Restorative Justice Policy Toward Punishing Offenders Essay

Restorative Justice Policy Toward Punishing Offenders Essay

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According to Champion the 3 factors that indicate changing criminal justice policy toward punishing offenders are: (1) decrease in crime, (2) changing public attitudes, and (3) fiscal pressures (2007). Due to these changes restorative or reparative justice has become more popular, particularly in case of property crimes. Restorative justice can be defined as, “A philosophical framework and a series of programs for the criminal justice system that emphasize the need to repair the harm done to crime victims through a process of negotiation, mediation, victim empowerment, and reparation (West’s Encyclopedia of American Law, 2008). This thread will provide a synopsis of the 3 factors mentioned and if or how this impacts the victim’s voice.
Decrease in Crime: At the time Champion wrote “Crime Prevention in America” this factor was true; however this has changed. For example:
• The murder rate in New York City has spiked an alarming 20% in the first two months of the year.
• In San Francisco the rate of larceny and thefts per 100,000 inhabitants jumped 27%. Burglary rates rose 10%, and the rate of motor vehicle thefts was up 8%.
• Data collected by the Bureau of Justice Statistics in telephone surveys showed a 22 percent increase in assaults, pushing up the overall rate for violent crime for the first time since 1993.
• Human trafficking is the fastest growing criminal enterprise in the world, despite the 134 laws to encourage prevention throughout various countries (McDonald, 2014, para. 8.).
Changing Public Attitudes: According to Public Opinions Strategies (2012), public opinion “Voters overwhelmingly support a variety of policy changes that shift offenders from prison to more effective, less expensive alternatives includin...

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...lex in the world. All one needs to do is view “Locked up Abroad” on the Nat Geo channel to come this determination. In America the Constitution guarantees a fair trial, not a license to avoid justice. Christians are no longer under the Mosaic Law, but this does not mean there are no longer temporal punishments delivered by the government. God is ultimately forgiving, however His laws are clear concerning capital crimes (Genesis 9:5, 6; Exodus 21:15; Numbers 35:31; Deuteronomy 17:6, 22:25). It has been said that “Forgiveness is greater than vengeance and compassion is more powerful than anger” (Young, 1995); however, we can forgive the person but the offender must be held accountable for their crime(s). Forgiveness is powerful and forgiveness can be applied, but this does not mean that the criminal act is to be expunged, justice should be rightfully dispatched.

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