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Impure Science: AIDS, Activism, and the Politics of Knowledge

- Reading Response Impure Science: AIDS, Activism, and the Politics of Knowledge Steven Epstein is a sociologist whose expertise lies in health care inequalities and research on human subjects. Published in 1995, Impure Science: AIDS, Activism, and the Politics of Knowledge is a study of the politicized production of knowledge in the AIDS epidemic in the United States. This work shows Epstein’s interest in how expertise is constructed, the ways in which those who are considered “outsiders” can influence medicine, and how credibility is gained and lost....   [tags: Diseases, Disorders]

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The Rising of HIV/AIDS in the United States Population

- In 1991, the world learned that one of the most iconic players in the history of basketball had tested positive for HIV (Johnson). Earvin “Magic” Johnson stood with his wife by his side and announced to the world that he had contracted this disease as a result of having unprotected sex. Johnson stated that he contracted disease from having unprotected sex and because of this, he now has to live with a disease that has changed his entire life (Johnson). During this time, many people were uneducated about the disease and some were afraid to be in contact with anyone carrying the virus....   [tags: Unprotected Sex, Sharing Needles]

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Understanding and Overcoming the Stigma Surrounding the HIVS/AIDS Epidemic

- In 1985, due to the complaints and fears of parents and teachers, a thirteen-year-old hemophiliac in Kokomo, Indiana was expelled from middle school when his Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) diagnosis became public knowledge. In 1986, forty-one years after the Holocaust, conservative journalist William F. Buckley, Jr. proposed that “…everyone detected with AIDS should be tattooed in the upper forearm, to protect common-needle users, and on the buttocks, to prevent the victimization of other homosexuals”....   [tags: Social Pariahs, Testing Results]

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- AIDS Sub-Saharan Africa is the region of the world that is most affected by HIV/AIDS. An estimated 26.6 million people are living with HIV/AIDS and approximately 3.2 million new infections occurred in Sub-Saharan Africa in 2003. In just the past year the epidemic has claimed the lives of an estimated 2.3 million Africans. Ten million young people (aged 15-24) and almost 3 million children under 15 are living with HIV. An estimated eleven million children have been orphaned by AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa....   [tags: HIV Diseases Health Medical Essays]

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- AZT The AIDS virus is one of the most deadly and most wide spread diseases in the modern era. The disease was first found in 1981 as doctors around the United States began to report groups of young, homosexual men developing a rare pneumonia caused by an organism called Penumocystis carini. These patients then went on to develop many other new and rare complications that had previously been seen only in patients with severely damaged immune systems. The Center for Disease Control in the United States named this new epidemic the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and defined it by a specific set of symptoms....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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The Silent Killer of African Americans: The Epidemic of HIV/AIDS

- The epidemic of HIV/AIDS has been a repeat offender in the deaths of many people worldwide, African Americans, specifically, have been disproportionately impacted by this virus since it was first discovered in the early 1980s. Despite African Americans only being accountable for a small portion of the total U.S. population, they are the ethnic group most greatly affected by this virus. The HIV and AIDS epidemic does not simply target African American males, but over the years has grown to greatly affect black women, gay and bisexual men and the youth as well....   [tags: victims, poor, virus]

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AIDS: Sleep With The Angels

- For my choice book, I chose to read &#8220;Sleep With the Angels';. This was a book that dealt with a mother who was HIV positive. Her name was Mary Fischer. I found this to be very inspirational, in many senses. I did however find the book to be somewhat monotonous, as the entire book was centered on Mary and all of her public speeches that she gave, and where she gave them. I personally, would much rather had the book been about her life, her children, how she contracted the disease and dealt with the daily tasks that come along with being a positive HIV mother....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Life Expectancy in South Africa and HIV/AIDS

- Life expectancy is the average period that a person may expect to live. This is directly related to mortality which is the amount of deaths in a particular population during a specific period of time (OECD, 2009). According to World Health Organization the average Life expectancy in the world was 70 in 2011, varying from 80 to 60 with developed countries such as Japan at the peak with 80 whereas developing countries like Uganda and South Africa are at close to the bottom with 43 and 63 respectively (WHO, 2014)....   [tags: Virus, Sexual Transmission]

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AIDS in the United States

- AIDS in the United States Until the beginning of the AIDS epidemic, a rare, benign skin disease called Kaposi’s Sarcoma was almost exclusively diagnosed in older, dark-skinned men from Europe and Africa. Between 1979 and 1981, “Kaposi’s sarcoma had been diagnosed in twenty-six men, twenty in New York and six in California. Eight had died, all in less than two years. Only one was nonwhite. None was more than fifty-one years old; the mean age was thirty-nine. All were homosexual.” (Grmek, 6-7) The emergence of Kaposi’s sarcoma in the United States and its behavior aroused concern in the medical community....   [tags: Research Disease Diseases Sexually Essays]

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HAPATO - HIV/AIDS Preventive Agency of Toronto

- Introduction HAPATO, HIV/AIDS Preventive Agency of Toronto is a non-profit organization that develops programs and brings awareness to the public about HIV/AIDs. A 25-member panel of expert consultants are working with Health Canada to develop Stop HIV Now, a campaign designed to bring awareness to the increasing number of Canadians diagnosed with HIV/AIDS. We are focusing on raising awareness among all Canadians and reducing the risk of infection among the most vulnerable groups. HAPATO is working tirelessly with communities to develop information about HIV/AIDS, increase the knowledge of gay men, youths, and aboriginals to reduce the transmission of HIV within these groups....   [tags: gay, healthcare, treatment]

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The Dangers Of Diet Aids

- THE DANGERS OF DIET AIDS About a month ago, I stepped onto my bathroom scales. When I looked down at the numbers, my fears were confirmed: I had gained 5 pounds. Overcome with a desire to shed this unwanted extra weight, I decided to join millions of Americans just like me, and buy some sort of diet aid to help me along. I had no idea what to look for, what to avoid, and possible side effects, so I began to research the different types of diet aids, both chemical and herbal, and was hit with some very disturbing facts....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Signs, Symptoms and Awareness for HIV/AIDS Patients

- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a slow moving retrovirus that eventually causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome commonly called AIDS. This combo disease known as HIV/AIDS is labeled as a pandemic and has caused controversy throughout the whole world. The disease begins when a person infected passes on the HIV virus through sexual secretions, blood transfusions, and using dirty needles. The virus enters through vaginal or anal openings and through open cuts, once the virus enters a person’s blood stream they are infected with HIV however they may not necessarily have AIDS (WEBMD)....   [tags: retrovirus transmitted through body fluids]

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HIV/AIDS, Herpes and HPV in South African Youth

- Introduction The South African youth is the most affected demographic in sexually transmitted diseases due to the high number of cases it presents. According to the UNAIDS, it is this age group of the population that has shown the highest HIV prevalence over time. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) like Herpes and HPV within the South African youth are also associated to the transmission of HIV because both of them increase the risk of infection. Furthermore, this interrelation between HIV and other STDs helps explain the HIV epidemic in South Africa....   [tags: Disease ]

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AIDS, Prison, and Preventative Medicine:

- AIDS, Prison, and Preventative Medicine The word "prison" conjures up thoughts of a dark and deviant subculture, living in a chaotic and destructive environment out of the sight and mind of mainstream America. Hollywood has skewed our views of prisoners, painting them as a seemingly irreparable subclass of humans that are only further downgraded and downtrodden by prison lives filled with violence and rape. Certainly the life of a prisoner is tough, and violence is inevitably present in prison systems where gangs frequently play a prominent role in social organization (Conover 2000)....   [tags: HIV Jail Violence Rape Papers]

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HIV/AIDS: Living With the Virus and Beating the Odds

- In today’s world HIV/AIDS has become an epidemic that has not only challenged the research of our medical professionals, but also the lives of several children born with this infectious disease. In order to understand this epidemic we have to travel the path in which it was discovered. In two articles referencing the HIV/AIDS epidemic, the authors presents different challenges faced by those born with the disease. The author of “A Generation Born With HIV/AIDS Defies the Odds" by Madison Park states many children have defied the odds by attending support groups hosted by Jackson Memorial Hospital to assist them in coping with challenges of disease and fitting in....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]

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Everything You Need to Know about AIDS and HIV

- Table of Contents 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1 1.1 WHAT IS HIV 1 1.1.1TRANSMISSION METHODS 1 1.2. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HIV/AIDS 1 1.2.1Early Stage of HIV: Symptoms 1 1.2.2 The Clinical Latency Stage 2 1.2.3Progression to AIDS: Symptoms 2 1.3. HEALTH IMPACTS OF HIV 3 2.0 Impacts of HIV/AIDS 3 2.1 Social 3 2.1.1 Gender 3 2.1.2 Discrimination 4 2.1.3 Culture 4 2.2 Economic - Individual 4 2.2.1 Orphans 4 2.2.2 Labor Supply 4 2.2.3 Costs 4 2.2.4 Household Expenditures 5 2.2.5 The Public Sector 5 2.3 Economic - Healthcare 5 2.3.1 Human Capital 5 2.3.2 Increased Demand for Health Care 5 2.3.3 Shortage of Health Professionals 5 3.0 Recommendations 6 4.0 Conclusion 6 References 7 ‘Discuss in reasonable deta...   [tags: signs, symptoms, transmission, prevention]

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Edward Koch and AIDS in New York City

- ... People were proud of their city as major sports teams were bring in championships, artwork around the city was being installed around the city and public spaces were being restored. It was a great time to live in New York City and it was attracting people from all over the world. Moreover, gay men and women from all over the country were flocking in from small towns to this major metropolitan area in order find people like themselves and escape the oppression they faced from their home communities....   [tags: rights, gays, justice, leader]

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Noise Reduction In Hearing Aids

- Recently in a local hearing clinic, a client’s concerns were discussed. “I’m afraid I won’t like them. My brother in law bought two hearing aids, and he keeps them in a drawer in the kitchen.” While the number of people dissatisfied with their hearing aids hovers around 50%, the hearing aid industry is hard pressed to decrease the number of returns, and increase the average daily use of each aid. In order to accomplish this, hearing aid manufacturers must answer the most often heard complaint: “It doesn’t work well in noise.” Unfortunately, a hearing aid will never be able to accomplish the sifting and sorting that is carried out in the human brain....   [tags: essays research papers]

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AIDS in the Movie Philadelphia

- PHILADELPHIA Rated: PG-13 Release Date: 23-Dec-1993 DVD Date: 02-Nov-2004 HBS User Ratings Directed By: Written By: Cast: 1 review, 12 ratings Jonathan Demme Ron Nyswaner Tom Hanks Denzel Washington Awesome 16.67% Antonio Banderas Worth A Look 11.11% Our Reviewer Says: Jason Robards Just Average 16.67% "It's a touchy subject." - MP Bartley Joanne Woodward Pretty Crappy 44.44% Mary Steenburgen Sucks 11.11% Now here's a controversial one - the...   [tags: essays research papers]

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AIDS/HIV & Its Effects on Popular Culture

- ... Human Immunodeficiency Virus may only be contracted from exposure to these fluids if blood is present. The main way that Human Immunodeficiency Virus is contracted is through seminal or vaginal secretions, blood, cerebral spinal fluid, and the breast milk of an infected individual. Once the Virus enters the body it starts to replicate itself, making more and more Human Im-munodeficiency Virus cells, the cells hide itself and may lay dormant for many years. When these cells “wake up”, they may attack healthy Immune cells (CD4+T), of the host, and ulti-mately weaken its immune system, which makes it unable to fight off other opportunistic infec-tions, like the common Influenza Virus....   [tags: research paper, life-changing pandemic]

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The Pharmaceutical Industry and the AIDS Crisis in Developing Countries

- HIV/AIDS, the latest, contemporary disease that is afflicting and devastating millions, about thirty-five million of the world’s population, a little less than one percent, of which seventy percent inhabits the continent of Africa, where a great many developing countries are found. HIV, a sexually transmitted disease that discards the infector’s immune system, many of which die less than a year, may be acquired through several paths: blood, semen, breast milk, vaginal fluids, and rectal mucous (   [tags: Corporate Philanthropy, High Prices]

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HIV and AIDS: Public Safety vs. Civil Liberties

- When a nation is faced with a deadly epidemic does the country have the right to suspend individual’s rights in order to better protect the welfare of the community. This debate has emerged across the U.S.; many have implemented quarantines with regards to h1n1 virus and other contagious, potentially deadly diseases. This includes but is not limited to isolating individuals infected, closing schools, and shutting down public transportation systems. Others are considering enacting new and controversial rules....   [tags: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, STDs]

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Understanding HIV and AIDS

- HIV/ AIDS HIV/AIDS is an epidemic that effects both men and women of all ages. It has an impact on many people's lives either by themselves being infected, knowing someone who is infected, or being a health care worker. HIV is a virus that attacks the body's immune system. It also effects the blood cells (lymphocytes) and cells of the organs (bone marrow, spleen, liver, and lymph glands). It effects the lungs, central nervous system and gastrointestinal system. People begin with having the HIV virus....   [tags: health, virus, medicine]

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Discrimintation Of Aids Patients

- AIDS, or the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome has been one of the most threatening diseases of the 20th century. Ever since it has been discovered in 1981, it has been constantly infecting men, women, adults, newly born children, homosexuals and heterosexuals. In definition AIDS is an extremely serious disorder that results from severe damage to the body’s defense against disease. Even though AIDS was born in an era of sophisticated medical and surgical developments, it still remains incurable....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Are HIV/AIDS Carriers Suffering from Discrimination?

- Are people with HIV/AIDS suffering from Discrimination. HIV/AIDS is thriving now more so than ever. In fact, the World Health Organization reported that "34 million people around the world had HIV in 2010" (Eunice Shriver). Individuals with HIV can be judged by the society in many ways; they’re often rejected by others from various activities, because most people are misguided by the views of HIV. Though society has grown accustomed to the idea that many people are suffering from HIV/AIDS, many are still ignorant to the facts which leads to discrimination against the brave people battling the serious symptoms of the virus....   [tags: ignorance, lack of knowledge about HIV]

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AIDS-Infected Orphans

- The epidemic of HIV has affected another epidemic, Orphans. The UN says that in 2010 there will be about 53.1million orphans and more than 15 million will be because their one or both parents died from HIV/AIDS (orphans in Africa project). In 2008, around 430,000 children under the age of 14 were infected with HIV (Queiroz, Africa a continent of orphans). Children that are abandoned by their parents become are emotionally traumatized. (AIDS orphans) This creates a problem with their psychological state....   [tags: Humanitarian Issues]

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The Way the Learning of Science Aids in the Structure of Society

- C.W Lewis, a novelist, once said that, "Literature adds to reality, it does not simply describe it. It enriches the necessary competencies that daily life requires and provides; and in this respect, it irrigates the deserts that our lives have already become." . Edmund Burke once said that,” Society is indeed a contract. ... It is a partnership in all science; a partnership in all art; a partnership in every virtue, and in all perfection.” .These two quotes outline what I have learned about individuals and society through the study of science and literature....   [tags: Scientific Research ]

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AIDS: cause And Effect

- In 1981, a new fatal, infectious disease was diagnosed--AIDS (Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome). It began in major cities, such as New York, Los Angeles, Miami, and San Francisco. People, mostly homosexual men and intravenous drug users, were dying from very rare lung infections or from a cancer known as Kaposi’s sarcoma. They have not seen people getting these diseases in numerous years. Soon, it also affected hemophiliacs, blood recipients, prostitutes and their customers, and babies born from AIDS-infected women....   [tags: essays research papers]

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AIDS Transmission and Research

- The Homosexual Question Review: The AIDS Cover-Up. by Gene Antonio. Ignatius Press: San Francisco, 1987. AIDS, the acronym for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, is a controversial venereal disease. It is best known for producing an inability of the body’s immune system to ward off infections. AIDS is 100% fatal, often within five years after symptoms first appear. There is no medical cure for AIDS. The disease was first noticed as a plague among male homosexuals, and now has been known to have been transmitted to others....   [tags: essays research papers]

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AIDS: Research and Funding

- AIDS is slowly becoming the number one killer across the globe. Throughout numerous small countries, AIDS has destroyed lives, taken away mothers, and has left hopeless children as orphans. The problem remains that funding for the diseases’ medical research is limited to none. In the country Brazil, HIV/AIDS has been compared to the bubonic plague, one of the oldest yet, most deadly diseases to spread rapidly across Europe (Fiedler 524). Due to this issue, Brazil’s government has promised that everyone who has been diagnosed with either HIV or AIDS will receive free treatment; however, this treatment does not include help in purchasing HIV medications, that “carry astronomical price tags”...   [tags: essays research papers]

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AIDS In Africa Speech

- AIDS In Africa Speech Africa continues to dwarf the rest of the world in how the region has been affected by AIDS. Africa is home to 70% of the adults and 80% of the children living with HIV in the world. According to the UNAIDS report, the estimated number of newly infected adults and children in Africa reached 3.5 million at the end of 2001. The HIV/AIDS epidemic in Africa will not be stopped with drugs and "abstinence only" education, Sex education and condom availability are required for this battle....   [tags: Papers]

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HIV And AIDS Prevention

- Summary: The first national, co-ordinated AIDS education campaign was not launched until 1988, since then there has been an increase in trying to educate all people in the United States about HIV and AIDS prevention. Unfortunately, the number of infections has not seen much decline and actually some rise in the number of infections in the past decade within two specific groups: young gay men and young women of color. Trojan is one the most commonly known and recognized brands for presenting pregnancy and disease....   [tags: Disease]

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AIDS During Its Beginnings

- In Africa Ebola killed numerous people leaving behind people that didnt even know why or what was happening. It was a lot like what started happening in the U.S. in the mid 1970’s. When aids first showed up in Denmark people were dieing but no one new why. In the first few cases there were no major illnesses. The disease that showed up was one that attacks the bodies immune system. The US was completely not ready for this to happen. . At the beginning doctors and scientist didn’t know how the disease was passes or were it came from....   [tags: essays research papers]

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HIV/AIDS Awareness

- The lack of knowledge in today’s world is a major issue. It is causing the spread of many dangerous health problems. One in particular is AIDS, which stands for acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Yes, people hear about it; however, the spread continues. With higher knowledge of everything that goes hand and hand with it, the spread can be put to a stop. HIV/AIDS Awareness is the most effective way to end the worldwide spread of this killer disease. Before getting into the deep details of HIV/AIDS, one must know and understand the background behind it....   [tags: Human Diseases]

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AIDS, Life or Death?

- AIDS - Life or Death. Imagine this, one morning you wakeup next to someone who you only know by their first name. You can't believe you took this person home with you. Then a month later you find out that by sleeping with this person you have contracted the HIV virus. All your goals and dreams shattered by a one night stand. I hope to inform you about the AIDS and HIV disease. Also, I am going to explain to you what it is, who it affects and how it is passed. How to prevent yourself from getting it and treatments for it....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]

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Understanding HIV/AIDS

- In today’s world HIV/AIDS has become an epidemic that has not only challenged the research of our medical professionals, but also the lives of several children born with this infectious disease. In order to understand this epidemic we have to travel the path in which it was discovered. In 1985, human immunodeficiency also known as HIV was discovered by scientist and that discovery alone brought up many questions with very little definite answers. Due to this discovery several people are in search of an understanding & cure for this disease, but the question still remains what is AIDS and how can we prevent the transmission from mother to fetus....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]

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Ergogenic Aids in Sports

- Ergogenic Aids in Sports A large problem in sports today is the use of ergogenic aids. An ergogenic aid is any substance or device that increases or enhances energy use, production, or recovery giving the athlete an advantage in competition. Not all ergogenic aids are illegal; many such as dietary supplements, vitamin supplements, or protein supplements are widely used and accepted, however, many are illegal and are banned by many athletic committees(Ahrendt,1). I will be discussing these illegal aids and the affect they have on the athlete and the athletic community....   [tags: Papers]

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History of Hearing Aids

- The story of the hearing aid depicts one of the most ridiculous timelines of technological advancements in all of history. Although we modernly think of a “hearing aid” as a small device which is inserted into the ear canal, the reality is that a hearing aid is “an apparatus that amplifies sound and compensates for impaired hearing.” Thus, I invite you to expand your mind, and draw your attention to the intriguing, and absolutely absurd, timeline of the hearing aid. The most common model of the ancestral hearing aid is that of the simple ear trumpet....   [tags: Sound Deaf]

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HIV/AIDS Patients

- 1. Two Nutritional Groups Person suffering with HIV/AIDS Having a healthy, balanced diet containing all 5 food groups in the correct amount as well as keeping to an exercise programme will improve the quality and increase the quantity of an HIV positive patient’s life by: • maintaining a healthy body weight • replacing lost Vitamins and Minerals • helping the body to fight infection • extending the period from getting HIV to developing AIDS • keeping active, taking care of themselves, their family and allowing them to carry on working HIV/AIDS patients have increased nutritional needs as the immune system is working very hard to fight off infections....   [tags: food, diet, nutrition]

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Impairements and Physics Aids

- Impairements and Physics Aids Our elbow is a hinge joint, which means that it can move in only one plane – like a hinge on a door. A joint is where 2 bones meet. [1] Our elbow is a hinge joint made up of the humerus which is the bone of the upper arm, the ulna which is the bone that runs from the your elbow to the tip of your pinky finger at the side of your wrist, and the radius which is the lower arm at the other side of the ulna.[2] The elbow joint can be permanently damaged through frequent sports injuries such as bad sprains and fractures and through weakening of the joint caused by diseases such as osteoarthritis, which occurs when; the cartilage at the...   [tags: Papers]

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Naming Death A-I-D-S

- Naming Death   I was visiting a doctor in Kwazulu-Natal, the province hardest hit by AIDS, to see for myself the impact of AIDS in the region. The doctor was just finishing up with an elderly patient from a village. After I introduced myself and stated the purpose of my visit, she immediately leaned towards the woman and demanded, "Tell her, just tell her how many young people you've buried this week."   The elderly woman softly replied, "Five funerals this Saturday. Every week about five or six."   "We've been told that one in eight South Africans are estimated to be HIV-positive," I said....   [tags: AIDS]

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Mandatory AIDS Testing

- Mandatory AIDS Testing AIDS has become a worldwide epidemic that has struck every identifiable group. However, persons who are considered to be in a high-risk group of contracting HIV, the disease believed to cause AIDS, are still stigmatized by the media and other professionals as being diseased and abnormal. It is quite surprising still that this type of stereotype still exists now in our gender-bending society. No longer do only gays, prostitutes, bisexual men, intravenous drug users contract HIV, the heterosexual community is also facing the epidemic at phenomenon increases....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]

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The HIV/AIDS Pandemic in the Developing World

- Pandemic is a large scale epidemic affecting more than one country. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) was first clinically diagnosed in the early 1980s but retrospective diagnosis suggests it existed well before this date. AIDS is caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) of which there are several strains. AIDS is a syndrome (a collection of signs and symptoms) which develops from an impaired ability to fight disease i.e. it undermines the bodies defences against viruses, infections and malignancies....   [tags: Papers]

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AIDS Resistance Genes

- The What AIDS researchers have recently uncovered a genetic trait that may provide protection against HIV-1. A "defect" that could account for unexplained cases of individuals that seem to have an immunity or protection against HIV-1. They are calling the trait an "AIDS Resistance Gene". What is an AIDS-Resitance Gene. This is just one of the questions our group inquired about when we began our investigations into the latest of AIDS research. AIDS Acquired immune deficiency syndrome, AIDS, is a serious disease that becomes more and more common in our nation and around the world....   [tags: Biology]

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The Connection Between AIDS and Homosexuality in Literature

-       Disease permeates itself through all walks of life.  No one is unaffected by disease and the destruction it brings.  Families destroyed, communities torn apart, and societies in despair.  AIDS has taken its toll on the present society, and everyone is affected.  Much of the literature written on AIDS has tried to capture the disease and give it some form of meaning.  Where it comes from, how one contracts it, and the lifestyle of an AIDS victim many times is addressed in various novels and books.   Many of the authors that write on AIDS write with homosexual themes.  Homosexuality is prevalent in many books about AIDS and the question is why?  According to Les Wright many books with...   [tags: Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Issues]

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Challenges Facing AIDS Activism in America

- Challenges Facing AIDS Activism in America Even before HIV/AIDS first showed up in the United States in 1980-1981, homosexuals were greatly stigmatized within American society. The homophobia that already existed was only exacerbated by the fact that the overwhelming majority of those diagnosed with HIV/AIDS during the first few years of the epidemic were homosexual males (so much so in fact that AIDS was originally called the "Gay-Related Immuno Deficiency"). The US male homosexual population found itself confronted with a national epidemic that was receiving zero national attention....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]

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HIV and Aids in Sub Saharan Africa

- HIV and Aids in Sub Saharan Africa Introduction Sub Saharan Africa has a very serious HIV / AIDS epidemic with millions of its people living with the disease. It has now become a human tragedy in many areas of the world, but most affected is sub Saharan Africa. It is no coincidence that the countries suffering most with HIV / AIDS are also the poorest. HIV / AIDS is now considered to be the single most important impediment to social progress to many countries in Africa .This report will analyse the current situation using up to date sources from articles, books and the World Wide Web....   [tags: HIV in Africa]

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Should Marijuana be Legalized for AIDS Use?

- Should Marijuana be Legalized for AIDS Use. Fifteen years ago the word AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) was barely used in the United States. Today, it's on the cover of every newspaper, and parents and kids discuss it regularly in the household. It is no longer considered someone else's problem; it is now everyone's problem. Not a day goes by that a person doesn't worry about AIDS. The fear of AIDS is heightened only by the fact that there is no cure. People with AIDS must live with the fact that they are eventually going to die....   [tags: social issues]

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The Effects Of Aids On South African Sport

- Mr President, Mrs Hummel, Mrs Green, Ladies and Gentlemen By 2010 one in every two 15 year old South Africans will be HIV positive… An alarming fact, which will have devastating impacts on all aspects of South African life. The statistics for HIV in SA, no matter how they are presented are frightening. Currently in SA 4,2 Million people are HIV positive, that is a tenth of our population, more than any other country in the world. As AIDS is a very contentious issue at the moment in our country....   [tags: essays research papers]

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HIV / AIDS among Kenyan Youth

- In 2001, Sub-Saharan Africa recorded the highest number of deaths from HIV/AIDS, with 29.4 million people living with AIDS; 10 million young people and 3 million children. Among these, 12.2 million were women and 10.1 million men. In 2002, 3.5 million new infections were reported. From this backdrop, Kenyans were interviewed on their perceptions of sex and condom use within heterosexual relationships revealing that denial and silence played a major role in the escalation of the pandemic while gender differences, culture and power were perceived as negatively impacting negotiation of sex and condom use within Kenyan communities....   [tags: HIV in Africa]

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World Distribution and Economic Effects of AIDS

- AIDS was first diagnosed in the USA and although now a world wide pandemic, the main extent of the AIDS problem is concentrated in the continent of Africa, especially south of the Sahara desert. In 2004 30 million Africans were infected and living with AIDS, it is estimated that up to a third of central African are infected with the virus HIV. In other parts of the world the AIDS problem at this time is not so severe however the virus is spreading rapidly, especially in Russia and the former Soviet Union countries....   [tags: Papers]

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The Epidemic of AIDS in the African-American Community

- In the early 1980's, many gay men were found to suffer from Kaposi's sarcoma, a cancer usually associated with elderly men of Mediterranean ethnicity. Eventually the gay men wasted away and died. Word began to spread throughout the homosexual community that gay men were dying of an otherwise rare cancer. The medical community began to refer to this syndrome by the colloquialism "Gay Cancer". As medical scientists researched, they discovered that the syndrome included other manifestations, such as Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP)....   [tags: Health Medical HIV Diseases Essays]

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Prevention for HIV/AIDS

- Prevention for HIV/AIDS Although anti-viral therapy exists to support people coping with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and AIDS, the AIDS epidemic is not over. Though it is not prevalent in the Untied States, 2.1 million people died of AIDS by 1999. Half a million children under the age of fifteen are HIV positive, mostly infected through mother-to-child transmission or sexual assault (2). Ninety percent of HIV infections occur the developing countries, leaving the poor and struggling to cope with the epidemic (3)....   [tags: Diseases Health Medical Essays]

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Anabolic Steroid Use in AIDS Patients

- The use of Anabolic Steroids in AIDS patients is becoming increasingly popular. Steroids are used to bring the lean body mass of a patient up for multiple reasons. In most cases the loss of lean body mass from AIDS is so severe it is causing a significant decrease in quality of life. Anabolic Steroids have many inherent risks associated with them for example many types of cancer, risks of liver disease from oral AS, gynocomastia, and hormonal cycle imbalance. Steroids not only effect the body, they also change the mind state and attitude of the user....   [tags: Papers]

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Analysis of Genetic Defect that Prevents AIDS

- Introduction A number of recent studies show overwhelming evidence that there is a genetic factor which presents itself in the human host, and is critical to the ineffectivity of the In Vitro transmission of HIV-1. This genetic factor is an individual defective CKR-5 (also known as "CCR-5") allele containing a 32-base pair deletion in a region of the gene opposite to the second extracellular loop of the receptor. This defect faults the normal expression of the CKR-5 which is the co-receptor for the macrophagic tropic strains of HIV-1....   [tags: Biology Gene HIV]

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fiv feline aids

- Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is one of the top five killers of domestic cats in the U.S. In fact 3% of healthy cats were reported to have contracted the disease in the year 1999. FIV is a fatal disease and interestingly enough most FIV cats don’t die of the disease it self by by other infections caused by their lowed immune system. FIV causes a deficiency in the immune system and makes cats very susceptible to a huge variety of medical problems basically because they have no fighting power....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Rural HIV/AIDS in Southeast Ohio

- Rural HIV/AIDS in Southeast Ohio History Of all the known cases of HIV / AIDS in the United States "…5.5 percent were reported from nonmetropolitan statistical areas (non-MSAs). The Office of Management and Budget defines a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) as a county or group of counties that includes a city of 50,000 residents or an urbanized area with at least 50,000. Nonmetropolitan counties are all remaining counties (Gwinn & Wortley, 1996). "…6 percent of the female AIDS cases reported to the Center for Disease Control (CDC) during 1994 were residing in non-MSAs at the time of AIDS diagnosis (CDC, 1996)....   [tags: Case Management]

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Aids: Aquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

- AIDS: Aquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome I am doing a report on AIDS, I don't know much about AIDS but I will tell you what I know. I know that it is transmitted by sexual contact,blood,needles,children during/before birth. I also know it affects the immune system directly, It is caused by the virus HIV which they have no cure for either AIDS or HIV at the current moment, but they are doing serious research on them. I call it the "Generation X Disease" because it mostly affects my sex- oriented generation....   [tags: essays research papers]

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- Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), can be transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse, sharing contaminated needles and syringes, mother to child (perinatal) and contaminated blood product (National Association of Health Authorities, 1988). 1.2 PURPOSE OF THE RESEARCH Late HIV diagnosis remains a major problem among black Africans in England. In 2007, about 42 per cent of black Africans diagnosed with HIV were diagnosed late (HPA, 2008a). This compromises their survival chances because evidence indicates that starting treatment with a CD4 cell count below 200 copies/mm3 (a measure of the degree to which an individual’s immune system is compromised) increases the risk of disease prog...   [tags: Health, Diseases]

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Princess Diana Spoke Volumes on AIDS Awareness

- During Princess Diana's life she helped with many foundations and charities. But she finally dedicated herself to one cause in particular. Princess Diana became very involved with helping AIDS sufferers and their families. Starting in the early nineties until her death in 1997 Diana did everything she could to help all AIDS foundations. Even though she was regal, she did not consider herself better than any AIDS sufferer, and constantly held AIDS victims and visted them when everyone else was afraid of their touch....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Is Was Unfortunate That AIDS Hit The Gay Community First

- Is Was Unfortunate That AIDS Hit The Gay Community First If the United States had known 20 years ago what it knows now about the transmission and progression of HIV, it would have most likely taken greater steps to contain the spread of the virus. However, it was then unknown that each diagnosed case of AIDS represented hundreds of cases of undiagnosed HIV in the greater population. It was also unknown that HIV's eight-year incubation coupled with its mode of sexual transmission would rapidly result in one of the worst epidemics in modern history....   [tags: Gay Lesbian Issues Essays]

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AIDS - Women Die Sooner than Men

- AIDS - Women Die Sooner than Men Given the varying types of gender-specific opportunistic diseases associated with AIDS such as cervical cancer, there is reason to believe that the biological progression of HIV/AIDS is different in women and men. Still, there is no conclusive evidence in support of the hypothesis that the progression of HIV/AIDS is more accelerated in women than it is in men. Regardless, the fact that women infected with HIV/AIDS become sicker faster and die sooner than men can be entirely attributable to social factors that do not depend on the scientific details of the HIV virus....   [tags: Science Health Diseases Essays]

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Labelling and Stigmatization of Aids or Hiv Patients in Hong Kong

- Introduction Labeling and stigmatization, no matter it is due to illness or difference in race, social status, occupation, etc., is a huge and complex problem and common in history which cause many conflicts and even wars in the world. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), not only applied to the labeling theory, it suffered the most. People discriminate AIDS more severe than other infectious disease. Stigmatization induces discrimination, which is more painful and stressful than physical discomfort of the illness itself....   [tags: Sociology]

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AIDS Victims Have Been Stigmatized by American Society

- The purpose of this essay is to awaken the sleeping community, house-by-house, room-by-room, and person-by-person to the issues of bigotry, discrimination and racism surrounding this stigmatization; and, to enlist the resources available to our society to help these victims rather than condemn them. The definition of stigma according to an excerpt from The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language is "a mark or token of infamy, disgrace, or reproach." The archaic definition, "a mark burned into the skin of a criminal or slave; a brand" leaves little doubt that a stigma like AIDS is a double-edged sword, a brand of its own....   [tags: Papers]

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Adult Behavior Patterns that Contribute to the Spread of AIDS/HIV

- Introduction It is during the ages of 18 and 24 that time of life that many adults are sexually active but not always in monogamous relationships. It is a time of life when one can easily contract either AIDS or another STD due to behavior. Young adults are working during the day and doing their socializing at night, and this socializing almost always includes substances such as alcohol and drugs to help alter their mood, or judgments. Thus causing the person to become easily overcome with doing “what feels right” and not “what is safe or will protect them.” Behavior is key in controlling AIDS....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Will HIV and AIDS as the Black Death of the Twenty-First Century

- Will HIV and AIDS as the Black Death of the Twenty-First Century According to an article on BBC World Service, published on 25th October, 2001, the Black Death claimed 25 million lives in Europe and Asia between the 13th and 17th century. Now nearly 400 years later the British Medical Journal reports an estimated 65 million deaths from AIDS by the end of the decade. Obviously these figures are rough estimates, however they illustrate the severity of the Bubonic Plague and the impending severity of an AIDS epidemic....   [tags: Papers]

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We Must Make Changes in AIDS Education

- We Must Make Changes in AIDS Education Due to the fervent efforts of health educators, young people today have a very intimate knowledge of HIV and AIDS. These students were born in the early eighties at the beginning of the AIDS epidemic. Teachers guided students through years of health classes in their junior high and high school years and informed students about the destructive nature of the AIDS virus and ways in which it can and cannot be contracted. Health educators made sure that students were well-informed about HIV and presented the topic as being gender neutral....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]

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The new faces of HIV/AIDS: Our Children

- In the Land of Poz The new faces of HIV/AIDS: Our Children The condition known as leprosy was very well known in ancient history. Usually because of the fear associated with the disease and ignorance of the disease most societies were quick to label anyone with leprosy as an outcast. In fact, Jewish religion and law classified anyone who exhibited the symptoms of leprosy as “unclean.” In addition to having an ailment, which could be quite uncomfortable at times, people with leprosy had to suffer the indignities and humiliation associated with being unwanted by society....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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How Aids Has Affected Our Society

- Today more Americans are infected with STD's than at any other time in history. The most serious of these diseases is AIDS. Since the first cases were identified in the United States in 1981, AIDS has touched the lives of millions of American families. This deadly disease is unlike any other in modern history. Changes in social behavior can be directly linked to AIDS. Its overall effect on society has been dramatic. It is unknown whether AIDS and HIV existed and killed in the U.S. and North America before the early 1970s....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Paul Monette's Borrowed Time: An AIDS Memoir

- Paul Monette in his autobiography, “Borrowed Time: An AIDS Memoir” wants to make the younger generation aware of all the mistakes, suffering and deaths his generation went through fighting with AIDS, as he is convinced that it might help the new generation survive. He wrote his life story in 1988, soon after he was diagnosed with HIV and two years after his partner and close friend Roger Horwitz died of AIDS. Disease split his time into the life before and the life now and it will inevitably take his life as a tribute to its devastating power....   [tags: Gay Lesbian Issues Essays]

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The Impact of Globalization on the Spread of HIV/AIDS in South Africa

- Throughout history, the black people of South Africa have been oppressed by the country's apartheid government. In 1994, the apartheid era ended as the new, democratically elected president, Nelson Mandela, was sworn into office. Although the abolition of the apartheid era was an enormous turn-around for South Africa, throughout this transformation, a new underlying situation threatened the endurance of the country; a situation that would prove to be an even "more formidable foe than apartheid" (Kapp, p1202 2004)....   [tags: Outsourcing, Offshoring, Free Trade]

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HIV/AIDS Prevention Among Adolescents in South Africa

- Policy Brief: HIV/AIDS Prevention Among Adolescents in South Africa Heterosexual intercourse among adolescents is the primary method of HIV transmission in South Africa, with the majority of new infections occurring in the 21 – 25 year age group. An HIV-prevention campaign promoting abstinence among young people would seem to be an effective barrier to further infections. However, a policy promoting abstinence approaches the problem only superficially, and would not take into account all of the factors driving adolescents to engage in sexual relations, specifically unprotected sex, in the first place....   [tags: HIV in Africa]

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hGH’s Effects on AIDS Wasting Syndrome

- hGH’s Effects on AIDS Wasting Syndrome "As for the fact that the disease tends to produce death, this is a matter of small significance. Life itself tends to produce death; living is a sort of gradual dying. All that distinguishes what is known is known as a healthy man from what is known as a diseased man is that the latter promises to die sooner – and even this probability is not always borne out by the event." H.L. Mencken What is Human Growth Hormone?. When asked to think about the human growth hormone (hGH) and its uses, many would envision an abnormally short man or woman who needs the hormone in order to grow to an average height....   [tags: Biology Biological Research Papers]

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The AIDS Epidemic in On Tidy Endings by Harvey Fierstein

- "On Tidy Endings," Harvey Fierstein's 1987 drama about the beginning of the "Gay period" (1086) and the AIDS epidemic, focuses on two different lifestyles that are affected by the death of a loved one and the coping that goes along with it. Using a Cultural Studies approach, one can see that one's culture, background, and "value system" (Lynn, 113) play an important role in understanding and accepting the text. To understand and accept the text, one must first place it in history. Over many centuries, many people have accepted themselves and others as being gay or lesbian -- William Shakespeare and Emily Dickinson were believed to be....   [tags: On Tidy Endings Essays]

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Medicine in the Fight against HIV/AIDS and Cancer

- Medicine in the Fight against HIV/AIDS and Cancer Conventional (allopathic) medicine has been the mainstream Western approach to medicine ever since the early twentieth century. Previous to the widespread popularization of the allopathic tradition, other more holistic traditions of medicine were accepted and practiced without bias. The founding of the American Medical Association (AMA) brought with it a swift turnabout for other traditions and placed the monopoly of the industry solely in the hands of allopathic physicians....   [tags: Medical Treatment Chinese Papers]

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Corporate Social Responsibility with HIV / AIDS Drugs

- “Each year, just three diseases kill 5.4 million people worldwide. Malaria kills at least one million, mainly in developing countries, with 90% of the deaths in Africa. Tuberculosis causes 1.9 million deaths a year, almost all of them in developing countries, where resistance to the five major anti-tubercular drugs is spreading. Some 400,000 of the tuberculosis victims are also HIV positive. The yearly death toll for HIV/Aids is almost 2.5 million, with about 1.8 million concentrated in the Sub-Saharan Africa” The Times Higher 20/07/01 Assess the responsibilities of the pharmaceutical companies for providing low cost drugs to the poor people in the developing...   [tags: Social Responsibility Essays]

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- AIDS...Are You Afraid. This week when school starts, September 5th, a new child is enrolling. The school will not give out her name but they will give out more personal things for example, she is HIV infected. I was sad for the girl but i was also happy to hear this, because it will educate the kids at Windam Tech. Another reason is that i would enjoy letting this girl to be finally “let in” for once, and this would also be good for the community. How AIDS entered this world is uncertain ,people have their theories; AIDS came from monkeys, the government nfected people with the virus to control the population, and African Americans brought the virus from Africa....   [tags: essays research papers]

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AIDS/HIV Research

- This study used content analysis to identify dominant AIDS-HIV themes in the manifest news content of AP, Reuters, AFP, ITAR-TASS, and IPS. A systematic random sample of AIDS-HIV stories disseminated by the five wire services between May 1991 and May 1997 (both months included) was obtained. This decade was selected because several empirical studies of coverage in the 1980s have been conducted; however, few studies examine the 1990s. The decision to examine the print news media was driven by the nature of the issue being explored....   [tags: essays research papers]

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AIDS/HIV Research

- AIDS Research All A.I.D.S research should be funded by the government. Today A.I.D.S has become a large concern within society. Sexually active youth are constantly threatened with the chance of getting A.I.D.S.. A.I.D.S is everyone's problem and a cure has to be found. With funding from the government, it will provide the capital necessary for the research to find a cure, to stop the spread of A.I.D.S; eventually bringing down the number of people contracting and spreading the disease. Presently, many people have contracted the A.I.D.S virus, and it has become close to an epidemic....   [tags: essays research papers]

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- Different people define success in many different ways. What is considered success by one person may be viewed as failure by another person. Randy Shilts, a homosexual newspaper reporter / author, attempts to make fundamental changes in America’s opinion on AIDS. In Randy Shilts’s essay, "Talking AIDS to Death," he speaks of his experiences as an "AIDS celebrity." At the core of Shilts’s essay is the statement, "Never before have I succeeded so well; never before have I failed so miserably"(221)....   [tags: essays research papers]

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