Acts of violence against the Chinese continued for decades, mostly from white urban and agricultural workers. In 1862 alone, eighty-eight Chinese were reported murdered. Though large landowners that hired Chinese, railroads and other large white-owned businesses, and Chinese workers themselves pushed against a growing anti-Chinese legislation, the forces opposing the Chinese prevailed, issuing laws that excluded or harassed them from industry after industry. Mob violence steadily increased against the Chinese until even employers were at risk. Eventually, laws such the Naturalization Act of 1870 and the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 restricted immigration of Chinese immigrants into the U.
Vol 17. California: Sage Publications, 1993 Mancall, Mark. China at the Center: 300 Years of Foreign Policy. New York: The Free Press, 1984. Pong, David, and Edmund S.K.
Beijing and New York: China Statistical Publishing House. Wang, H. (1993), China’s Exports Since 1979. New York: St. Martin’s Press. World Bank (1990). China: Between Plan and Market.
The emergence of Maoism: Mao Tse-tung, Ch'en Po-ta, and the search for Chinese theory, 1935-1945. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1980. Print.
Over time they made lasting contributions to their adopted country and became a vital part of the United States population (Immigration Station). Upon hearing the word of gold in California, thousands of Chinese, mostly young male peasants, left their villages in the rural countries to become rich in the American West. Few actually were able to strike it rich, and laws were put on immigrants who tried to strike it rich. The law was a high tax, $10, on miners who were immigrants to discourage them from venturing into the mines. When their pursuit at wealth through the gold mines failed, they then decided to become laborers.
Chinese immigrants have lived in the United States for a long time, tracing back to the Gold Rush in the early 19th century. At that time, thousands of Chinese came and worked in agriculture, construction and other jobs with low wages due to the shortage of knowledge in other fields. When the American immigration policy was released for foreign people in 1965, the second flow of Chinese immigration emerged. As a minority group w... ... middle of paper ... ...with integrating, you will realize your life is getter better. Works Cited Hoeffel, Elizabeth M., Sonya Rastogi, Myoung Ouk Kim, and Hasan Shahid.
The Heathen Chinese: A Study of American Attitudes toward China, 1890-1905. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1971. Pan, Lynn. Sons of the Yellow Emperor: A History of the Chinese Diaspora. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1990.
American workers began to oppose this new labor force, the Government responded by passing the Chinese Exclusion Acts, forcing most of the Chinese to return to China. The Japanese were also included in the act, most of the Japanese that came to the United States worked in the fields in Hawaii. This angered the farmers of American, because the Japanese were more skillful. (Hoyt 37) The Japanese had been coming to America at a steady rate of roughly a thousand per year. After the annexation of Hawaii, the Japanese appeared in record numbers of twelve thousand per year.