The meeting is called to discuss Lysistrata’s idea on how they can stop the men from waging war her idea is renouncing sex. “Very well then. We must renounce – sex…” Lysistrata telling the women for the first time what they need to do and Myrrhine taking the vow on behalf of all the women, “But I will never willingly yield myself to him.” - talking about their husbands. This is Lysistrata acting badly as in ancient Greek times, as sex was expected from women by men, women had not charge over their bodies and sex was not something they had the power to give or deny at will. The men react to this in such a way that suggests they can’t live without sex and are settle the whole war over the assurance from Lysistrata that their wives will be returned to them once they do so, “Allies, ma’am?
In ancient Greece, women lacked many of the fundamental rights held by men. Medea feels that this is unjust. These feelings are shown on page 195 when Medea states “...we must pay a great dowry to a husband who will be the tyrant of our bodies; and there is another fearful hazard: whether we shall get a good man or a bad. For separations bring disgrace on the woman and it is not possible to renounce one’s husband…” After being rejected by the one she loved, she beings to question the morals of those around her. She assumes that Greek women are weak and naive for allowing men to treat them this way; allowing men to cast them away at their heart’s content.
Eventually, her campaign is adopted by the women of Greece, and the efforts of the Athenian women are successful. Lysistrata is not only a leader for Athenian women; she is also bold and does not represent the stereotype of traditional, domestic Athenian women. First, Lysistrata is clearly identifiable as a leader for Athenian women. In the beginning of the play, Lysistrata secretly organizes a meeting between all the women of Greece to discuss a strategy to end the Peloponnesian War "if the women will meet here - the Spartans, the Boeotians, and we Athenians - then all together we will save Greece" (Page 468, 40-42). During the meeting, which Lysistrata leads, Lysistrata suggests to the women of Greece to withhold sex from their husbands.
Throughout history women have been victims of many stereotypes. The stereotypes that will be analyzed in this essay are the ideas that women are somehow inferior to men, the weaker sex, both mentally and physically; they are self-sacrificing mothers and wives and that they are dependent on men. This is seen in the play Medea, set in Greece during a time that was dominated by men. Women could only, under exceptional conditions, obtain a divorce yet any Greek man could rid himself of a wife simply by publicly renouncing his marriage. The ideal woman was "spoken of as little as possible among men, whether for good or for ill".
Since the beginning of human civilization, women have often occupied inferior roles in society while the dominant role has been played by men. In Homer’s The Odyssey gender roles in Greek society are emphasized showing how men controlled society while women were undervalued and constantly disrespected. Although it may be argued that Homer poses some rather feminist views, it is evident by several elements that The Odyssey is a misogynistic text. First, women in the Odyssey were continually oppressed by men never having true free will. In addition, Women were depicted as symbols of lust, seduction, and evil who bring destruction to men, undermining the true values of women.
This means that Lavinia’s role in the Aeneid is more of a reflection of ancient Greek society than it is of ancient Roman society. In addition, when compared to Homer, Virgil also manages to include a little more variety in his portrayal of women. The Aeneid features Dido, who is a leader of men, while the Illiad’s only notable female character, excluding the goddesses, is Helen, who is a completely powerless individual. By comparing the treatment of women in Roman works to the treatment of women in Greek works, one can potentially conclude that Greek women were treated with even less respect than their Roman counterparts.
This intolerance leads them to cast blame and aspersions on women who do not entirely deserve them so the hero can fulfill their expectations. The Greeks were accustomed to being freely hateful toward women; however that does not make their contempt any more acceptable, and people today should not assume this same accepting outlook on injustice. Works Cited Homer, and W. H. D. Rouse. "Book One, Book Five, Book Ten, Book Twelve." The Odyssey: The Story of Odysseus.
As a female character during the Greek Bronze age she calls out the double standard of the treatment of men versus women. The annoyance Calypso harbors towards Hermes as he demands that she lets Odysseus go is understandable. It is moving to have a dated piece of literature act as such a relevant tell of issues that occur within today’s era. It is so often that men in this current time call women, degrading them for taking part in similar actions in which the men are. Calypso notes that the Gods can sleep with any mortal at any time, yet when a goddess does it they are judged even if that mortal is their husband.
By modern standards, the Ancient Greeks would be considered a rabidly misogynistic culture. Indeed, the notoriously sour Boetian playwright Hesiod-- who wrote about fifty years before Homer-- proclaimed "Zeus who thunders on high made women to be an evil to mortal men, with a nature to do evil (Theogony 600)." While this view may have been extreme even for the Greeks, they were convinced of the physical and intellectual inferiority of women. Thus, they believed that it was better for all--... ... middle of paper ... ...ocial structure of a defunct culture that was just as complex, if not more complex, than our own. It defined and sustained Greek society for hundreds of years; much like the Bible once did in Christian nations.