Sanfoin's Future in Wyoming

Sanfoin's Future in Wyoming

Length: 908 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Sanfoin's Future in Wyoming

Sainfoin, Onobrychis viciifolia is a perennial forage legume that is native to Mediterranean regions around the Black and Caspain Seas and north into Russia. Sainfoin leaves are oddly pinnate with 13-21 leaflets per leaf and produce an erect flower pink to rose in color. Sainfoin has been introduced into many other countries including Iran, Turkey, Greece, Yugoslavia, Italy, Bulgaria, Spain, Switzerland, Germany, Soviet Union, Poland, Norway and the United Kingdom. It is known that sainfoin has been grown in Europe for the past 450 years. New varieties of sainfoin such as ‘Eski’, ‘Remont’, ‘Renumex’, ‘Melrose’, and ‘Nova’ have been developed and introduced into the United States and Canada starting in the 1950s. (Gray, 2004, p. 2)

Sainfoin is a non-bloating legume that has nitrogen fixation capabilities and can be used in a forage mixture. Sainfoin also is extremely palatable and nutritious for all classes of livestock and wildlife. Livestock actually prefer sainfoin even when other plants species are readily available. Other uses include wildlife habitat restoration, wildlife food plots or as a legume component in the conservation reserve program (CRP). Sainfoin is often compared to alfalfa based on its nitrogen fixation, forage capabilities, and nutritional value. The main advantages of sainfoin are the earlier maturation rate, non-bloating qualities, resistance to the alfalfa weevil and higher digestible nutrients when compared to alfalfa. Another important advantage over alfalfa is that sainfoin is resistant to the root rot phase. The earlier maturation allows for earlier spring forage for grazing and hay cutting which is beneficial to livestock operations (Gray, 2004, p. 2).

Sainfoin is primarily used as a hay or pasture crop and has many characteristics beneficial to farming and ranching operations in the western states such as Wyoming, North and South Dakota, Montana and New Mexico where annual precipitation in generally low. Sainfoin is very drought resistant and does better in cold soils than alfalfa (Stannard, M). It is also shown that sainfoin thrives in soils with a pH 7.0 to 8.0 that are too dry for clover and alfalfa. Sainfoin is longer lived in dryland applications opposed to irrigated land but generally needs re-seeding every five to six years. Another interesting positive side-affect about sainfoin is the relationship it shares with honey and leaf cutting bees. The large pink flower attracts these insects and on top of producing large amounts of high quality honey, the sainfoin showed increased seed production when the bees were present.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Sanfoin's Future in Wyoming." 16 Feb 2020

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about History and Future of Wyoming’s Droughts

- History and Future of Wyoming’s Droughts The Great Basin of North America and Wyoming specifically, is known for its arid and semi-arid environment, as well as prolonged and sometimes severe droughts. Drought is the prolonged and abnormal deficiency of moisture with the concomitant decline in runoff to a level significantly lower than usual (Guldin 1989). The history of droughts in Wyoming has been uncertain in the past, but recent studies of tree rings in the Big Horn Basin of Wyoming have given insight to droughts as far back as 1260A.D....   [tags: Wyoming Weather Drought Essays Papers]

Research Papers
990 words (2.8 pages)

The Future Of The Carmelite Monks Of Wyoming And Their Monastery Essay

- This case discusses the future of the Carmelite Monks of Wyoming and their monastery, the strategic approach they must take in regards to their coffee business, and the vision to purchase additional pieces of land. The study illustrates how and to what magnitude the Monks can rely on their coffee enterprise, Mystic Monk Coffee (MMC), to contribute as a financial resource towards the success of purchasing new land; an $8.9 million ranch in the Rockies. MMC must create improvements and efficiencies to enhance their overall performance levels....   [tags: Coffee, Coffea arabica, Coffea, Caffeine]

Research Papers
1473 words (4.2 pages)

The Effects of Wyoming’s Aging Population Essay

- The Effects of Wyoming’s Aging Population With new medical technology and improved knowledge about health and wellness, American’s life expectancy is longer than ever, with a better expected quality of life as well. Wyoming is the fastest aging state in the country according to the Billing’s Gazette. In addition to an already aging state, Wyoming has been named by national publications as a top place of retirement due to its tax structure and climate. In an article from the Wyoming Tribune-Eagle, it is predicted that by the year 2020 Wyoming will have the highest percentage of residents over the age of 65....   [tags: Economics Age Economy Wyoming Essays ]

Research Papers
1212 words (3.5 pages)

Wyoming Population Boom Essay

- Wyoming Population Boom The population of a state is a seemingly simple number but one that has many complex and interesting implications. It can affect the economic, social and environmental success either short term or long term. In July 2006, Wyoming’s total resident population reached a record level of 515,004. This number may seem small when looking at the population of an entire state in comparison to other states, but for Wyoming, it really is the record number in the history of this state....   [tags: Statistics Population State Wyoming Essays]

Free Essays
1271 words (3.6 pages)

Essay about Water Sources and Uses in Wyoming

- Water Sources and Uses in Wyoming With today’s drought situations, it is more important than ever to be aware of the water sources in Wyoming as well as the various uses of the water and the amount of usable water that is available compared to the amount that must be used. This paper will not only inform about those uses and numbers, but also the highly debated HB 19 bill and the four major river basins in the western part of the country that supply Wyoming with it’s water. We will be talking about where and how Wyoming gets most of its surface water every year....   [tags: Ecology Environment Essays Papers]

Research Papers
1123 words (3.2 pages)

Wyoming-Colorado Border Wars Essay

- Wyoming-Colorado Border Wars Deep in the heart of the American West lie two of the largest, most rugged, beautiful states in the nation, both of which have long been engaged in a heated rivalry. North and South from one another, Wyoming and Colorado have been at a border war since before either even gained statehood. With 97,195 square miles, Wyoming is the 10th largest of all 50 states. While the state is vast in land, it is scarce in population. As of 2005, a mere 509,294 residents inhabit “The Cowboy State” making it the least populated state in the nation (Wyoming facts, demography)....   [tags: USA Geography History Essays Papers]

Research Papers
1124 words (3.2 pages)

The Reality Of The Future Essay

- The Reality of the Future: Probabilistic Potentialities How can time be unreal if humans can both perceive and conceive of it. Does time exist outside of human minds at all. If time is singularly linear, that is, there is only one future, what’s the purpose of any human action. Contemplating the nature of the future often leads to ostensible paradoxes. To Aristotle, the future only existed potentially, not actually, because it was impossible to determine true and false statements about the future....   [tags: Time, Future, Present, Past]

Research Papers
1222 words (3.5 pages)

The Future Of Work Essay example

- THE FUTURE OF WORK In Today’s world, the composition and how work is done has massively changed and is still continuing to change. Work is now more complex, more team base, depends greatly on technological and social skills and lastly more mobile and does not depend on geography. Companies are also opting for ways to help their employees perform their duties effectively so that huge profits are realized in the long term .The changes in the workplaces include Reduction in the structure of the hierarchy ,breakdown in the organization boundaries , improved and better management tactics and perspectives and lastly better workplace condition and health to the employees....   [tags: Employment, Technology, Change, Future]

Research Papers
932 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on Whiteout in Wyoming

- Whiteout in Wyoming This article is a comical recollection of a young college student’s trip to Jackson Hole, Wyoming entitled “Whiteout in Wyoming”. He uses a journal entry structure and rhetorical appeals to enable his audience to clearly perceive his perception that Wyoming is white. Through his whole vacation there is snow everywhere, and he only encounters one minority, who I kind of got the feeling that the author didn’t consider him a “real” minority, or a minor enough minority. It is written by a student from the University of California at Berkeley named Kevin Deenihan, who recently took a vacation to his home in Jackson Hole with his family....   [tags: Rhetorical Analysis Kevin Deenihan Essays]

Free Essays
629 words (1.8 pages)

Wyoming Essay

- Wyoming Wyoming is the ninth largest state. It measures 97,914 square miles. It was admitted to the union on July 10, 1890. It is the 44th state. The capital is Cheyenne. The highest point is at Gannett Peak which is at 13,804 feet above sea level. The lowest point is at Belle Fourche River. It measures at 3,100 feet above sea level. The average rainfall is 14.5 inches. The population according to the 1990 cencus is 453,588. Wyoming is also know as Big Wyoming, the Equalty State, and the Cowboy State....   [tags: Free Essays]

Free Essays
400 words (1.1 pages)

There are some disadvantages to sainfoin that include its vulnerability to Verticillium wilt and is susceptible to seedling blight. ‘Apron’® seed treatment was shown to protect against seedling blight in greenhouse studies (Gray, 2004, p. 2). The occurance of Verticillium wilt at high mountain elevations in Wyoming, has created a problem and needs to be researched to see if they occur in sainfoin fields (Gray, v.66). There is also one insect that has been found to be detrimental to seed production in the sainfoin bruchid (Cooper,p. 68). A major hurdle was cleared when the ‘Shoshone’ variety was developed in a variety trial by the University of Wyoming. This variety was created after the trial saw a stand reduction of 91.5%. The stand had been affected by the northern root-knot nematode that had caused severe root destruction. Studies done at the University of Wyoming showed that the Shoshone variety expressed tolerance to the nematode after greenhouse tests (Gray, 2004, p. 3).

Shoshone was then studied in Wyoming and Montana for forage production. The Shoshone variety had the second highest 4-year forage yield out of 16 legumes including alfalfa, birdsfoot trefoil, and cicer milkvetch (Gray, 2006).

So the question still remains if sainfoin really does have a future in Wyoming. With the current release of the ‘Shoshone’ variety, things are looking up for more wide spread use in the state. The Great Basin Seed Company prices for sainfoin seed this spring is at $2.75 per pound while alfalfa seed runs $2.95 which brings another advantage to sainfoin production when compared to alfalfa. With the recent drought conditions that have engulfed most of the state, the more drought tolerant sainfoin would be a smart choice. Sainfoin also has a longer life when in non-irragated environments. There is also no real draw-back to changing from alfalfa to sainfoin. With virtually equal nutrient values and equal to arguably more positive aspects. One major aspect important to ranchers is the non-bloating aspect of sainfoin. Being able to openly graze a sainfoin field for pasture cycling and emergency situations would be a major advantage.

After researching the history, development and current field experiments involving sainfoin, it is safe to say there is a very high possibility of sainfoin becoming the next big thing to mountain region farmers and ranchers. The successful practices in Montana prove that the system would work in many areas of Wyoming. The key now is to educate farmers and ranchers and encourage them to experiment and eventually incorporate sainfoin into their own practices.

Works Cited:

Cooper, C.S. “Current and Potential Insect Problems of Sainfoin in America.” Sainfoin Symporium. Montana State University. Dec, 1968.

Gray, F.A. ‘Shoshone’ Sainfoin. Plant Sciences Timely Information Series. University of Wyoming Department of Plant Science. July 2006. No. 2.

Gray, F.A. Verticillium Wilt of Alfalfa in Wyoming. 1982. Plant Disease 66:1080.

Stannard, M. Plant fact sheet: Sainfoin. Retrieved April 2, 2007 from USDA web site:

Wyoming Agriculture Experiment Station. (March 2004). Release Notice of ‘Shoinone’ Sainfoin. Laramie, Wyoming.
Return to