The term “glass ceiling” was coined by the Wall Street Journal to describe “the apparent barriers that prevent women from reaching the top of the corporate hierarchy” (Women in business). Today, it is applied to all instances of discrimination preventing advancement in a career. Business Training defines it as “A phrase used to describe an invisible barrier to promotion. It can also be seen as an all encompassing opportunity on the surface, when in reality the ‘Glass Ceiling’ is hit and growth or promotion stops.” African Americans face many problems in the workplace, including: obstacles in employment, promotion and advancement difficulties, channeling into “minority” positions, and lack of access to network and mentors (Queralt).
Discrimination encountered in the employment process accounts for a noticeable difference in job status between Caucasian and African American professionals (Laseter). For example, persons tasked with hiring new employees often harbor judgments and stereotypes about African Americans that contribute to...
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...A. Wissoker. "An analysis of the correlates and sicrimination facing young Hispanic job-seekers." American Economic Review (1994): 84, 674-683.
Laseter, R. L. The labor force participation of young Black men: A qualitative examination. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, 1998.
McCoy, F. "Rethinking the cost of discrimination." Black Enterprise (2000): 25, 54-59.
Queralt, M. The social environment and human behavior: A diversity perpective. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon, 1995.
Skidmore, R.A. Social work administration: Dynamic management and human relationships, 3rd ed. Needham Heights, ME: Allyn & Bacon, 1995.
Turner, M. A, M. Fix and R. J. Struyk. Hiring discrimination against Black men. The Urban Institute Policy and Research Report. Washington, D.C., 1999.
"Women In business: The conundrum of the glass ceiling"." The Economist 4th May 2010.
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