Essay on Religion Is A Complex Term And Multifaceted Phenomenon

Essay on Religion Is A Complex Term And Multifaceted Phenomenon

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Religion is a complex term and multifaceted phenomenon. Thus, definitions of religion vary based on our discipline or how we approach it. In this sense, there is a wide-range of definitions in various disciplines and some of them are broad and comprehensive, some of them are narrow and exclusionary. Hence, each definition can be seen as a way of understanding or seeing the multidimensional meaning and practice of religion. For example, I will fist give three basic dimensions of religion are interconnected to each other. The typical dictionary definition of religion refers to a set of beliefs, symbols, and practices (for example, rituals) which is based on the idea of the sacred and which unites believers into a socio-religious community (Scott 2014: 641). Additionally, religion involves a meaning system with an interrelated set of beliefs, rituals, symbols, values, moods, and motivations (Geertz 1973). Religion is also a structural system with established status, organizational patters, and even bureaucratic dilemmas. Finally, religion is composed of a belonging system, with friendship networks, group boundaries, and informal norms that may be quite independent of the formal structure or official meaning systems (Roberts and Yamane 2015). Here, the task of the sociology of religion is not to judge the truth or false of any religion or belief but it is a sociological attempt to understand and explain the social reality of religion. Thus, many works of the sociology of religion define religion in two ways: substantive and functional, in some cases: symbolic (Davie 2013). Now I will look at these basic features of substantive, functional, and symbolic definitions of religion on the following paragraphs.
Substantive definition tries t...


... middle of paper ...


...retive frameworks. Ultimately, it looks at the how do religion influence humans and how do people make sense of the world through religion.
Here, the sociology of religion uses the two fundamental methods of social scientific study of religion that characterized by methodical empiricism and objectivity. Methodical empiricism is the philosophic doctrine that all knowledge is derived from sense of scientific experience (quantitative analyses and rational logical inferences). Objectivity means sociologists avoid from his beliefs, values, and bias when he investigates or interprets a study. However, Weber argues that “there is no absolutely objective scientific analysis of… social phenomena independent of special and one-sided viewpoints according to which expressly or tacitly, consciously or unconsciously they are selected, analyzed and organized for expository purposes

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