the west, as well as a large amount came from the east. Most of these eastern immigrants hailed from China. These people were welcomed with open arms and kindness for a short time, at least at first. Afterwards, there was a long period of racial tension, due to social differences. How did the Chinese immigrants integrate themselves into the American culture, and what difficulties did they face....   [tags: Chinese History ]

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Sex in the Chinese Cultural Revolution

- A. Plan of Investigation The purpose of this study is to answer the question: To what extent did Chinese leaders display their power through the controlling of sex in the Chinese Cultural Revolution. This can give historians a better understanding of the extent to which the Chinese leaders controlled every aspect of the Chinese people's life. This is a fairly new subject because, as I will discuss later in the project, sex was silenced in the Cultural Revolution. (words:137) | B. Summary of Evidence The Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) was a time of great social change for the nation of China....   [tags: Chinese History]

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The History of Chinese Immigration

- Many cities throughout the United States have a distinct neighborhood known as Chinatown. Chinatowns are ethnic enclaves, which are defined areas in a city with a high concentration of an ethnic group and thus a unique culture set apart from the larger city. To the inhabitants of the city, these ethnic enclaves may exist without much thought of the historical, or modern, reasons for their presence. However it is important to look at the reasons behind their existences and how these areas, like Chinatowns, relate to broader ethnic and race issues in the United States....   [tags: ethnic, culture, Chinese Americans, immigration]

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Women and the Family in Chinese History

- Women and the Family in Chinese History By Patricia The price paid by women in ancient china: Foot binding and Concubines Georgiana Grecea WHO 2001 Professor: Peterson November 1st, 2013 When it comes to traditions, customs and beliefs, one of the most mysterious civilizations in the world is considered to be ancient China. Through their values and cultural lifestyle they have succeeded for many years to make us wonder and want us to know more about their beliefs and traditions in their lives....   [tags: China, foot binding, tradition, concubines, cuture]

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Cultural Revolution : The Chinese History

- Cultural Revolution In the Chinese history there is an important date that many remember. That is the Cultural Revolution that started in 1966 (Chan 103). This Cultural Revolution wasn’t a war by any means, but a competition between the different factions of the communist party for power. The Cultural Revolution was also a very important event in the history of the Chen Village. We saw through the different chapters of Chen Village just how it affected the different people that were living there during the eleven year span that it lasted (Chan 103)....   [tags: Mao Zedong, Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping]

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Women During The Chinese History

- Throughout the Chinese history, peasants, especially women have always aimed for a recognized position in Chinese society, their roles and positions in both their family and society have not been quite pleased with them. Generally, Chinese women have had almost no legal rights or career opportunities compare to Chinese men until early twentieth century. However, it started to change right after a movement known as “The May Fourth movement in 1919 .” The May Fourth movement was based on Western principles to create a new Chinese culture....   [tags: Woman, China, May Fourth Movement, Female]

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Chinese Imagined Community

- The Chinese-Canadian experience during the 19th and 20th centuries provides a classic example of history’s role in the nation-making process, the creation of an “imagined community”(Stanley 477). The anti-Asian exclusion era (1880s to 1940s) in Canada played a pivotal role in the emergence of the “Chinese” identity. Benedict Anderson describes the ‘imagined community’ as a community that is built through emotional ties with one another. Anderson states that the community "is imagined because the members of even the smallest nation will never know most of their fellow-members, meet them, or even hear of them, yet in the minds of each lives the image of their communion,” (Anderson 1991)....   [tags: Chinese History ]

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Ancient Chinese Culture

- While the fertile banks of the Tigris, Euphrates, and Indus rivers were giving rise to thriving civilizations in the Middle East and India, the same was happening along the banks of the Yellow River in China. A civilization arose untouched by the outside world in parallel to those of Mesopotamia, Harappa, and Mohenjo-Daro. The Yellow River civilization not only mirrored the advances made in the other two civilizations but also contributed unique ones of their own. Due to China’s geographical location - high mountains of the Tibetan Plateau to the west and vast deserts of the Gobi to the north - communication with the West and South Asia was difficult....   [tags: Chinese History ]

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The 1911 Chinese Revolution

- The 1911 Revolution kicked out the Qing Dynasty and broke the barriers to different developments in China. However, the 1911 Revolution has only provided a framework of a republic and made changes in some particular aspects related to immediate problems and difficulties in society. Hence, the relationship between the revolution and the subsequent development of China was very weak. On one hand, I do not agree with the latter part of the statement that the 1911 Revolution brought new problems to China....   [tags: Chinese History ]

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Chinese History: Pointed at the Wrong Direction

- China has always been proud of its history. Being one of the most advance civilizations way before America was even discovered, a lot of the Chinese today still cling on to their glory days even if they are one of the world’s superpowers. A massive country with patriotic citizens and a great economy is what people know of China today. However, what most people do not know and the rest wanting to forget, is that China had its fair share of atrocities done to its very own people. One of these, of course, would be the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, wherein under the great struggle of Mao Zedong return to power, he turned youths by the thousand to be his personal army, infamously known a...   [tags: agricultural lifestyle, industrialized nation]

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Ancient Chinese Civilization

- China has had many changes throughout its history. China unlike many other countries had the opportunity to grow with minimal outside interference. Due to this they created unique Chinese philosophy, writing, and government. There are two other countries that China greatly influenced. These countries are Vietnam, Korea, and Japan. China was one of the few countries in the world that grew with minimal interference from its outside neighbors. The reason for this is due to China’s geography. One of the most important and unique items to come from this isolation is China’s writing system....   [tags: Ancient Chinese History]

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The History of Cantonese and Putonghua

- The varieties of Chinese According to Bernard Comrie (1990: 83),’ there are more than 1,000,000,000 people are speakers of some form of Chinese.’ By seeing this figure, Chinese should have appeared long enough for its evolution and let it spread to different areas in which Chinese or its form can become the dominant language. The origin of Chinese is studied through bone and tortoise shell inscription because the earliest records were marked on them in around 1300B.C. (Chou Fa- Kao 1986:1) They are the earliest recorded founded that can be used for analysis, the development of Chinese is also base on these findings....   [tags: Chinese History, Chinese Languages]

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Modernity As History : Limitations Of Approaching Chinese History

- Modernity as History: limitations of approaching Chinese history in a Eurocentric Framework In the last three decades scholars have reconsidered what set Europe off from the rest of the world as the site of state formation and economic changes leading to modern national states and industrialized economies. Europe’s success moved scholars to assess other societies from a European benchmark since there was a presumed view that there was a European-defined path to modernisation and prosperity. The political and economic evolution of East Asia raised serious questions about the Western origins of contemporary political and economic ideas and institutions....   [tags: China, Qing Dynasty, 2nd millennium, Ming Dynasty]

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The Chinese Dynasties

- The period of the dynasty that unified China, the Sui Dynasty began the year 580 C.E. and lasted until 618 C.E. I was founded by an officer of the Northern Zhou, Yang Chien (Emperor Wen Ti), and his son and successor, Emperor Yang Ti. As an emperor, Wen Ti in his early actions restored the Buddhists rights, their clergy, and ended suppression of Daoism. Emperor Wen Ti achieved the unification of China during the Sui era, also the central government was reformed, institute the conscription of community servants from all ethnics and social classes; and established a uniform legal code that regulated land, taxes, rewards and reprimand, with the exception of the military all arms wer...   [tags: Chinese History, Dynasties]

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The Vanishing Chinese in American History

- The Vanishing Chinese in American History Our country’s history is filled with stories that are ignored: the Japanese Americans who were held against their will in internment camps during World War II, African-American pilots who fought bravely for our country during the second World War, Native Americans who sacrificed their lives in defense of territory that was rightfully theirs, and Chinese immigrants who toiled to build the western leg of the transcontinental railroad in the nineteenth century....   [tags: American America History]

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Chinese History and World View: Taoism

- Taoism is an ancient tradition of philosophy and religious belief that is deeply rooted in Chinese customs and worldview.Taoism is also referred to as Daoism, which is a more accurate way of representing in English the sound of the Chinese word. The Tao is the ultimate creative principle of the universe. Under this ethos, All things are unified and connected. The principle of Yin Yang portrays the world as filled with complementary forces. Prior to the Communist revolution in China, Taoism was one of the strongest religions....   [tags: religion, fluidity, ideology]

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From the Soil: The Foundations of Chinese Society by Fei Xiaotong

- ... Elemental guarantee, in the touch of a sufficient supply of food and secures the support for orphaned, disabled, and or aged, was abused and taken for granted. Fewer than half of China's community remembered the self-doubt and different risks associated with the pre-1950 Chinese era, but the rates and carelessness of the supportive system were crisp in their minds set. Increased business and the diversion of labor were movements not expected to be reversed. This helped China's radical government made direct attempts to put the state and its ideas into straight forward contact with villages and to move along the mediator and merchants whom originally explained direct policies and national...   [tags: chinese history, life, change]

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Shiji or Sima Qian: The History of China from an Everyman

- The way the Chinese have conceived of their past - and thus of themselves - was profoundly shaped by a book written in Han times, the Historical Records (Shiji) of Sima Qian. Before Sima Qian was able to complete his history, he made the political mistake of defending a general who had surrendered to the Xiongnu. Given the choice between death and becoming a palace eunuch, he chose the humiliation of castration and servitude rather than leave his history unfinished. He wrote to a friend that he had chosen to live in disgrace "because I have things in my heart that I have not been able to express full." (Cambridge Illustrated, Pg....   [tags: Chinese Literature, Chinese History]

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Acupuncture: The History and Practice of the Holistic Ancient Chinese Medicine

- Ancient China was very well known for its universal inventions, with many uses in the modern world. Those inventions have vastly impacted the lives of thousands of people. One example of such a discovery is acupuncture. It has greatly improved the health of many individuals ever since its creation. Acupuncture is a form of holistic Ancient Chinese medicine. It is the technique of inserting and maneuvering fine filiform needles into specific areas of the body as pain relievers or for remedial purposes....   [tags: acupuncture, Chinese medicine, ]

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What is the Relationship Between the Formation of a Modern Chinese Identity and the War of Resistance Against Japan?

- From September 18th, 1931, the date of undeclared Japanese invasion into Manchuria, to August 14th, 1945 marking the end of the War of Resistance, China experienced unprecedented suffering and loss in its struggle for survival. Throughout this time, social, economic, and political conditions underwent severe changes. In the eyes of the world, the Japanese committed sins beyond repentance, and half a century later, no development is evident in this respect. Yet, the War of Resistance gave rise to an invaluable aspect of Chinese culture that defines the nation today....   [tags: Chinese history, culture, politics]

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History Of The Chinese Criminal Procedure Law

- Chapter Three – History of the Chinese Criminal Procedure Law Section 1 – The Chinese Criminal Procedure Law before 1996 3-1-1 The Chinese Criminal Procedure Law before 1979 Along with its historical evolution of its economic, politic and social systems, the Chinese judicial system has been gradually developing. For hundreds of years Chinese judicial system has been proliferating by adopting legal doctrines from other countries however, today the Chinese judicial system as a whole is the result of a rich Chinese history and practical experience....   [tags: Law, Common law, Civil law]

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Ancient Chinese Fashion

- Missing Figures Introduction Ancient China had a different style of clothes than the United States. The clothes worn all depended on which the dynasty or year they were in. Chinese people always took in the styles, which they were supposed to wear very quickly, although the dynasties changed. In many ways the items they wore had a connection with demons and/or evil spirits. The Ancient Chinese had a very unique sense of style. Clothes Clothing embroided the harmonious relationship between nature and people....   [tags: Chinese History]

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The Opium War and Great Britain's Influences In China

- While westerners in China pushed to claim rights and generally oppose Chinese reformers who worked to better China, the Chinese government and society continued to face internal problems. While westerners in China pushed to claim rights and generally oppose Chinese reformers who worked to better China, Chinese government and society faced internal problems. Being a main target for imperialism, China faced much western influence. One of the events that marked the beginning of intense western influence was the case concerning the Opium Wars....   [tags: Chinese History]

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The Historical Effects of the Great Wall of China

- The 21st century has been called “the century of Asia,” and China is leading the way for the emerging Asian powerhouses today. Indeed, the economic clout that China is already wielding in the international marketplace, together with those of Singapore, South Korea, Thailand, Taiwan and others are reshaping the global economy and all signs indicate these trends will continue into the foreseeable future. Although all of the countries of Asia have a rich, proud, lengthy and colorful history, China stands out for one reason in particular: its Great Wall....   [tags: Chinese History ]

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China: Then and Now

- The Chinese dynastic system was highly admired for its vast structural integrity which allowed it to persevere for more than two millennia. The Xia Dynasty was the first recorded dynasty in Chinese history, founded by a man named Shun who renounced his throne to his trusted official Yu. Rather than pass the power to someone qualified for the position, Yu then entrusted the Dynasty to his son Qi, setting the precedence for the Dynastic rule. 1 This ushered in the Hereditary System which was followed by many dynasties to come....   [tags: Chinese History]

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The Conversion of China

- When the Jesuits decided to travel to China, they had a clear mission: to expand the word of God and the church to anyone who would listen. This would be a challenge in many parts of the world, but especially in China. The Jesuits had to overcome a vast amount of cultural fear and ethnocentrism and xenophobia in order to convert the Chinese, but they overcame these obsticales by employing various techniques that proved to be effective. One important factor that allowed for the conversion of the Chinese was strong leaders and figure heads of the church....   [tags: Chinese History]

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Pre-Modern Confucianism in China

- I. Introduction The role of the Chinese family in pre-modern China included thoughts centered on Confucian thought and methods. The Chinese family followed different methods of Confucian thought and the division of family responsibilities in China developed because of it. The original text of Confucius that dictated the roles of filial piety in China did not specify gender dichotomy but the implications led Chinese scholars to distinguish the position of men following filial values from women. Pre-Modern China had the dominative power of dozens of dynasties....   [tags: Chinese History ]

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History Of Modern China And Chinese Youth

- When upon hearing the title for Historian as a Detective as for my history class, I knew that this was not going to be one of your ordinary history class. In which in order to pass a history class all you had to do was memorize dates, people and events. No, I knew that history was more than just that. Being a historian is like being a detective. Just like a detective, a historian has to look over the facts or events in a specific time, come up with his/her own claim, and have substantial evidence to back up his/her arguments....   [tags: Mao Zedong, People's Republic of China]

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Analysis Of ' Unbound Feet : A Social History Of Chinese Women '

- Unbound Feet: A Social History of Chinese Women in San Francisco by Judy Yung
 In Unbound Feet: A Social History of Chinese Women in San Francisco, Judy Yung narrates the story of the immigration of Chinese American women to San Francisco, their struggles to maintain their homes and raise their children, their ability to acculturate into a foreign way of life, and how these women were ultimately able to succeed in the United States. Unbound Feet is a multi-layered book, with Yung using her own family history as the starting place for her interest and research into the immigration of Chinese American women....   [tags: United States, World War II, Great Depression]

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Kongming: Sleeping Dragon

- Zhuge Liang, also known as Kongming, was the chief strategist and advisor to the kingdom of Shu who lived the era of Three Kingdoms. His surname, Kongming, translates to sleeping dragon, and it was given to him because his talents were hidden from the world until the leader of the Kingdom of Shu requested his aid. Zhuge Liang mastered both domestic and foreign policies in addition to his unique technique of blending his knowledge of weather and astronomy using nature to defeat the enemy with armies of fewer men....   [tags: Chinese History ]

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The Impact of The Cultural Revolution on China from 1965-1968

- The Cultural Revolution had a massive impact on China from 1965 to 1968. The Cultural Revolution is the name given to Mao’s attempt to reassert his beliefs in China. Mao had not been a very self-motivated leader from the late 1950’s on, and feared others in the party might be taking on a leading role that weakened his power within the party and the country. Basically, the Cultural Revolution was a failed attempt by Mao to re-impose his authority on the party and therefore, the country as well. Not only did the Cultural Revolution have a massive impact on China, but many other countries as well....   [tags: Chinese History]

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Cracked China: The June Fourth Incident

- Cracked China: A Look Into the History Behind And Impact of The June Fourth Incident When footage of the events that occurred in Beijing, China on June 4th, 1989 got through to the world, many eyes witnessed a massacre. A collective cry for democracy had echoed throughout the city, and the sound that came back was that of gun fire. People from all walks of life who had unified for one cause now ran, terrified, from the weaponized arms of a government that was supposedly working for their better interest....   [tags: Chinese History]

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The Cause of the Opium War

- The China today – powerful and ever-growing wasn’t always like this. One major event in history around the mid 1800s that we all have seemed to have forgotten was the Opium Wars. What really caused the opium war was when China wanted to halt all trades about opium with the British. The geography of China was something like a fence. This isolation made the people of China feel like their country was prestigious and secluded from the rest of the world. With deserts and the Himalayas running along most of the border, it was extremely difficult to cross over one of the most dangerous mountain ranges in the world and a few other scorching deserts with the little transport they had during that ti...   [tags: Chinese History]

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Christian Influence on Shanghai

- Churches and priests may not be the first image that come to mind when discussing Shanghai, but they are nonetheless an important part of Shanghai's culture and history. The presence of the Christian church contributed greatly to the cosmopolitanism of Shanghai. Some of the first Westerners to live in Shanghai were missionaries and they played an important role in constructing an enticing image of Shanghai. Moreover, Christian institutions of education continue their contribution to Shanghai cosmopolitanism today....   [tags: Chinese History ]

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The Brain Drain and Revolution in the Late 19th and Early 20th Century China

- Introduction By the end of the 19th century, Chinese officials were beginning to realize that their country’s educational infrastructure was becoming increasingly anachronistic. Traditional education largely ignored technology—considered it low class, even—and students instead focused on cultivating a sense of moral righteousness. Yet, the Confucian-centered examination system was beginning to prove ineffective in a world where modern militaries predominated in international relations. China learned this painful lesson during a succession of lost wars, eventually entering a long period of introspection, quite notably, by first looking outward....   [tags: Chinese History ]

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The Treaty of Nanjing

- At the end of the Opium War, China was left defeated. While the loss severely undermined the Qing Dynasty's power, little did they know that their loss would have serious repercussions. The emperor signed a treaty with the British that would later be known as one of the “Unequal Treaties” made in China during this period. The treaty in question was named the treaty of Nanjing (also known as the treaty of Nanking). This treaty would have lasting effects even into recent history. In the 17th century, China implemented the Canton system....   [tags: Chinese History ]

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The Achievements of the Tang and Song Dynasties

- November 23, 2009 Grey Global Semestered The Achievements of the Tang and Song Dynasty Today we can look around ourselves and see thousands of technical innovations that make life easier; But if we take a step back and ask ourselves “How?” we will soon realize that most often, these technological advancements did not just “poof” into existence, but are usually the outcome of building upon yesterday’s technology. If we follow this cycle back into time, we can attribute almost any modern day invention to an ancient civilization during its golden age....   [tags: Chinese History]

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Spread of Buddhism in China

- It is believed that Buddhism spread to China through the Silk Road. When the Silk Road opened in the 2nd century BC, missionaries and pilgrims spread Buddhism to China. Chang Ch’ien was recorded to first bring Buddhism to China when he heard about India and Buddhist beliefs on his way back to China. In about the 1st century BC, a Buddhist community is said to have been living in China. But the most well-known story of the spreading of Buddhism is when Han emperor, Mingdi, had a dream about Buddha in 68 CE and sent Cai Yin, his official to learn more about it....   [tags: Chinese History]

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Establishment of the Silk Route

- Currently living in the twenty first century we can take modern travel methods from airplanes, vehicles, trains, and ships for granted, altering our perception of the distance we travel significantly. These advanced distribution systems we now employ allow us to exchange culture, products, technology, and ideas by breaking down barriers, truly globalizing the world. Similar to the modern travel marvels we make the most of today, years ago before human’s relationship to machine, the silk route provided that ability to connect multiple countries....   [tags: Chinese History ]

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External Pressure as Catalyst for the Greatness of the Song Dynasty

- The Song dynasty was the beginning of modern China. This era was marked by a flourishing economy, a deep distinctively Chinese culture, and technological revolutions. From the beginning to the end the Song dynasty was under a constant threat from northern tribes that coveted the wealth of the Song. The powerful states that surrounded the Song dynasty crushed all hopes for expansion. The Song was forced to focus on developing their own country instead of conquering others. Without the opportunity to expand and a military threat on the borders the Song were forced to either flourish or perish....   [tags: Chinese History, Chinese Culture]

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Records of the Grand Historian by Ssuma Ch’ien

- Including recounts and anecdotes from around 2600 BC to 85 BC (McMillin), Ssuma Ch’ien’s completed Records of the Grand Historian or Shiji (McMillin), should cover all the aspects needed to qualify a good government official. One of Ssuma Ch’ien’s intentions in writing these records was to emphasize the role of individual men in affecting Chinese government. The biography of magistrate Pu-shih in particular, holds several attributes concerning the emphasis on the roles of individual men in affecting Chinese government, or more specifically, the question of what qualities make a person a good government official....   [tags: chinese history, shiji ]

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Factors Contributed that to the Formation of Eunuch Culture in Ming Dynasty

- Eunuchs, a group of castrated people served in the palace, were initially hired to take care of the personal life of the emperors. However, because of their accessibility to the rulers, they sometimes could be so powerful that can control the government. Shi, Yi, a historian in Qing Dynasty, had ever said that”There were three periods in Chinese History, in which eunuchs actually took control of the country. Among those three periods, Ming dynasty was the most severe one.” Compare to their predecessors in late Tang dynasty, eunuchs in Ming dynasty possessed less power as they could not control the military and were not instrumental in selecting the next emperor....   [tags: castration, Chinese history, culture]

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Innovations in Tang Dynasty China

- Banknotes, books, and accurate navigational tools have become a part of daily life for many people. Yet, they don’t recognize that these everyday objects didn't always exist. Not to mention, they all emerged in the same region, near the same time, and diffused along similar paths. The mariner’s compass, block printing, paper money, and several types of paper were all developed and used during the Tang dynasty, and they had a great impact on China. Knowledge of these creations was spread by groups of people and animals along the Silk Road, sub-Saharan, and Indian Ocean trade routes....   [tags: chinese history, inventions, compass]

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The Silk Road

- Long before there were trains, ships and airplanes to transport goods from one place to another, there was the Silk Road. Beginning in the sixth century, this route was formed and thus began the first major trade system. Although the term “Silk Road” would lead one that it was on road, this term actually refers to a number of different routes that covered a vast amount of land and were traveled by many different people. Along with silk, large varieties of goods were traded and traveled along this route both going to and from China....   [tags: Chinese History ]

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Memorable Year of 1931

- The year of 1931 is not only one of the most unforgettable years in Chinese history, but also a humiliating year to the entire nation. Our country which was torn apart by warlords and extremist politicians was a complete mess by the 1920s. Seeking opportunities to gain the full economic control in Manchuria, on September 18th, 1931, Japan launched a staged attack known as Manchurian Incident in Manchuria, a part of Northern China and finally the Japanese army took control of the whole region to protect their interests....   [tags: Chinese History, Military, Japan]

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The Chinese Cultural Revolution

- The Chinese Cultural Revolution The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, beginning as a campaign targeted at removing Chairman Mao Zedong's political opponents, was a time when practically every aspect of Chinese society was in pandemonium. From 1966 through 1969, Mao encouraged revolutionary committees, including the red guards, to take power from the Chinese Communist party authorities of the state. The Red Guards, the majority being young adults, rose up against their teachers, parents, and neighbors....   [tags: China History Chinese Red Guards Essays]

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China's Emerging Culture

- Treatise In my treatise I will examine and explain how the Chinese emerged as the world’s largest and sophisticated civilization and the effect it had on the rest of East Asia. Starting from the Neolithic and Bronze ages; touching on important dynasties and their roles, certain philosophies and cultural changes from about 10,000 B.C.E. - 233 B.C.E. I also am going to give my understanding of Buddhism and how it spread thru not only China but all of East Asia. I will describe East Asia from 800-1400 A.D....   [tags: Chinese History]

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The Red Guards

- The Red Guard strove to remove and destroy the Four Olds, foreign influence, enemies of the Party and the current societal structure by persecuting those who supposedly perpetuated them. All vestiges of outdated customs, habits, culture and ideas were to be destroyed, since the movement represented “a triumph of youth over age, of ‘the new’ over ‘the old.’” To do so, the Red Guard wrecked thousands of art collections and the contents of libraries, and changed “reactionary” street signs. They persecuted members of the public who attempted to stop them or refused to give up the Four Olds....   [tags: Chinese history]

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China and Taiwan

- China and Taiwan Historically, the Taiwan problem originated after the Nationalist and Communist Chinese re-ignited the Civil War. They had previously settled their disputes temporarily, to defend the invasion of the Japanese in the 1930s. The Civil War started again in 1946, only a year after fighting ceased at the end of the Second World War. The Communists were commanded by Mao Tse Tung, and the Nationalists were being lead by Chiang Kia-Shek. However, the Nationalists had the advantage of US support....   [tags: Chinese History]

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Qin Dynasty

- Within the years of 221-206 BCE, a superpower was born. The Qin Dynasty put in all their blood, sweat, and tears to change China for the best. As a result, Chinese civilization was impacted tremendously in almost every aspect. These landmarks in Chinese history go back to the spreading of Legalism to the birth of the Great Wall. Through these countless contributions, the Qin Dynasty was able to revolutionize the Chinese civilization in such a short period of time. After unifying the Chinese empire, Qin Shi Huangdi (leader of Qin Dynasty) made several reforms that enhanced Chinese society....   [tags: Chinese History ]

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Reasons for the Downfall of the Manchu Government in 1911

- The Manchu government’s refusal to open up China to trade with the western powers led to armed invasions by the foreign powers. China did not want any goods from the west as China considered itself as self-sufficient. China regarded trade as a favour China granted to the less fortunate nations. However Britain was very much interested in purchasing Chinese silks, porcelain goods and Chinese tea. Therefore, Britain found a new commodity and this was the sale of opium to China. The illegal trade of opium developed very quickly....   [tags: China, Chinese history, chinese government]

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"Bitter Strength: A History of the Chinese in the United States"

- Barth, Gunter Paul in his book "Bitter Strength: A History of the Chinese in the United States, 1850-1870" depicts the life of Chinese immigrants during the periods of 1850-1870. Barth portrays the experience that the Chinese went through at the Pearl River delta in China to get to the United States and there arrival here in California. Beginning in the mid-19th century, Chinese immigration to America was influenced by both the "pull" of California's Gold Rush and the""push" created by China's impoverished conditions....   [tags: Book Reviews]

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The Taiping Rebellion

- Megan Yang History-Dr. K When Hong Xiuquan converted to Christianity in 1843 and began preaching from village to village in southern China, little did he know that he had started a religious movement that, by 1850, would have more than thirty-thousand members.1 These members, who called themselves the “Society of God Worshippers,” consisted primarily of poor and disenfranchised Chinese peasants who suffered greatly from the oppression of the Manchu dynasty.2 It was their discontent with the Manchu, paired with a desire for better treatment through a new ruling class, that turned their originally religious movement into a political one....   [tags: Heavenly Kingdom, Chinese History]

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How Does Nationalism Shape China's International Relations?

- ... It was bolstered by the resentment of European imperialists, with their own ignorant and ruthless interference in the Chinese imperium, economy and culture and hostility towards the Japanese indulgence in similar behaviour...” (Bosworth, 2007:48). Du, (2012), states that there are two sides to Chinese nationalism. The first is the “international society's ostracising policies towards China after the Tiananmen crackdown and the later mistreatment by the United States” (Du, 2012:5). The other side of Chinese nationalism is brought on by the CCP and the introduction of the patriotic education campaign and the national humiliation narrative....   [tags: Chinese history, Japan, United States]

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Modern Qigong Boom and Falun Gong

- New religious movement When I review the FLG movement and find that the qigong boom and FLG were inseparable, the explosion of qigong is one of the most significant cultural phenomena in the modern history in China. In the 1940s, modern qigong, on the one hand, was created as a part of a movement to modernize, institutionalise and popularise traditional medical and health technologies that created a boom. On the other hand, the marketization of qigong was considerable towards increased commodification and commercialisation, the entrepreneurial business practices of the qigong masters triggered controversies over ‘fakes’ as well as its traditions stripped of the dross of feudalism and superst...   [tags: Modern Chinese History]

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Ruling Dynasties of China

- China grew to be the largest and most populous country of Asia. IT developed a unique culture by being isolated and having little contact with any other civilizations. After time, its methods of production and system of government here highly advanced for its time. China’s history is shown through the ruling of several different dynasties, their schools of thought and religion, and the vast spreading of their culture to its surrounding countries. Throughout China’s history, many dynasties had their turn at ruling this immensely growing country....   [tags: Chinese History, Asia]

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The Impact Confucius, Gandhi, and Western Ideas had on China, Japan, and India

- The Impact Confucius, Gandhi, and Western Ideas had on China, Japan, and India ‘The future depends on what you do today’(Gandhi). In Japan, China, and India each country was faced with similar opportunities, and chose a different path that has impacted their future, setting them aside from one another. When Western countries came into China, India, and Japan, each country reacted differently to the Western ideas that these foreigners brought which would then change the culture. Japan and China secluded themselves from other countries, while India stayed open, inviting modern ideas into its culture....   [tags: chinese history, philosophy]

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The Merits of Loosening the One Child Policy

- 1. Introduction As the world’s population grows at an increasing rate, issues of resource scarcity, hunger, poverty and health management are more pressing than ever. According to the United Nation, world population will reach 9.6 billion by the year of 2050 (UN 2010), pressing much tension on all aspects of sustainbility. There is no doubt that all countries should work together to keep the overall population under control, but China certainly seems to have the major responsibility. For centuries, China is considered the most populous country in the world....   [tags: birth control, Chinese history]

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To What Extent Did the Red Guards Control the Cultural Revolution

- To what extent did the Red Guards control the Cultural Revolution.   Section A The Cultural Revolution in China started in 1966 and ended on Mao Zedong’s death in 1976, on September 9th. While headed by Mao Zedong (sometimes spelled Tse-Tung), otherwise known as Chairman Mao, the Cultural Revolution contained a powerful group who called themselves the Red Guard, student activists who killed, pillaged, and destroyed “Old Fours” for Zedong. One could argue they were the drive of the Revolution. However, the Red Guards were not the Cultural Revolution, though, neither was Mao Zedong....   [tags: modern Chinese history, communism]

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Filial Piety’s Role in Ancient China

- In the 18th century, China was influenced by various teachings of philosophers and beliefs that the society had placed emphasis on. Filial piety (xiao) was a major practice around this period when it was strongly carried inside and outside the household. Filial piety is not only the guiding principle of Chinese ethics but it also played an affirmative role in determining the Chinese lifestyle; it was practiced daily in the family and in other areas such as education, religion and government. It was the central root of Chinese morals and the society was constructed upon the principles of xiao, which certainly became the premises of Chinese culture and the society....   [tags: Chinese History, Confucius]

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The Fall of the Qing Dynasty

- D’Addese 1 The Qing Dynasty prospered well into the 20th century despite the numerous problems the administration faced. However, during the early days of the 20th century, civil disorders continued to grow in such unmanageable factions that the administration was pushed to do something about it. The high living standards of the previous century had contributed to a sharp increase in China’s population, there was approximately 400 million people living in China around the nineteenth century. This spike increased population density, it also created a surplus of labour shortages, land shortages, inadequate food production and several famines....   [tags: Chinese history, politics, economics]

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Confucius and the Warrant State Period

- Life was harsh and tumultuous during the Warring States Period, a time of political and social change, in China. It was an era of excessive violent warfare, bureaucratic and military renovations and fortification. These distressing periods of time gave birth and rise to copious philosophical ideas and influential philosophers. The primary philosophy schools of the time were Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism. During the Warrant State Period, these three different branches of ideas assisted in reassembling a reliable and lasting government....   [tags: Chinese history and phylosophy]

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The Idea of Li and Governing

- ... Mencius, a stark follower of Confucius's teachings, viewed Li in a different light. Living in the time called the Warring State Period, Mencius saw the discourse and chaos that Confucius had worked hard to fight against. While rulers fought amongst themselves for power, Mencius sought to find what was the cause of this chaos and what could alleviate it. Mencius had a nearly identical description of Li as Confucius, yet his Li was largely tied in with human nature and the internal struggle to be a moral person....   [tags: Chinese history and philosphy]

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Sun Tzu: A Visionary Leader

- “If you know the enemy and know yourself, you need not fear the result of a hundred battles.” (BAM, 2010, p.20) These words were first written down over 2,400 years ago by a Chinese general named Sun Tzu in his famous military strategy treatise known today as The Art of War. These words, in fact the entire book, are just as valid today as they were during Sun Tzu’s lifetime. He was one of the first truly visionary and ethical military leaders in the world. Despite the fact that there is not much known about Sun Tzu today other than his writings, in this essay, I intend to extract his essence from his treatise to prove he was a visionary leader....   [tags: chinese history, ethical leaders]

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Two Contradictory Images of Female Fox Spirit

- ... Moreover, the idea of beautiful women damaging country by bewitching and seducing the king had long existed; it can be dated back in the Classics of Poetry. Ultimately, when those people in powerful position experience failure, they need a subject that could take the blame for them. The need for externalizing failure, that is, to attribute the undesirable outcome to someone else, could be another reason that account for the evil image of the female fox spirit. While for good-hearted female fox spirits, they satisfy the need for men to have fantasy of the perfect women, who is extremely beautiful, kind, tender and caring....   [tags: implications, Chinese imperial history]

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China's Catastrophic Cultural Revolution

- Impeccably true to its definition, the Chinese characters for “revolution” literally mean “elimination of life”, proved by China’s catastrophic cultural revolution. Communist leader Mao Zedong sought to eliminate the past and push for a resurrection only to land China miserably behind. By wiping away years of scientific and literary advancements, China renounced its grandiose history and way of life. In 1966, Communist leader Mao Zedong initiated the Cultural Revolution in China intended to reaffirm his domination over the Chinese government, drastically affecting the lives of nearly everyone in China....   [tags: Chinese Revolution, Chinese History, Mao Zedong]

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The Opium War

- China has 5000 years of history which experienced wars, collapses, failures and successes. The Opium War in the year 1839 and 1856 marked the changing point of China’s trade policy with foreigners, especially with British in opium and tea. China changed from getting tributes to being forced to sign the Nanjing Treaty and Tianjing Treaty with British and French. Due to China’s over confidence and unwelcome attitude toward foreigners and opium, it caused the British to declare the Opium War to China which made Chinese suffer for many years, but at the same time it also forced China to open its doors to the foreigners....   [tags: Chinese History, China Trade]

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Diseases and Medicinal Treatments of the Tang Dynasty in Ancient China

- ... After doctors diagnosed the ailment, they could either do surgery, give medicine, or give therapy to the patient. The surgery techniques of China had reached a level of incredible advancement in the Sui and Tang dynasties (581-907). In Zhu Bing Yuan Hou Lun (Treatise on Causes and Symptoms of Diseases), Chao Yuanfang recorded clearly the procedures and techniques of various kinds of surgical operations. This systematization of the best methods of surgery made it easier to train surgeons and in turn helped the surgeons to help others....   [tags: historical analysis, Chinese history]

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Life Outcomes of The Cultural Revolution

- “How did the disruption of the educational system during the Cultural Revolution affect the life outcomes of people who were getting their educations in the period 1966-75?” By using this as a topic to question, I will be reviewing the impact of the lack of education had on people as they got older and began looking for jobs in China. Although it may seem clear to many on why missing an education would make it harder for one to obtain a job, I still think it needs to be looked into as why this education was stopped, and following with the affects it had on people....   [tags: Chinese history, education]

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The Impact Of Wang Mang

- Wang Mang was one of the most powerful figures of his day. As leader of China from nine to twenty three C.E, he preached the values of Confucianism to his people. However, Wang Mang was not a perfect Confucian himself. In some aspects of his life, specifically in his rise to power and in his demise, Wang Mang went against the core values of Confucianism, as well as the values and teaching of Li, Yi, and Chunzi, but his radical reforms, including banning slavery and redistributing land, indicate that he followed and cared about the values of Ren....   [tags: Chinese history and leaders, Confusianism]

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Chiang Kai Shek

- Chiang Kai Shek, who started out as a military leader, built an enormous legacy that tied around both China and Taiwan. Chiang was born on October 31, 1887, in a small town in Zhejiang province, China. Though his father died when he was young, it did not affect him, he continued to pursue in the military career. During his study at the Imperial Japanese Army Academy, he devoted most of his time to studying the work of Sun Yat Sen who was the leader of the nationalist party (Kuomintang) in China....   [tags: chinese history, leader]

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Relationship of Buddhism with the Tang Government

- Since the introduction of Buddhism into China, it was not well received by the population as its foreign beliefs clashed with pre-existent principles of Confucianism and Taoism. On top of that, it was alienated by the Confucianism-based government in the late Han Dynasty. All in all, Buddhism was not a common nor a popular religion throughout China at first. Nevertheless, this all changed after the rise of the Tang Dynasty. There is no doubt that Buddhism and the Tang administration under Wu’s reign formed a critical symbiotic relationship with one another....   [tags: Chinese History, Church&State, Empress Wu]

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History of Ancient China

- History of Ancient China China is located in East Asia. Ancient China is surrounded by Gobi Desert in the north, the Pacific Ocean in the east, the Himalayan Mountains in the southwest, and the Taklimakan desert in the west. This land has a wide variation of animals because of the different habitats provided for them. Most farming was done in the very fertile lands of the Yangtze valley. Present China is much bigger than Ancient China, which means that over time, the kings and different dynasties went gaining more and more land and wealth....   [tags: China Chinese Culture Traditions History Essays]

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Developments in Ancient China

- In the early years of China, the Chinese began a period of establishment in the world with ideas and teachings of new religions, changing powers, and building empires. In a nutshell the Chinese were progressing toward new technology, writings, and belief systems. The Chinese saw many dynasties come and go as well as many ups and downs experienced with societies over the course of history. As all nation’s go through change, the Chinese experienced changes from other lands far away and produced many concepts in which helped other realms to see change for themselves....   [tags: Chinese Dynasties, World History]

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Buddhist Art of The Wei Dynasty

- Although Siddhartha Gotama spread the religion of Buddhism in India, his teaching had a great impact on other countries. Buddhist first made their way to China via the silk route; this was a network of caravan tracts that linked China to the rest of central Asia to the Mediterranean region. Buddhist monks also made their way into China with Buddhist scriptures and Buddhist art in their possession. This is the first time that Buddhism made a substantial impact on the Chinese. Quickly many Chinese began to convert to the new religion that was brought into china....   [tags: Chinese spiritual history]

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Buddhism and the Collapse of the Tang Dynasty

- Religion has always had an impact on an individual’s perspectives and the government, and this can clearly be seen with Buddhism and the Tang Dynasty. Before Buddhism pervaded China, the traditional religion in China was Confucianism, and the majority of individuals strictly followed the rules and principles of Confucianism. When Buddhism was introduced, every person engendered their own views on Buddhism and the influences the religion would have on the government. The Tang Dynasty generated a prosperous time in China, until the dynasty spiraled down into its demise in c....   [tags: Chinese History, Han Yu, Morals and Values]

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Legacies of Ancient China

- China, located in the far north easterly corner of the globe is the largest country in Asia and home to over 1.3 billon people. Some sources claim China to be the oldest known continuous civilization in the world, with more than 5000 year of culture (see bibliography). Therefore it comes with no surprise that ancient China had some of the most influential ‘thinkers’ of that period who helped to shape their world. The early Chinese left behind a great number of legacies which were the forerunners to the ideas and technologies we enjoy today such as basic medicine, paper currency, deep drilling and the bureaucracy system....   [tags: asian history, chinese history, research paper]

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