Schizophrenia is a common form of chronic psychosis which is a thought related disorder that leads disorganized thoughts, unusual behaviour, abnormal speech and altered emotion. The prevalence of schizophrenia is approximately 1% and it is one of the most misunderstanding mental disorders in the society. Due to the circumstance of mental illness in the society, New Zealand government legislated The Mental Health (Compulsory Assessment & Treatment) Act in 1992 (MHA(CAT), 1992) which is an Act that reform and consolidate the legislation that related to the assessment and treatment of mental disorder. Therefore, it is crucial to understand the neuroscience and psychopathology of schizophrenia and the treatments like medication of Schizophrenia. Also, the essay will discuss the right of client that is under MHA(CAT), 1992 and how the two principles of ethical conduct and ethical dilemma apply in nursing health practice with the case of Jo who is under section 11 of MHA(CAT), 1992 with the diagnosis of schizophrenia.
Learning outcome 5
The neuroscience and psychopathology of schizophrenia.
Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder which is viewed as an illness of neurological functioning than disorder of mind. Schizophrenia symptoms are categorized into three which are positive symptoms, negative symptoms and cognitive symptoms. Positive symptoms include visual, auditory, tactile, olfactory and gustatory hallucination, different types of delusion like delusion of reference, delusions of grandeur, etc. and paranoid. The most outstanding feature of negative symptoms are the reduction of emotional and behavioural states like emotional flattening, anhedonia, avolition and withdrawal from social interaction. As for the cognitive ...
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...ment. Although Jo is under section 11, the MHA(CAT), 1992 addressed that he has 12 rights under the Act. He has the right to treatment, however, he does not have the right to refuse the treatment because he is under the MHA(CAT), 1992. The health profession should provide the information of treatment of Jo because he has the general right to information and to be informed about treatment and he also can ask for visual impairment or audio recording for the treatment. During the treatment, he can be company with his family or friends and remain his social actives like receiving visitors, making telephone calls, receiving and sending letters and postal articles. Furthermore, the health professions should respect his cultural identity, etc. and understand that he has the right to get independent psychiatrist and legal advice and complaint if there is a breach of rights.
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