Are any scientific theories true? If so why? If not why do we rely on them?
A scientific theory is an explanation that is well- substantiated explanation in regards to some aspect of the natural world that is attained through scientific method and is tested numerous times and usually confirmed through vigorous observation and experimentation. The term theory can be seen as a collection of laws which allow you to show some kind of phenomenon. The strength of a scientific theory associated with the diversity of phenomena can explain its elegance and simplicity. However when new evidence is gathered a scientific theory can be changed or even rejected if it does not fit the new findings, in such cases a more accurate theory is formed. Scientific theories are used to gain further knowledge as well as to reach goals. They tend to be highly rigorous and most reliable form of knowledge; many scientific theories are so well-established that they would not be altered significantly even if there is new evidence. The heliocentric theory for example which basically is the theory that the sun is at the centre of our solar system and the planets orbit the sun and no new evidence will change this because it is something that has been observed by many. In this instance it can be seen that scientific theories are true. The usefulness of scientific theories is that they allow us to make predictions about things that have not yet been observed. In this essay I will be looking at two main arguments which are the no coincidence argument and the pessimistic induction argument which will discuss if scientific theories are true and if they are not true then why we rely on them so much.
“When it is claimed that science is special because it is based on...
... middle of paper ...
...roplane. Therefore, there is a lot of work in support of scientific theories being true. Hillary Putnam’s philosophy in understanding whether scientific theories are true as Putnam argues that scientific theories are true as they have been successful in the past. However, Larry Laudan has the argument that we have no reason for believing in things that we cannot see because theories have been proven wrong in the past therefore there is nothing to say that the theories of today may also turn out to be false. Both of these views are quite persuasive for e.g. If science does not give an explanation of how computers work then the use of computers would be seen as a miracle. We would be naïve to say that science has gained a full understanding of the world and it would be correct to say that the progress of science is through the abandonment of previous theories.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Theory of Scientific Theories Sir Popper's piece, "Science: Conjectures and Refutations," reaffirms the scientific methods currently in use. No scientific theory is ratified without serious consideration and careful observation. Science is the pursuit of what can be proven false and the resulting assumptions of what must be true. The problem that plagues Sir Popper is the clear definition of science and pseudoscience. Though the empirical method is common to both, the level of inferential data varies greatly.... [tags: Science: Conjectures and Refuations Essays]
863 words (2.5 pages)
- Management is commonly used in all organisation across the globe. It is very crucial and the best approach which is required to complete the work. Management consists of three objectives, one which includes reaching goals without having to pay too much expense with minimal amount of wastage produced (Olum, 2016). There are several evidence that suggests people during the pre-historic times followed simple principles of management (Pindur, 1995). Management has developed over the years and in order to maintain a stable organisation, different approaches are used and as the time goes by the theories in regards to management gets modified hence creates modern management theory.... [tags: Management, Theory, Scientific method, Theories]
984 words (2.8 pages)
- 1. (15 points) Discuss theoretical thinking in health promotion. a. Why is it important that we theorize about health promotion. (3) i. Theorizing about health promotion is important because it can be to reflect on the past, creating effective interventions for the present, and providing a roadmap for the future (Goodson, 2010, chapter 2). The Tuskegee Study in the Goodson textbook is a good example of reflecting and theorizing about health promotion in the past. A possible theory for Tuskegee incident was that in the past, medical practitioners were trained to treat the disease that causes pain and illness to the body vessel.... [tags: Theory, Scientific method, Science, Theories]
956 words (2.7 pages)
- Scientific theory M1 According to the oxford dictionary ‘’2008’’ scientific theory is ‘’ a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world that is acquired through the scientific method and repeatedly tested and confirmed through observation and experimentation’’. In this essay I will be looking at three different types of theories. I will be looking at theories that science is still addressing, theories that science cannot answer yet and theories that science will never answer.... [tags: Theory, Scientific method, Ignaz Semmelweis]
1821 words (5.2 pages)
- Leslie Stevenson and David L. Haberman’s Ten Theories of Human Nature provides an insightful introduction to important philosophical, religious and scientific theories, or ideologies, and their depiction of human nature. The book is meant to provide the reader with a guidance for how we should live, based on ten different theories. The book consisted of ten chapters, each examining a particular theory, presented in a chronological order. Throughout each chapter, historical context was first provided to the reader, followed by a definition of essential terms, a diagnosis of the ways the theory depicts human nature, then a prescription for how one ought to live, and ending with later dev... [tags: Theory, Scientific method, Evolution]
1304 words (3.7 pages)
- Destinee Starcher Professor Rachel Stein Sociology 324 02/12/15 Traditional positivist theories advocate determinism, or the belief that factors outside of an individual’s control are to blame for criminality. The positivist’s theories were also the first school of thought to use the scientific method in research. Early, traditional positivist’s theories included only biological explanations of crime, such as Lombroso’s concept of atavism. However because positivists theories are based on the concept of determinism, Merton’s strain theory is also classified in this category.... [tags: Sociology, Scientific method, Feminism, Theory]
1027 words (2.9 pages)
- troduction Demarcation is a dividing line or a boundary that marks a limit to a subject like science. In 1919, Karl R. Popper, an influential philosopher, wanted to distinguish between real science and pseudoscience. He wanted to address the problem of demarcations, or the problem of distinguishing scientific theories like empirical theories from non-scientific theories. The problem that Popper tried to solve was neither a problem of meaningfulness nor a problem of truth or acceptability.... [tags: Scientific method, Science, Falsifiability]
927 words (2.6 pages)
- Theories in Social Work Theories can help explain why a problem is occurring and where the most effective intervention should take place. Theories can be obtained from research and from facts. According to Michael Tropeano “a theory is a statement backed by evidence gathered through the scientific method intended to explain something. Theoretical approaches for social work are often used to explain human behavior and serve as starting points for practice models and treatments.” Out of all the problems that Janice faces three of them stick out the most to me that I think would cause her to seek the services of a social worker.... [tags: Sociology, Social work, Theory, Scientific method]
968 words (2.8 pages)
- The following essay will discuss falsification, as discussed by Karl Popper, as well has his account of the scientific method. The idea whether any scientific theory can truly be falsified will also be approached by looking at the problems presented by Popper’s theory of falsification, and the impact this has on the scientific method and science as a whole. Popper believes that science does not begin with the collection of empirical data, but starts with the formulation of a hypothesis (Veronesi, 2014, p1).... [tags: Scientific method, Falsifiability, Theory]
1598 words (4.6 pages)
- Between the 16th and 17th century, an era commonly known as the Scientific Revolution was born. This paved the way for the advancement of pre-historic knowledge throughout the years in Chemistry, Physics, Biology, and the like. On the other hand, in the 1950’s a revolution broke out which contributed in progresses in human sciences. Due to these improvements, the human race began to value scientific theories. Before proceeding, the terminologies need to be defined. Theory is defined as a presentation of an idea which is acceptable and can be used in describing, predicting or explaining within a specific area of knowledge.... [tags: Scientific Research ]
1196 words (3.4 pages)