The Scientific Theory Of Scientific Theories Essay

The Scientific Theory Of Scientific Theories Essay

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Are any scientific theories true? If so why? If not why do we rely on them?

A scientific theory is an explanation that is well- substantiated explanation in regards to some aspect of the natural world that is attained through scientific method and is tested numerous times and usually confirmed through vigorous observation and experimentation. The term theory can be seen as a collection of laws which allow you to show some kind of phenomenon. The strength of a scientific theory associated with the diversity of phenomena can explain its elegance and simplicity. However when new evidence is gathered a scientific theory can be changed or even rejected if it does not fit the new findings, in such cases a more accurate theory is formed. Scientific theories are used to gain further knowledge as well as to reach goals. They tend to be highly rigorous and most reliable form of knowledge; many scientific theories are so well-established that they would not be altered significantly even if there is new evidence. The heliocentric theory for example which basically is the theory that the sun is at the centre of our solar system and the planets orbit the sun and no new evidence will change this because it is something that has been observed by many. In this instance it can be seen that scientific theories are true. The usefulness of scientific theories is that they allow us to make predictions about things that have not yet been observed. In this essay I will be looking at two main arguments which are the no coincidence argument and the pessimistic induction argument which will discuss if scientific theories are true and if they are not true then why we rely on them so much.
“When it is claimed that science is special because it is based on...

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...roplane. Therefore, there is a lot of work in support of scientific theories being true. Hillary Putnam’s philosophy in understanding whether scientific theories are true as Putnam argues that scientific theories are true as they have been successful in the past. However, Larry Laudan has the argument that we have no reason for believing in things that we cannot see because theories have been proven wrong in the past therefore there is nothing to say that the theories of today may also turn out to be false. Both of these views are quite persuasive for e.g. If science does not give an explanation of how computers work then the use of computers would be seen as a miracle. We would be naïve to say that science has gained a full understanding of the world and it would be correct to say that the progress of science is through the abandonment of previous theories.

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