The crusades were wars fought in the name of God or holy wars. The first of the crusades began in 1095 when Pope Urban the second received an appeal for help from Alexius the first, the Byzantine Emperor. Alexius wanted Urbans’ help against the Turks, “a race alienated from God”. It was seen as ones Christian duty to fight against these infidels. The church offered material advantages to those who chose to join the Crusades, to save Christian shrines and lands from Muslims. It was also preached, by renowned clergymen that men who joined would have more favor with God. St. Bernard said about the crusades “Rejoice…if you live and conquer in the Lord, but exalt and glory even more if you die and join the Lord” (H.G. Koenigsberger 187). The crusades brought many benefits; food, textiles and also the spread of Islamic science and art, which would greatly benefit Europe who, was somewhat behind.
The quest for knowledge was rejuvenated with the growth of cathedral schools. However church schools could only teach so much. Universities grew due to the formation of guilds of teachers and pupils and also because of finance from the church and the wealthy. The University of Paris was the largest of its time specializing in liberal arts. These schools sparked a return to philosophy. Scholastism was the philosophy of the church, where the church and its teachings were the ultimate authority. However philosophical disputes soon arose, this was ...
... middle of paper ...
...and then led to spoken drama or plays. Medieval dance was also a form of worship but this changed to entertainment during the high Middle Ages.
Religion effected all aspects of medieval life, religion made people grow and develop, helping fill the void left by the fall of the Roman Empire. The barbaric, culture less life that was left after the decline of the Roman Empire was reinvented by those seeking God and salvation. By one thousand AD virtually all of Europe was converted to Christianity, even the most reluctant, the Vikings had converted. The Middle ages was the age of Faith.
The Church was more powerful than kings or nobles.
It made kings by officiating at their coronation and unmade kings by excommunicating them.
The Church had its own government, laws, courts, and system of taxation.
It provided education through its schools, monasteries, and convents.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Introduction Passion: what does it mean. According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, passion is defined as: “a strong and barely controllable emotion”. Humankind has expressed passion in multitudes of ways for as long as humans have possessed communication skills. Through art, science, literature, music and even politics humans have showcased passion. Passion can be either supportive or oppositional. Music has been the greatest medium for humans to express passion, due to the great range of emotions that can be realized through song.... [tags: Music]
1974 words (5.6 pages)
- Baroque refers to an irregularly shaped complex pearl. Baroque period was characterized by artistic style, which embraced architectural designs, paintings as well as sculpture. The period is dated back from around 1600 in Rome from where it spread to most of Europe in the early 17th to mid 18th century. Additionally, this artistic period involved discovery of new ideas that reflected the desire of the Catholic Church in Rome to reassert itself in the wake of Protestant Reformation. Classicism can be defined as a stylistic art in literature, music and visual art that takes the art of perfection of the ancient Greece and Rome from the Middle Ages of the 18th century and seeks to be recognized... [tags: Rome, Baroque, Protestant Reformation]
1696 words (4.8 pages)
- The Renaissance was a period of European history that began in 14th-century Italy and spread to the rest of Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries. In this period, the feudal society of the Middle Ages (5th century to 15th century) was transformed into a society dominated by central political institutions, with an urban, commercial economy and patronage of education, the arts, and music. The term renaissance, literally meaning "rebirth," was first employed in 1855 by French historian Jules Michelet (Paolucci 14).... [tags: History of Renaissance Art]
1822 words (5.2 pages)
- The main focus of art from the Early Middle Ages to the Renaissance period involved fundamental changes in the way individuals viewed their world. A central element of the Renaissance was the rediscovery of ancient world of Greece and Rome. The ancient classics of philosophy, literature, and science inspired the development of empirical methods to pursue studies in these fields. As Europeans became increasingly aware of classical knowledge some like Galileo began to build on that knowledge actual observation and study of the natural world, even conceiving experiments to test his theories.... [tags: essays research papers]
730 words (2.1 pages)
- Russian Culture: A look at its Religion and Art Mankind has always aspired to be the largest, biggest, strongest, highest, essentially the best in everything. This is not untrue for the Russians who have had the largest country in the world for quite some time now. Russia covers one-sixth of the entire world’s land mass and has had a significant part in modern history. However, in order to understand why a country has become what it is now, one must look at its culture. A country’s culture not only reflects its citizens now but also its history and future.... [tags: History]
1222 words (3.5 pages)
- Mozart, Wofgang Amadeus (1756-1791) Austrian born, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was regarded to be the greatest child prodigy the world has ever known. At age four, he heard his older sister playing a harpsichord minuet. Mozart begged his father to let him try the piece, and by ear, he played the piece perfectly. Throughout his life, tragedy struck. He was one of the most talented composers ever to walk the face of the earth, yet he led a life filled with much unhappiness. Upon traveling to Italy, Mozart fell in love with the Italian opera.... [tags: essays research papers]
940 words (2.7 pages)
- Art Form Selection - Music This week’s assignment has been quite challenging while I attempted to get the “gist of it”. The first topic I shall report on is (Perception Key: “Swing Low Sweet Chariot, Chapter 9, pg 256). 1. What is the proportion of tonic notes (F) to the rest of the notes in this composition. Can you make any judgments’ about the capacity of the piece to produce and release tension in the listener on the basis of the recurrence of F. There were: (33 F’s), (14 A‘s) (7 D’s), (12 C’s), and (2 G’s).... [tags: Music]
1307 words (3.7 pages)
- Salvador Dali, born in Spain in 1904, was one of world's most famous Surrealist artists. His work is popular amongst modern society as well as art enthusiasts and often interweaves bizarre and thought-provoking ideas with abstract images, many of these symbolising dreams and fantasies. His paintings explore the connection between reality and fantasy, and he once described his own work as "hand painted dream photographs". His exploration of fantasy and subconscious is pronounced clearly in "The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper", painted in 1955.... [tags: Visual Arts Paintings Art]
2453 words (7 pages)
- Russian Art, Music and Literature The Arts play a large role in the expression of inner thoughts and beauty in life. From dance and music to art the concept of life is shown through the various ways in which we interpret it. The arts play a valued role in creating cultures and developing and documenting civilizations. Russia has been developing the its culture for as long as anybody could think. Nowadays, Russian painters and musicians are quickly becoming well known among each and every one around the world.... [tags: Essays Papers]
858 words (2.5 pages)
- The Harlem Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance refers to a prolific period of unique works of African-American expression from about the end of World War I to the beginning of the Great Depression. Although it is most commonly associated with the literary works produced during those years, the Harlem Renaissance was much more than a literary movement; similarly, it was not simply a reaction against and criticism of racism. The Harlem Renaissance inspired, cultivated, and, most importantly, legitimated the very idea of an African-American cultural consciousness.... [tags: African American Art Essays]
1171 words (3.3 pages)