The DSM- 5 postulates the criteria of impaired control, social impairment, risky use and pharmacological as being indicative of substance use disorders...
... middle of paper ...
Criticisms of Motivational Interviewing
Despite being considered an effective technique in treating substance abuse, researchers have yet been able to develop reliable and practical instruments and methods that allow assessment of training and supervision outcomes, thus making it difficult to assess treatment fidelity and quality (Rubak, Sandbaek, Lauritzen & Christensen, 2005). Also, many research reports purporting effectiveness have either failed to give sufficient detail regarding critical principles and techniques to determine treatment fidelity and/or claim to use MI (Baer, Beadnell, Garrett, Hartzler, Wells & Peterson, 2008). Similarly, in embracing the spirit of Motivational interviewing, may not only result in clients learning new behaviors but may require existing behaviors to become suppressed (Arkowitz, Westra, Miller & Rollnick, 2010).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Throughout societies, individuals from time to time are constantly faced with inevitable life circumstances and crises in varying areas of their lives where they are forced to employ coping strategies as a way of dealing with their situations. Such skills can either be healthy or unhealthy where effectiveness varies and is based on subjective reports derived from individuals. Likewise, within the field of mental health, individuals encounter struggles in different areas including emotional, social, cognitive and psychological where their ability to engage in effective reasoning and problem solving becomes impaired thus allowing them to become incapable of making appropriate decisions.... [tags: Psychotherapy, Cognitive behavioral therapy]
1491 words (4.3 pages)
- A social policy that greatly affects Hanna is substance abuse. Hanna mentioned that she first experimented with marijuana at the age of nine, opiates at the age of eleven and alcohol at the age of twelve. She has been consuming marijuana and opiates on a daily basis for the past two years, smoking a “blunt” a few times weekly which increased to smoking a “blunt” twice a day and popping pills weekly, which later increased to daily usage. She reported that her efforts to reduce her marijuana consumption have failed, and it eventually led her to stealing and committing crimes at the age of 14 to support her addiction.... [tags: Addiction, Drug addiction, Psychoactive drug]
907 words (2.6 pages)
- The introduction of psychoactive substances into human society dates back as far as humanity has kept records. Through the practice of medicine and spiritual perception of reality within society has moved mankind from altering the physical nature of the body or seeking a perceived understanding of self through a change introduced by chemicals, it was quickly found that mood and behavior are severely impacted as well. This process of change does not come from a physical change necessarily, but through the change in brain chemistry.... [tags: Opioid, Morphine, Psychoactive drug]
1128 words (3.2 pages)
- Abstinence When I first saw this assignment on the syllabus I wondered what I should do. After several discussions with friends I discovered I had several choices. I could give up caffeine (but none of my friends would be around me), I could give up Facebook, but I don’t think that would bother me in the long run, I could also give up Netflix, but that wouldn’t really bother me either. After much consideration if I wanted an experience that would mimic a substance abuse disorder I had to give up chocolate.... [tags: Addiction, Drug addiction, Substance abuse, Mars]
1090 words (3.1 pages)
- Substance dependence also known as addiction is not a new issue in Australia or in the world. About 230 millions people of the world population are predicted to have used an illicit drug at least once in 2010.1 Meanwhile, in Australia, 15 % of Australian age 14 years and above had at some times used cannabis. 2 In 1964, WHO Expert Committee had changed the term “addiction” to “dependence”. The term can be used with reference to wide range of psychoactive drugs or to particular drug groups. 3 Dependence is described as physical or physiological dependence or both.... [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Substance dependence]
1454 words (4.2 pages)
- Etiology of Substance Abuse Substance abuse among humans is something that is largely studied but also largely misunderstood. Humans vary so much in their reactions to substances that it is hard to decipher how one does become an abuser. Over the centuries of research in the addictions field, there has been many different rationales given as support for substance abuse disorder. Some of these reasons were that the person had low moral values, that the person has a disease in which caused the addiction to form, and that the individual is being influenced by their surroundings, whether genetic or not to cause an addiction to form.... [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Substance abuse]
1931 words (5.5 pages)
- Unfortunately, due to lack of maturity and an impulsive nature, many people start experimenting in the adolescent years. According to Johnston, O’Malley, & Schulenberg (as cited in National Institute of Drug Abuse, 2014), “by the time they are seniors, almost 70 percent of high school students will have tried alcohol, half will have taken an illegal drug, nearly 40 percent will have smoked a cigarette, and more than 20 percent will have used a prescription drug for a nonmedical purpose” (p. 8). The pubescence years are a time of significant physical, psychological, social, emotional, and intellectual development.... [tags: Addiction, Drug addiction]
1729 words (4.9 pages)
- Much has been said about whether or not Drug Addiction is a Brain Disease. In order to understand Addiction, we need to define Substance Use, Misuse and Abuse and Dependence and Disease. Substance use is occasional recreational use of a psychoactive substance. Misuse is when use has become regular and problems begin to exist. Abuse is when the misuse is more than non-use. Dependence is when the physical body begins to suffer withdraw symptoms when the drug is not used. Multiple theories exist as to what causes Addiction from the withdrawal, behavioral and psychological theories but the Substance Abuse and Disease model is most used today.... [tags: Addiction, Drug addiction, Alcoholism]
1156 words (3.3 pages)
- Substance abuse is a social welfare problem and the population that is affected is substance abuse individuals. World Health Organization (WHO) refers to substance abuse as “the individual or hazardous use of psychoactive substance, including alcohol and illicit drugs” (WHO, 2015). It is necessary for law enforcements, counselors and mental health professionals to understand the basic history knowledge of drugs, reasons why substance abuse users do drugs, and the process of treatment in order to help effectively counsel substance abusing individuals.... [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction]
1393 words (4 pages)
- Substance-related and addictive disorders There is no universally accepted definition of substance related and addictive disorders Leppert (2004, p896) defined addictive disorders as a range of disorders related to the use of a substance. According to Gray (2013) substance-related and addictive disorders are the disorders caused by the taking, overuse or withdrawal from psychoactive substances. Psychoactive substances in this case includes alcohol, caffeine, cocaine and amphetamines, hallucinogens, nicotine, opioids and sedatives.... [tags: Addiction, Drug addiction, Substance abuse]
1266 words (3.6 pages)