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...saying that all things exist in God’s mind, then God’s mind allows for evil to happen in this world. Berkeley said that if God is responsible for evil in Berkeley’s Idealist view, then God is also responsible for evil from a Dualistic view. He makes a claim that the argument for God being responsible for evil is tu quoque, that is, if it is a problem for me, then it is also a problem for you. Berkeley’s argument is a red herring and does not refute the original worry that God is responsible for evil. This tactic is a misdirection from the original worry that God is responsible for evil and does not explain anything at all. It arguably makes Berkeley’s argument weaker through its non-explanation.
In conclusion, I have explained Descartes’ and Berkeley’s views on what we can epistemically know, the metaphysical nature of reality, God, and how they are connected.
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