Of these, half are women ages 15-49. Over 40% of pregnant women are HIV-positive. The impact of AIDS in South Africa is overwhelming. The disease has orphaned 370,952 children 95,000 children have been infected with AIDS. The adult prevalence rate of HIV is 20%.
Since a lot of children die from AIDS, it has become ranked seventh among the leading cause of death for the United States within the age range of one to fourteen. In the year 1996 the United States had 7,629 cases of AIDS in children who are younger than thirteen and 2,754 cases were reported within the young adult range of thirteen to nineteen. In the same year (1996) it is estimated that 1.3 million children died from AIDS. There are a lot of children being infected with and or dying from AIDS as the year's progress. Startling projections about the year 2000 have been made.
The Center for Disease Control in the United States has estimated that about 40.000 people become infected every year and most of these are young persons under the age of 25. The epidemic of HIV is severely impacting the communities of color, particularly young men and women. Roughly about sixty percent of new infections continue to be among men having a sexual intercourse with another man. The National HIV Prevention Committee suggests that there has been resurgence in unsafe behaviors among some communities of gay men. With all the research and evidence available from various government and non-profit organizations dealing with HIV and AIDS prevention far too many Americans believe that the epidemic is over in the United States.
In 2012 an estimated 2.3 million people were newly infected with HIV, 260,000 were under the age of 15. Every day nearly 6,300 people contract HIV - nearly 262 every hour. In 2012, 1.6 million people died from AIDS, 210,000 of them were under the age of 15. Since the beginning of the epidemic, more than 75 million people have contracted HIV and nearly 36 million have died of HIV-related causes”. This disease is transferred from one person to another by blood, semen & pre-seminal fluid, vaginal secretions, breast milk, hypodermic needles and from mother to unborn child through the placenta.
As the disease progresses it may cause problems with balance and slow down oxygen use in the body (Galantino & Kietrys, n.d.). In 2011, the CDC reported that there were around 49,273 people that were newly diagnosed with HIV and an estimated 32,052 people diagnosed with AIDS in the United States alone. The new diagnoses brought the overall total to around 1,155,792 people in the United States that have the AIDS virus (HIV in the United States, 2013). With over one million people infected by AIDS and over a million more with HIV it leaves a lot of opportunity for therapy options. **
Most of them do not know they carry HIV and may be spreading the virus to others. Here in the U.S., nearly one million people have HIV infection or AIDS, or roughly one out of every 250 people. At least 40,000 Americans become newly infected with HIV each year, and it is estimated that half of all people with HIV in the U.S. have not been tested and do not know they are carrying the virus. Since the beginning of the epidemic, AIDS has killed more than 30 million people worldwide, including more than 500,000 Americans. AIDS has replaced malaria and tuberculosis as the world's deadliest infectious disease among adults and is the fourth leading cause of death worldwide.
These numbers do not include those infected with HIV. Without symptoms of AIDS, nearly 1 million Americans have been infected with HIV through the mid-1990's. An estimated 19 million individuals world-wide have been infected with AIDS since the late 1970's. History Research has lead some to believe that HIV arose in Africa from retroviruses of monkeys. It is said that urbanization and the change in traditional lifestyles brought HIV-1 to the cities.
HIV later becomes AIDS, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. CDC estimated 1,144,500 people, thirteen and older, live with HIV and 180,900 do not know they have HIV (U.S. Statistics). HIV can lead to AIDS. About 636,000, in America, lived with AIDS, in 2011. AIDS may as well be a death sentence.
90% of HIV cases are discovered in developing countries and Uganda has the 7th highest number of HIV cases reported all over the world. This amounts to an estimated 1.4 million people, which includes approximately 190,000 children. In 2011 an estimated 62,000 people died from AIDS and 1.1 million children have been orphaned due to the virus. HIV is more common in women at 5.4 percent, compared to 2.4 percent prevalence rate amongst men. Developing countries such as Uganda have less money to support their basic necessities.
“HIV-2 seen more often in Western Africa, has slower course than HIV-1.” AIDS mostly comes form HIV-1 (“HIV”). HIV can be transmitted from one person to another by sexual activity to transfer of bodily fluids (Houle 8). A mother can also transfer HIV to her child through pregnancy. Scientists predict today that AIDS probably started from some type of chimpanzee. When butchers cut meat, their bodily fluids may be transmitted (“HIV”).