The chief similarity notable in both passages is the descriptions of the roles of men and women and the separate spheres they exist in. In Oeconomicus, Ischomachus describes how God naturally created women and men in order to fulfill two different roles - separated into the indoor and outdoor realm. According to Ischomachus, because "Man 's body and soul He furnished with a greater capacity for enduring heat and cold, wayfaring and military marches...", men are better fit to perform tasks in the outdoor realm. Because women lack these abilities and because "He had implanted in the woman and...
... middle of paper ...
...riage in order for it to succeed.
Ultimately, the marriages in Xenophon 's Oeconomicus and Lysias ' On the Murder of Eratosthenes are similar in their demonstration of the separation of women and men based on responsibilities and social stratification. However, the two marriages differ in the spouses ' ability to communicate with one another, with Ischomachus and his wife representing the more successful of the two marriages. The role of slavery is readily apparent in both marriages and households, yet, slavery plays a positive role in the marriage in Oeconomicus and a negative role in On the Murder of Eratosthenes. As a final point, while marriage in contemporary American society requires communication as much as an Athenian marriage, today 's marriages are a stark evolution - both in equality and in gender roles - of Athenian marriages of the Ancient Greek world.
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