Restorative Justice Policy Toward Punishing Offenders Essay

Restorative Justice Policy Toward Punishing Offenders Essay

Length: 829 words (2.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

According to Champion the 3 factors that indicate changing criminal justice policy toward punishing offenders are: (1) decrease in crime, (2) changing public attitudes, and (3) fiscal pressures (2007). Due to these changes restorative or reparative justice has become more popular, particularly in case of property crimes. Restorative justice can be defined as, “A philosophical framework and a series of programs for the criminal justice system that emphasize the need to repair the harm done to crime victims through a process of negotiation, mediation, victim empowerment, and reparation (West’s Encyclopedia of American Law, 2008). This thread will provide a synopsis of the 3 factors mentioned and if or how this impacts the victim’s voice.
Decrease in Crime: At the time Champion wrote “Crime Prevention in America” this factor was true; however this has changed. For example:
• The murder rate in New York City has spiked an alarming 20% in the first two months of the year.
• In San Francisco the rate of larceny and thefts per 100,000 inhabitants jumped 27%. Burglary rates rose 10%, and the rate of motor vehicle thefts was up 8%.
• Data collected by the Bureau of Justice Statistics in telephone surveys showed a 22 percent increase in assaults, pushing up the overall rate for violent crime for the first time since 1993.
• Human trafficking is the fastest growing criminal enterprise in the world, despite the 134 laws to encourage prevention throughout various countries (McDonald, 2014, para. 8.).
Changing Public Attitudes: According to Public Opinions Strategies (2012), public opinion “Voters overwhelmingly support a variety of policy changes that shift offenders from prison to more effective, less expensive alternatives includin...


... middle of paper ...


...lex in the world. All one needs to do is view “Locked up Abroad” on the Nat Geo channel to come this determination. In America the Constitution guarantees a fair trial, not a license to avoid justice. Christians are no longer under the Mosaic Law, but this does not mean there are no longer temporal punishments delivered by the government. God is ultimately forgiving, however His laws are clear concerning capital crimes (Genesis 9:5, 6; Exodus 21:15; Numbers 35:31; Deuteronomy 17:6, 22:25). It has been said that “Forgiveness is greater than vengeance and compassion is more powerful than anger” (Young, 1995); however, we can forgive the person but the offender must be held accountable for their crime(s). Forgiveness is powerful and forgiveness can be applied, but this does not mean that the criminal act is to be expunged, justice should be rightfully dispatched.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Hypocrisy Of The American Justice System Essay

- Colin Flynn Professor Anderson Social Justice 12/4 The Hypocrisy of The American Justice System America is home to the land of opportunity. Millions of immigrants come to the United States each year in pursuit of the American dream. Little do some know they are entering a more strict society compared to the one they left. The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the word, with 716 per 100,000 people getting put behind bars (Wikipedia). How is a country that lives by the words of freedom, and integrity, have higher incarceration rates than the rest of the world....   [tags: Crime, Violent crime, Criminal justice]

Better Essays
1037 words (3 pages)

Essay on The New York Governor 's Commission On Criminal Offenders

- In 1966, the New York Governor’s Commission on Criminal Offenders, tasked Robert Martinson and two others with figuring out what needed to be done to enable prisons to rehabilitate prisoners. After analyzing 231 studies, from a variety of sources, Martinson compiled his findings in a brief titled “What Works—Questions and Answers About Prison Reform,” also known as, the “Nothing Works Doctrine.” The essay would be used to transform incarceration policies into what we are seen today. Prior to Martinson’s publication, previous philosophies of incarceration centered around rehabilitation and restoration....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Crime, Penology]

Better Essays
732 words (2.1 pages)

Technology And How Criminal Justice Is Organized And Put Into Practice Essay examples

- Technology dramatically affects how criminal justice is organized and put into practice. Beginning in the 20th century, there were three innovations that became commonplace for police: the telephone, two-way radio, and automobile (Byrne & Marx, 2011, p. 18). It made communication more efficient, emergency response faster, and it made even smaller police forces effective against crime. This call for efficiency continues to be relevant. In 2010, the LAPD’s had begun development of predictive programs due to the shortage of police officers and its aspirations to revolutionize the police force....   [tags: Crime, Police, Criminal justice, DNA]

Better Essays
1495 words (4.3 pages)

Essay about The Criminal Justice Is The Incarceration Of Juveniles

- An ethical problem that exists in the field of criminal justice is the incarceration of juveniles. While juvenile incarceration has been decreasing over the past decade, it is still an ethical dilemma that many criminal justice professionals will come across. Juveniles’ brains are not fully developed, incarceration is used when not appropriate to fit the problem, and some populations are over-represented in the criminal justice system. Juvenile Brains It has been found that juvenile brains are not yet fully developed....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Youth detention center, Ethics]

Better Essays
1099 words (3.1 pages)

Criminal Justice vs. Community Justice Essay

- Criminal Justice vs. Community Justice Crime is defined as an act or omission that the law makes punishable. There are different ways in dealing with crime. One, our current system, is the criminal justice approach. Also known as retributive justice, this system is more offender directed than anything else. The other system, which many people think is better, is the community justice, or restorative approach. The restorative approach is much more victim oriented. There is a debate over which system should be used to deal with crime....   [tags: Crime Papers]

Better Essays
1399 words (4 pages)

“Does the Criminal Justice System have a gendered response towards Filicide when it comes to punishing the offender?”

- This essay will critically consider the differences between acts of male and female filicide and the difference in the response of the Criminal Justice System towards each gender. Filicide is the heinous act of killings one’s son or daughter and there are several different types of filicide as classified by Ania Wilczynski (1997) through analysing the motives within each case. These categories included; retaliation killings such as those motivated by jealousy of victim or rejection of the offender by the victim, altruistic killings or killings due the fact the child was unwanted, psychosis within the parent, killings secondary to sexual abuse or death caused to victim due to acts of discipl...   [tags: criminal justice system, child killing]

Better Essays
2741 words (7.8 pages)

Essay about State and Federal objectives of punishment

- For centuries governments have acted on behalf of society removing and punishing criminals with the goal of protecting its citizens. Criminals were arrested and locked-up in jails awaiting their sentencing. Once sentenced, they were publically humiliated, tortured, or killed. Early forms punishments were cruel and mostly focused on retribution. State and Federal objectives of punishment Today punishment is the most dominant correctional goal of both the state and federal government in response to criminality....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

Better Essays
1096 words (3.1 pages)

The Right Of Punishing And Of Pardoning Essay

- In the selection “The Right of Punishing and of Pardoning: The Right of Punishing” from Immanuel Kant’s The Science of Right (1790), Kant explains his retributivist position on punishment, particularly why punishment is administered and to what degree. Contrary to the utilitarian view on punishment, which maintains that the role of punishment is to promote the “amount of happiness in the world,” this view holds that punishment is ultimately meant to uphold justice. Justice, Kant explains, is rooted in the “principle of equality.” On the basis of this principle, he raises a rather controversial claim: that “the right of retaliation (jus talionis)… can definitely assign both the qualit...   [tags: Capital punishment, Murder, Retributive justice]

Better Essays
880 words (2.5 pages)

Restorative Justice and Young Offenders in Canadia Essay

- Voltaire once said, “Fear follows crime and is its punishment.” (Voltaire). Respectively, the concept to use opportunities that attempt to restore moral justice in Canadian youth punishment is indispensable. The Youth Criminal Justice Act enacted on April 1st, 2003 recognizes in the preamble that incarceration should only be exercised as a last resort sentence for violent youth ages twelve to seventeen, (Youth Criminal Justice Act (S.C. 2002, c. 1), 2002; Barron, 2009; Tustin & Lutes, 2011; Olivo, 2012, pp....   [tags: The Youth Criminal Justice Act]

Better Essays
2340 words (6.7 pages)

Essay about Felony Offenders Can Be Rehabilitation

- The rehabilitation of violent offenders is very rare but is possible to the offenders that actually want to be rehabilitated. Contrary to the public opinion, people convicted of felony offenses can be rehabilitated, but they must determine their future path for themselves and not rely on the prison system to do all the work for them. Rehabilitation is a process and a department that should take the lead (Africa News Service 1 of 3 pages). Also, People do not think that offenders will return to their criminal ways again, while after parole and the committee will observe all relevant aspects (Africa News Service 2 of 3)....   [tags: violent offenders, felonies, offenses]

Better Essays
1011 words (2.9 pages)