Introduction Since ancient times, women was described as men’s accessories. Theoretically, women represent ying and men represent yang. In Daoism, women were believed to have lower positions than man in the hierarchical order of the universe. Since women are borned, the tradition is to keep them away from society. The concept of “Women, Marriage and Family” were taught by their family since they were young. However, during the old days, women did allow some decision making, within the family meeting, for example, position a role of leadership as wife in assisting her husband in family matter. Nonetheless, there are some characters and stories which describe the importance of women in Chinese History. Women have big contributions towards productivity, …show more content…
Before she married, she have to obey her father and brother. Once married, she have to give authority to her husband and also her father-in- law. These contrast shows women occupied different position in differences perspectives. Women play an important role in Chinese History. There were some examples of successful women in Chinese history inspiring women to change their status. For example, Ban Zhao and Wu Zetian were famous historical characters which change men perspective towards women (Cartwright, 2017). Ban Zhao (45 - 116 AD) was a female historian which famous with her works “Lesson for Women”. The book appeal the education of women education. Beside that, Wu Zetian (624 - 705 AD) shows her political and military leadership in managing the empire. As a conclusion, women do not occupy with a lower status than man in Chinese History. Women, in fact, contributed to the growth of Chinese history in politics, education, military and economic aspects. Women have the abilities and qualities as men do not encounter which make a better …show more content…
They protect and fight for their countries. This feminism process started to accept by the society. For example, Hao Fu is the first women general who appeared about 3200 years ago. One oracle engraving on animal bones characterize her as a commander of 13000 soldiers. In the inscription, it was shown that important generals such as Zhi and Hao Gao were under her command. Many weapons such as axes was found from her tomb. Beside that, the King Wu Ding very believe in Fu Hao. He instructed Fu Hao to conduct sacrifice ritual and festivals. After Fu Hao died, the King constructed a tomb for her using royal cemetery to remember her sacrifices for the country. The story “beat battle drum at Golden Mountain” indicates the involvement of Chinese women in national self-defence. Qin Liangyu is the lady which known for fighting with her husband in many battles. In Gold Mountain battle, Qin used flag and drum sound to guide the army. She was brave thus not afraid of the enemies. She helps hundred thousands refugees to settle down and promote food production. More importantly, Qin Liangyu, as a role model of Chinese women, reflects the strength and powerfulness of Chinese women soldiers in
As stated before, many women who felt that they were involved in nationalist movements saw these opportunities presented to women. In document 4, Teodora Gomes is able to provide us with information about the opportunities of roles in nationalist party leadership for women. In document 1, Manmohini Saghal shows increased public participation of women. In document 2, Song Qingling even shows that women have taken place in military efforts during this time. In document 1, Manmohini Saghal shows increased public participation of women. These documents clearly show how women saw these movements as opportunities to change th...
The united States Declaration of independence states that all men are equal, but aren’t all women as well? Nowadays, the numbers for the population are at an increase for the support in gender equality, with the capture of feminist labels. The seek for equality between men and women, and criticize the privileges that arouse by gender differences. However in Old China, males control almost everything due to a patriarchal society. At that time, not only men, but also women are influenced by male chauvinism. In the Jade Peony, written by Wayson Choy, female characters are affected by an unequal perspective despite their age group.
Gender history would not be possible without the rise of women and their headstrong goal of gaining a place in the history books. Early historians developed a more simple outlook, which simply classified every women be similar in class. As historian developed a more critical analysis, they included many social factors to explain women’s status change. Women created gender history, and now doors are open for other gender issues to be researched.
Chen, Jo-shui. "Empress Wu and Proto-feminist Sentiments in T'ang China." In Imperial Rulership and Cultural Change in Traditional China, edited by Frederick P. Brandauer and Chün-chieh Huang. 77-116. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994.
Throughout history, women have played a vital role in civilization, despite the overlook of their incessantly underappreciated qualities. However, in classical societies such as Rome, Greece, China, and India, a woman’s social status was valued more than that of their political status.
What personal qualities were a women in classical China supposed to exhibit? What were her prescribed responsibilities? To what extent were normative gender roles for women in classical India similar? To what extent they were different?
Gender equality has been an issue in the world for the past century. The contrast between men and women in China begins at home and translates into workplace expectations. In China, the expectation in the home is that men are superior to women and that she should be obliged to serve her husband. According to the Passport to China, “Confucianism is still a major factor in Chinese culture. A direct quote from the Passport to China represents this well. “The Confucian husband rules over his wife as a lord rules his people.” This essentially means that the husband is superior to the woman entirely in households that still maintain the Confucian attitudes of the past.
Women have had changing roles in every society for centuries. Depending on the country, some women have had a harder time achieving equality. One of these countries is China. These women have faced such obstacles as foot binding to concubines. Until the twentieth century women were not considered equals in their society.
According to Stevens (2003), two female figures, namely the New Women and the Modern Girl, appeared in Republican China as the gender-specific images in the reformation of Chinese women. While the New Women represents a positive view towards modernity who is therefore the primal figure in the modern nation project, her counterpart the Modern Girl is in deep anxieties and confusions of forming a woman’s subjectivity. As the Modern Girl begins to gain an increasing importance in recent research, she becomes a revealing and insightful figure in terms of the Chinese women’s gender roles in change (Hershatter, 2007; Yen, 2005; Stevens, 2003; Shih, 2001). Stevens (2003: 83) offers a succinct depiction of her:
The Chinese people experienced rapid changes, in government and their own culture in the 20th century. In the book, Wild Swans, by Jung Chang, she depicts the experiences of not only oppression and suffering, but the development of the communist revolution, under Mao. Also, to show how the Chinese people, women in particular, fought against impossible odds by interweaving historical and personal stories from the twentieth century China.
Examples of cultural constructions can be seen throughout history in several forms such as gender, relationships, and marriage. “Cultural construction of gender emphasizes that different cultures have distinctive ideas about males and females and use these ideas to define manhood/masculinity and womanhood/femininity.” (Humanity, 239) In many cultures gender roles are a great way to gain an understanding of just how different the construction of gender can be amongst individual cultures. The video The Women’s Kingdom provides an example of an uncommon gender role, which is seen in the Wujiao Village where the Mosuo women are the last matriarchy in the country and have been around for over one thousand years. Unlike other rural Chinese villages where many girls are degraded and abandoned at birth, Mosuo woman are proud and run the households where the men simply assist in what they need. The view of gender as a cultural construct ...
After I read the Women’s Roles in Traditional China Ebrey text, I know that it described women’s virtue and vices. And also the text includes perceptions of women and they can’t participate with the financial problems. For talking about the women’s roles in old China, I associate the Books of odes with describing the women’s figure, one of this odes describe, “ Peach tree young and fresh, plump are its fruits: this girl’s getting married, she’ll do well in her rooms. It depicted that most of girl were the virtuous figure and can do the well household at home. This text also indirectly mentioned that women should did the household at home and couldn’t have a work at outside, which shows that women has a low status in ancient society.
This could not be more true when looking at Chinas monumental defeat in the First Sino-Japanese War. Many Chinese civilians where viewing their country as the new losers under Social Darwinism, and many of them thought adopting western political and educational systems would be the answer to their problems. Society thought they needed to produce more enlightened women to raise children better suited for society. The new education system included, and essentially revolved around, women’s education and schools for girls. During this time girl’s schools where not teaching math and science but rather focusing on Chinese, English, physical education and home economics, including needle point, in an effort to make women better suited to raise perfect future citizens. Nonetheless, these educational opportunities, though done in what now is considered oppressive reasoning, women where still able to take these opportunities to learn about the world and new ideas, how to read and write, and the opportunity to not fully rely on a father or husband. Further embodying the new modern women, by laying the ground work of education and